map of Hungary; source: WR HUNGARY

[Magyarország] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Magyar ; Magyarország
country code ISO: HU //; - FIPS: HU
location: Central Europe
time zone: UT [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 93030 sq.km = 35919 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 48°35' N / South: 45°48' N / East: 22°58' E / West: 16°08' E
borders (land): Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Yugoslav Federation (Serbia-Montenegro), Croatia, Slovenia, Austria
borders (coastline): none
climate: moderate continental
Government
independent since: 896 ; 1001 ; 1867 ; 1918-11-16
type of government: republic
capital: Budapest
administrative division: megyék [komitat] (19)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1991): 10375,323 // (2001): 10198,315
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 10022,000 /or:/ 10043,224 /or:/ 10,138,844
population density: 108 per sq.km = 280 per sq.mi
population growth: -0,4% //; - doubling time: not applicable, declining population
birth rate: 9 - 12 per 1000
death rate: 13 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 26 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 17 per 1000
life expectancy: 72 years (male: 68; female: 75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 20% //; - 15-59 years: 61% //; - 60+ years: 19%
urbanisation: 64% //; - urbanisation growth: 2%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 37%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Magyar 91%; Roma 4%; German 1,6%; Slovak 1,1%; other 1%
languages: Hungarian, Slovak, German
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 63%; Calvinist 20%; Lutheran 5%; other, or non religious 12%
Health
daily food intake: 3749 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 99%
people per physician: 276
people per hospital bed: 127
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 94%
school enrolment: secondary education: 76%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 15%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Forint = 100 filler
annual inflation rate: 19%
population below poverty line: 9%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 4120 per capita
GNI USD 4710 per capita //; - [ppp: 11990]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 2690 per capita
import: USD 15446 per capita //; - export: USD 12867 per capita
trade: USD 2109 per capita //; - or 132% of GDP
trade partners: DE CIS AT CS IT FR GB US
human development index: 0,829 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 36
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: 6%
tourism: 16 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 57% //; - grass land: 13% //; - wooded area: 18% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 21% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 10%
agricultural products: meat, cereals, wine, sunflowers, potatoes, sugar beets
livestock (1000s): cattle: 857 / goats: 189 / horses: 65 / pigs: 5335 / poultry: 25894 / sheep: 934
fish catch: 7514 - 21916 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 31% //; - part of industry in GDP: 34%
industrial products: machinery, transport equipment, steel, construction materials, food processsing, pharmaceuticals
mining products: bauxite, coal, natural gas
CO2 emission per capita: 5,8
services: labour force: 48% //; - part of services in GDP: 56%
energy use (kg per capita): 2512
electricity use (per capita): 2874
annual water use (per capita): 661
Traffic, communication
road network: 29832 km //; - of which paved: 93% //; - of which are motorways: 448 km
vehicles: 185 per 1000
railways: 7765, or: 13181 km //; - railways passenger/km: 9358
navigable inland waterways: 1688 km
ownership telephone: 185 - 371 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 733 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 447 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 228 per 1000
persons per post office: 3170
personal computers: 85 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mátra (Kékes) 1015 m, Bükk (Istállós) 959, Börzsöny (Csóványos) 939, Nagy-Milic 896, Írott-ko 883, Pilis 757
lowest point: ca 79 m south of Szeged where the river Tisza leaves the country
lakes (natural): Balaton (596 sq.km; depth 4m), Fertö tó (338 sq.km, of which 1/3 part belongs to Hungary), Velencei tó 26 sq.km
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Kiskörei-víztáraló
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Duna (or: Danube, 417 km in Hungary), Tisza (or: Theiss, 597), Rába 192, Zagyva 179, Dráva 143, Sajó 132, Körös
canals: Keleti-föcsatorna, Tiszakaradi föcsatorna, Hanság-csatorna
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: Baradla near Aggtelek ? / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
if there is a range between the figures, the differences are due to the use of several sources
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the actual administrative division

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the former administrative division (until 1945)

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Hungarian Central Statistical Office

back     Internet website:
official site of the government of Hungary


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-16 by Jan Lahmeyer
© 1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer