GERMANY

historical demographical data of the administrative divisions: before 1950


DIVERSE NAMES OF DIVISIONScapitalsurface/sq.kmsurface/sq.mic1939myc1933jnc1925jnc1919oc19111906190118961891188618811876187218681865186218591855/561853185118501847184418431842184118381835particularsvariants of the name
source:AGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAGAG
ANHALT (Herzogtum)
Anhalt-BernburgBernburg57,856,053,552,650,448,846,946,3
Anhalt-CöthenCöthen43,142,141,040,0
Anhalt-DessauDessau124,0119,5114,9113,863,763,162,362,6
SUBTOTAL: ANHALTDessau2294436,2364,4351,5331,3331,1328,0316,2293,3272,0248,2232,7213,6197,0193,0181,8175,5168,4166,4157,2154,0150,2148,9
BADEN (Grossherzogtum)
MittelrheinKarlsruhe2572675,7667,7631,7610,8567,4517,4472,1445,2421,8407,1387,7365,7349,9469,8457,3462,1460,2449,2437,3
OberrheinFreiburg4740629,4600,0557,9564,6543,3510,3480,7469,5460,4454,1441,5434,9433,1345,9336,5349,2356,1351,2340,9
SeekreisKonstanz4169358,2337,5338,0325,9311,3297,2285,5281,8281,0282,3276,5276,3273,9198,2195,2199,1197,1191,9186,6
UnterrheinMannheim3600749,7707,3681,0641,5588,7543,0487,3461,4438,1426,7401,6384,7378,1355,4346,9346,6349,4342,9332,2
SUBTOTAL: BADENKarlsruhe150812502,42413,02312,52208,62142,82010,71867,91725,61657,91601,31570,21507,31461,61435,01369,31335,91357,01362,81335,2
BAYERN (Königreich)
Mittelfranken75741036,7998,4948,2931,7868,8815,9737,2700,6671,9643,8607,1583,7579,7562,8545,3537,5533,6533,8527,4527,4518,5511,9507,6509,1Mittel Franken
Niederbayern10757770,3755,8740,0724,3707,4678,2673,5664,8660,8646,9622,4603,8594,5584,0575,3567,0554,0549,6545,4543,7535,5522,1515,1508,1
Oberbayern167251776,51684,81582,71512,01414,21323,91187,01103,21006,8952,0894,2841,7827,7818,5780,0758,0744,2734,8715,2705,5694,3690,5684,4667,9
Oberpfalz9662652,4629,3611,7599,5574,7553,8546,8538,0538,0528,6503,8497,9491,3490,3485,9479,3471,9468,5468,9467,6463,2457,6449,6444,3Oberpfalz und Regensburg
Oberfranken6999786,4757,5728,6661,9637,7608,1586,1573,3576,7575,4554,9541,1535,1527,2516,7509,8499,9499,7498,9501,2496,8486,2480,2467,6Ober Franken
Pfalz5928984,4931,8957,3937,1885,8831,7766,0728,3696,4677,3641,3615,0626,1625,2608,1595,1587,3611,5615,0608,5595,2579,1565,3554,9
Schwaben9819879,7859,4835,7810,0753,2713,7689,4668,3650,2634,2601,9582,8585,2581,3576,8570,5561,6565,8561,2558,4549,0544,2533,7520,7Schwaben-Neuburg
Unterfranken8401796,0762,7736,2710,9682,5650,8632,6618,5619,4626,3596,9586,1585,0585,3601,8598,5589,1595,7587,4592,1587,9579,3579,5574,2Unter Franken und Aschaffenburg
SUBTOTAL: BAYERNMünchen758658223,07682,47379,77140,46887,46524,36176,15818,65595,05420,25284,55022,54852,14824,64774,64689,94615,74541,64559,44519,44504,44440,41702,61678,51649,8
BRAUNSCHWEIG (Herzogtum)Braunschweig3690599,2513,0501,7480,9494,3486,0464,3434,2403,8372,5349,4327,5315,0302,8292,7282,4274,1273,0271,9269,9268,9267,6262,9
BREMEN (Freie und Hansestadt)Bremen256400,1371,6338,8299,5263,4224,9196,4180,4165,6156,2142,2122,4109,6104,198,688,979,072,8
BREMEN (1939 surface)324450,1
DANZIG (Freie Stadt)Danzig1966754415,0407,5
FRANKFURT (Freie Stadt)Frankurt am Main87,579,374,878,070,268,265,566,3
HAMBURG (Freie und Hansestadt)Hamburg4141682,21675,71152,51050,41014,7874,9768,3618,6622,5518,6453,9388,6339,0305,2222,4216,8188,1161,4166,7
HAMBURG (1939 surface)7471711,9
HESSEN (Grossherzogtum)
Oberhessen3288342,6328,5322,3309,2296,8282,0271,5265,9263,0264,6254,0253,0251,4252,4299,7300,3298,9309,6308,3310,1305,3297,7
Rheinhessen1375419,8384,2370,6382,4369,4348,2322,9307,3291,2277,2260,0250,0234,9235,7234,5226,9224,9225,6225,6225,4218,1213,7
Starkenburg3019664,4634,6598,4590,4543,0489,5444,6419,6402,4394,6370,2349,9336,9328,8322,7318,4312,6319,1318,6317,1311,4300,2
SUBTOTAL: HESSENDarmstadt76821469,21426,81347,31291,31282,01209,21119,71039,0992,8956,6936,4884,2852,9823,2816,9856,9845,6836,4854,3852,5852,6834,8811,6
HESSEN (Kurfürstentum)
Fulda136,6135,5138,7140,7137,8137,8occupied by Preussen and absorbed by Hessen-Nassau in 1866
Hanau123,6121,6124,3124,8118,6118,6occupied by Preussen and absorbed by Hessen-Nassau in 1866
Niederhessen358,8350,2367,6366,7356,7353,2occupied by Preussen and absorbed by Hessen-Nassau in 1866
Oberhessen119,5119,0124,8122,4118,9119,0occupied by Preussen and absorbed by Hessen-Nassau in 1866
SUBTOTAL: HESSENKassel738,5726,3755,4754,6732,0728,6occupied by Preussen and absorbed by Hessen-Nassau in 1866
Hessen-HomburgBad Homburg27,426,825,724,924,924,524,224,423,7occupied by Preussen and absorbed by Hessen-Nassau in 1866
LAUENBURG (Herzogtum)
LIPPE (Fürstentum)Detmold1215187,2175,5163,6154,3150,9145,6139,0134,9128,5123,2120,2112,5111,1111,4111,3108,5106,1105,5106,6104,7108,2104,5
LÜBECK (Freie und Hansestadt)Lübeck299136,5128,0120,6116,6105,996,883,376,567,763,656,948,550,649,543,254,247,747,246,7
MECKLENBURG-SCHWERINSchwerin13162910,8804,9674,4657,3640,0625,0607,8597,4578,3575,2577,1553,8557,7560,6552,6548,4542,1541,1542,8536,7534,4522,1504,5501,4since 1933 Mecklenburg-Strelitz included
(Grossherzogtum)
MECKLENBURG-STRELITZNeustrelitz2929110,4108,6106,4103,5102,6101,598,098,4100,395,797,098,899,199,199,696,394,489,5absorbed by Mecklenburg-Schwerin since 1933
(Grossherzogtum)
NASSAU (Herzogtum)Dillenburg468,3456,6439,5431,5429,1428,2414,9424,8414,3412,3408,7occupied by Preussen and absorbed by Hessen-Nassau in 1866
OLDENBURG (Grossherzogtum)
Birkenfeld50358,555,751,350,546,543,442,241,239,736,737,134,435,532,532,031,030,129,528,7
Lübeck54148,347,645,441,338,637,335,534,734,735,134,121,721,721,722,122,721,521,521,0
Oldenburg5379577,7467,6442,4421,1391,2353,8318,4296,0279,0267,1263,6248,1239,2237,2233,0227,9221,8224,2226,1220,9
SUBTOTAL: OLDENBURGOldenburg6423574,4545,7517,8483,0438,9399,1373,7354,9341,5335,4319,3314,6315,6314,3295,3294,4287,2282,0275,5275,8277,1270,6
PREUSSEN (Königreich)
Provinz with their Regierungsbezirk:
OSTPREUSSEN
Allenstein552,5541,0536,7543,5533,3split off from Königsberg ca. 1905
Gumbinnen15869546,1540,5550,1606,6603,5792,2802,3786,5788,4778,4754,8742,7744,8
Königsberg21106957,4912,5884,9914,1893,41204,41204,31172,11171,11155,51101,61080,21063,3split into Allenstein and Königsberg ca. 1905
SUBTOTAL: OSTPREUSSENKönigsberg369753336,82056,01994,01971,72064,22030,21996,62006,61958,61959,51933,91856,41822,91808,11542,41531,31480,31441,5
WESTPREUSSEN
Danzig7954742,6709,3666,0618,1589,2578,8569,2542,3525,0515,2from 1919-1939 considered as a free town
Grenzmark Posen-Westpreussen470,6332,4326,9
Marienwerder17529277,3264,5257,6960,9932,4897,7876,3844,5829,5836,7800,4789,6767,6
SUBTOTAL: WESTPREUSSENDanzig25483747,9596,9584,51703,51641,71563,71494,41433,71408,31405,91342,71314,61282,83014,62866,92744,51094,31073,51025,71019,12310,2
BRANDENBURG
Berlin594338,84242,54013,63803,82071,32040,11888,81677,31578,81315,31122,3966,9826,3702,4
Frankfurt/Oder191941276,81290,81233,01233,21202,01179,31169,71137,21116,31105,51059,41034,51020,2
Potsdam206451415,31297,91212,62859,42329,91929,31652,01404,61226,11161,31100,21002,4993,4
SUBTOTAL: BRANDENBURGBerlin398983007,92692,12588,72445,64092,63531,93108,62821,72541,82342,43389,13126,52863,22716,02616,62467,82330,02205,02129,02067,01910,81857,1since 1886 Berlin is not added in this subtotal
POMMERN
Grenzmark Posen-Westpreussen470,6332,4326,9
Köslin14040656,7681,2653,5619,8606,1587,8574,5563,6567,4586,1557,8552,3554,5
Stettin120731140,8949,5889,8871,9857,8830,7785,2749,0728,0737,8675,7671,0675,6
Stralsund4008246,7243,9225,1220,4216,3214,4208,3210,2216,1208,7208,5215,6
SUBTOTAL: POMMERNStettin301212393,82268,12209,82114,11716,81684,31634,81574,11520,91505,61540,01442,21431,81445,71437,41389,71328,41289,01253,91197,71165,11106,41056,5
POSENceded to Polska / Poland in 1919
Bromberg11448763,9724,0689,0655,4625,1608,7607,5572,3566,6550,9ceded to Polska / Poland in 1919
Posen175031335,91262,71198,31173,21126,61107,01095,91033,71017,2986,4ceded to Polska / Poland in 1919
SUBTOTAL: POSENPosen289512099,81986,71887,31828,61751,71715,71703,41606,01583,81537,31523,71485,61417,21392,61381,71325,01364,41290,21233,9ceded to Polska / Poland in 1919
SCHLESIEN
Breslau134721953,81894,21807,31841,41773,91697,71637,91599,31579,21544,31472,31414,61364,6
Liegnitz136011273,81232,11180,61176,61133,11103,01067,21047,41035,41022,3995,1983,0979,8
Oppeln134721482,81377,81303,92208,02035,61868,11710,21577,71497,61441,31376,41309,61241,3southeastern part ceded to Polska / Poland in 1919
SUBTOTAL: SCHLESIENBreslau405454341,14710,44504,14291,85226,04942,64668,84415,34224,44112,24007,93843,83707,23585,73510,73390,73269,63182,53173,23061,63065,82948,92858,8
SACHSEN (Provinz)
Erfurt3530610,5568,7543,6530,8497,9466,4446,7433,0411,4403,6385,5369,4370,1
Magdeburg115001303,81291,81245,51249,01225,81176,41122,61071,4989,8937,3879,6854,6832,1
Merseburg102101486,31411,71340,11309,51255,51189,81129,31075,61027,2971,1903,9879,2864,9
SUBTOTAL: SACHSENMagdeburg252403617,53400,63272,23129,23089,32979,22832,62698,62580,02428,42312,02169,02103,22067,12044,71976,41910,11861,51828,71781,31742,51683,91637,2
SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEINKiel182871589,31420,31518,21462,71621,01504,21388,01286,41219,51150,31127,11073,9995,9981,7961,0954,3919,4888,8803,6
HANNOVER
Aurich3108283,4290,4277,1274,0251,7240,1228,1218,1211,8211,7201,1195,3193,9192,3189,1186,3185,1174,4174,3167,5
Clausthal32,835,734,935,130,3
Hannover5782904,5821,9766,3748,1694,8647,9584,5526,2484,9462,1430,1405,0386,0369,0354,8352,7350,0339,2343,2341,4
Hildesheim5109594,0593,4578,2568,0554,0526,8497,8476,3458,7432,7413,6407,2410,2366,8360,8360,2367,9360,3366,8368,1
Lüneburg11515492,7597,1565,0546,4507,1472,6445,9420,1400,3401,3386,7384,2381,7367,7358,7342,3338,8326,4323,9319,6
Osnabrück6207466,9429,0408,1376,6348,7328,6312,3299,5291,1290,1277,8268,7264,5262,3258,8259,8262,0257,9267,4269,7
Stade6562495,3456,3432,3429,4403,3375,0353,5338,2325,7322,2308,2302,8301,4296,6289,0285,7279,8265,8263,9258,8
SUBTOTAL: HANNOVERHannover382833457,53236,83188,13027,02942,52759,62591,02422,12278,42172,52120,12017,51963,21937,71854,71811,21819,81819,31758,91774,61755,4
WESTFALEN
Arnsberg76972606,92732,32548,32399,82113,01851,31520,81342,71189,71068,8981,7865,8791,4
Minden5253871,8804,3768,1736,1687,1636,9586,1549,1520,6504,7480,6473,6477,2
Münster72491561,31282,51171,8989,1818,1699,6594,5536,2494,3470,7443,3435,8439,2
SUBTOTAL: WESTFALENMünster201995209,45040,04819,14488,24125,03618,23187,82701,42428,02204,62044,21905,61775,21707,81666,61618,11566,41527,31504,31464,91445,71421,41383,2
HESSEN-NASSAUannexed in 1866
Kassel101061148,91091,01043,91008,1955,2890,1850,5821,0801,2823,0788,9767,4770,6annexed in 1866
Wiesbaden55561435,91297,81229,61213,01114,81007,8906,3843,4791,3731,4679,0633,0609,2annexed in 1866
SUBTOTAL: HESSEN-NASSAUKassel156622675,12584,82388,82273,52221,12070,01897,91756,81664,41592,51554,41467,91400,41379,81389,0annexed in 1866
RHEINPROVINZ
Aachen4153748,0687,7589,8690,8650,5615,0590,1564,6544,6524,1502,5490,8480,2
Düsseldorf54674078,63838,63577,33418,42989,22599,82191,41973,11754,01591,41460,41328,31244,0
Koblenz6197856,0791,2768,7753,3723,7682,5650,6633,6616,6604,1571,6555,2555,9
Köln39741544,61458,91339,11249,51141,91021,9905,5827,1754,2702,9654,8613,5596,5
Trier7182463,1473,8450,91009,1931,0840,7768,5712,0675,2651,5615,1591,6578,9since 1919 Saarland has been split off
SUBTOTAL: RHEINPROVINZKoblenz269737982,77690,37250,26725,87121,16436,35759,95106,14710,44344,64074,03804,43579,43455,53359,93215,83096,63046,62906,62811,22763,12679,52591,7
HohenzollernSigmaringen114273,773,071,870,871,068,366,865,866,166,767,666,565,664,665,064,265,661,565,665,2
Jade (Gebiet)1,81,60,90,2
Lauenburg (Herzogtum)49,550,049,750,049,546,545,3
TOTAL: PREUSSEN
SACHSEN (Königreich)
Bautzen2470462,2431,5443,5426,4405,2385,1370,7356,6351,3339,2330,9322,6308,5301,2296,8297,7290,6264,9274,5absorbed by Dresden since ca. 1930
Chemnitz20711040,6976,5889,1920,5851,1792,4split off from Zwickau ca. 1900
Dresden43371915,51393,91325,71350,31284,41216,51067,8950,5860,6808,5749,5676,6638,9583,2553,9528,7507,7481,0455,7440,6absorbed Bautzen since ca. 1930
Leipzig35671367,81308,21221,71234,61146,41060,6945,2871,1774,0707,8640,0591,2553,6506,3484,2454,3446,8428,5412,5393,8
Zwickau2548872,7855,3795,3857,7800,2727,51389,71310,31190,81105,11031,9957,5908,5827,2782,8759,3735,6694,3666,0632,7split into Chemnitz and Zwickau ca. 1900
SUBTOTAL: SACHSENDresden149935206,95196,64533,94231,84363,14082,13797,03402,73131,92825,42621,42421,42225,32101,01916,71820,91742,31690,11603,81534,21467,1
SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE (Fürstentum)Bückeburg34053,250,048,046,446,745,043,141,239,237,235,433,132,131,231,430,830,129,830,228,831,927,6
THÜRINGEN
Reuss ältere Linie (Fürstentum)31672,870,668,467,562,855,950,847,045,143,943,942,139,434,935,233,833,1
Reuss jüngere Linie (Fürstentum)826152,8144,6139,2132,1119,8110,6101,392,489,088,186,583,4121,280,279,8113,577,074,973,9
Sachsen-Altenburg (Herzogtum)1324216,1206,5194,9180,3170,9161,5155,0145,8142,1141,4141,8137,2134,7133,0132,8131,8129,7125,3120,0
Sachsen-Coburg (Herzogtum)56274,871,566,862,559,356,7absorbed by Bayern since ca. 1919
Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (Herzogtum)194,7182,6174,3168,9164,5159,4153,9150,9149,4149,8147,2144,1141,1split into Sachsen-Coburg and Sachsen-Gotha ca. 1885
Sachsen-Gotha (Herzogtum)1394182,4170,9162,7154,1147,2138,0
Sachsen-Meiningen (Herzogtum)2468278,4268,9250,7234,0223,8214,9207,1194,5188,0180,3177,8172,3168,8165,7166,4163,3160,5156,9152,6
Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (Grossherzogtum)3595417,6388,1362,9339,2326,1313,9309,6292,9286,2282,9280,2273,3267,1263,8262,5261,1257,6251,8244,0
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (Fürstentum)940100,796,893,188,785,983,880,376,775,575,173,871,970,069,069,069,768,268,966,9
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (Fürstentum)86290,085,280,978,175,573,671,167,567,267,566,265,063,061,560,859,756,757,957,3
SUBTOTAL: THÜRINGENWeimar122871743,61659,51609,31512,81585,61503,11419,61336,51271,31208,91169,91099,41067,41048,11034,71004,6978,7963,5955,6948,9932,1913,6888,9
WALDECK (Fürstentum)Arolsen112155,856,061,759,157,957,857,356,656,554,756,256,859,158,657,658,159,758,258,858,3
WÜRTTEMBERG (Königreich)
Donau6265593,7585,1569,2542,0514,4496,5487,1475,4467,9448,0436,9427,3420,3376,8369,0366,5413,4412,9404,1383,2391,6Donaukreis
Jagst5139426,4420,6415,0407,1400,1398,9403,0405,1407,6390,7384,7382,2380,9414,9409,8405,6374,9398,5376,5395,5378,8Jagstkreis
Neckar3327964,6929,8882,6811,5745,7697,4665,0639,4622,9587,8548,8524,0512,1497,4486,7478,8501,0504,9495,4478,5472,9Neckarkreis
Schwarzwald4773595,5583,2570,8541,7509,3488,4481,3475,3472,9454,9448,2445,0435,0431,7425,4418,8443,9486,0450,8467,9458,4Schwarzwaldkreis
SUBTOTAL: WÜRTTEMBERGStuttgart195042896,92696,32580,22518,72437,62302,32169,52081,22036,41995,21971,31881,41818,61778,51748,31720,81690,91669,71733,21802,31726,81725,11701,7
ELSASS-LOTHRINGEN (Provinz)
ElsassStrassburg82671219,31060,11083,3
LothringenMetz6225696,2489,4513,9
SUBTOTAL: ELSASS-LOTHRINGEN144921915,51549,51597,2formerly and later belonged to France, from 1871-1918 part of Germany
SAARLAND (Sondergebiet)Saarbrücken1924842,5812,3773,8589,8former part of Rheinprovinz, transferred to France 1919, occupied in 1935Saar, Saargebiet
Sudetenland3636,2occupied in 1938, split off from Czechoslovakia
GENERAL TOTAL:
DEUTSCHES REICH (1871-1937)Berlin71916,7no data of total population is given, the consisting parts of it are too different
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GAUE (situation in 1941)the population data is only stated for the year 1939;
also some later data are known (1941/42), but they are too few to mention
BadenKarlsruhe150902502,0
BayreuthBayreuth296002370,7Bayrische Ostmark
BerlinBerlin8844338,8
Brandenburg MarkFrankfurt/Oder382783007,9Mark Brandenburg
Danzig-WestpreussenDanzig260572287,4officially regarded as "Reichsgau"
DüsseldorfDüsseldorf26722261,9
EssenEssen28251921,3
FrankenNürnberg76181077,2
Halle-MerseburgHalle/Saale102021578,3
HamburgHamburg7471711,9
Hessen-NassauFrankfurt am Main150303117,2
KärntenKlagenfurt11554449,7
Köln-AachenKöln81622432,1
KurhessenKassel9200971,9
Magdeburg-AnhaltMagdeburg139101820,4
MainfrankenWürzburg8432840,7
MecklenburgSchwerin15722900,4
MosellandKoblenz118761367,4Koblenz-Trier
NiederdonauKrems235021697,7
NiederschlesienBreslau269853286,5
NordwestfalenMünster145592822,6Westfalen-Nord
Oberbayern-MünchenMünchen164111938,4München-Oberbayern
OberdonauLinz142161034,9
OberschlesienOppeln206364341,1
Ost-HannoverLüneburg180061060,5
Ost-PreussenKönigsberg527313336,8Ostpreussen
PommernStettin384092293,8
SachsenDresden149955231,7
SalzburgSalzburg7153257,2
Schleswig-HolsteinKiel156871589,3
SchwabenAugsburg10231946,2
SteiermarkGraz173841116,4
SudetenlandReichenberg226082943,2
Süd-Hannover-BraunschweigHannover145532137,0
SüdwestfalenBochum76572678,0Westfalen-Süd
ThüringenWeimar157632446,2
Tirol-VorarlbergInnsbruck13126486,4
WarthelandPosen439054693,7officially regarded as "Reichsgau"
Weser-EmsOldenburg150441839,3
WestmarkKaiserslautern74171892,2
WienWien12161930,0
Württemberg-HohenzollernStuttgart206572974,4
GENERAL TOTAL:not included are Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren, General-Gouvernement Polen
DEUTSCHES REICH (1938-1944)Berlin68071089930,7includes the since 1938 annexed areas of Österreich (Austria) and SudetenlandGross-Deutsches Reich

Particulars:
File created 2000.11.05; last modified on 2000.11.06 by Jan Lahmeyer

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1999/2002 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer