map of the Czech Republic; source: WR CZECH REPUBLIC

[`'Ceská republika ; `'Cesko] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): `'Ceská republika ; `'Cesko
country code ISO: CZ [CZE] //; - FIPS: EZ
location: Central Europe
time zone: + 1UT
surface (land) area: 77280 sq.km = 29838 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 78864 sq.km = 30450 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 51°03'22" N / South: 48°33'09" N / East: 18°51'40" E / West: 12°05'33" E
borders (land): Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Germany
borders (coastline): none
climate: mixed, mild continental
Government
independent since: 1993-01-01 [this country has been peacefully split from the former Czechoslovakia]
type of government: republic
capital: Praha (Prague)
administrative division: kraj / oblast (7); these are divided into okres (77)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1991): 10302,215 //; - (2001): 10292,933
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 10272,179; or: 10273,000 /-; 2002: 10210,000
population density: 129 per sq.km = 337 per sq.mi
population growth: -0,1% //; - doubling time: not applicable; declining population
birth rate: 11 - 14 per 1000
death rate: 11 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 10 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 5 - 8 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 4 - 12 per 1000
life expectancy: 73-74 years (male: 69-70; female: 76-78)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 23% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 17%
urbanisation: 65-75% //; - urbanisation growth: 2%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 12%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Czech 94% [of which Moravian 13%]; Slovak 3%; Polish 0,6%; German 0,5%; Silesian 0,4%
languages: Czech (official), Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, German, Ukrainian, Hungarian
religious affiliation: non religious: 40%; Roman Catholic 39%; Czechslovak Church 14%; Protestant 4%; Orthodox 2%
Health
daily food intake: 3292 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 99%
people per physician: 261 - 325
people per hospital bed: 149
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 92%
school enrolment: secondary education: 43%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 16%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Koruna = 100 halura / haleru
annual inflation rate: 10,6 - 11,5%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3210 per capita
GNI USD 5250 - 5480 per capita //; - [ppp: 13780 - 14920]
GDP growth: 1%
income: USD 2450 - 3870 per capita
import: USD 20915 per capita //; - export: USD 17099 per capita
trade: USD 1432 - 2431 per capita //; - or 120% of GDP
trade partners: CIS PL DE AT SK GB IT FR CN
human development index: 0,844 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 33
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: 8 - 9%
tourism: 4,5 - 5,7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 41-43% //; - grass land: 11% //; - wooded area: 33-34% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 12% [FW 2001: 4%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 8% [PG: 6%; FW 2002: 4%]
agricultural products: timber, wheat, barley, maize, sugar beets, potatoes, hops, fruit
livestock (million): cattle: 1,5-1,6 / goats: 0,03 / pigs: 3,4-3,7 / poultry: 16,6-26,5 / sheep: 0,084
fish catch: 20881 - 24129 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 49% [PG 1996: 45%; FW 2001: 40%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 56% [PG: 50%; FW 2002: 40%]
industrial products: vehicles, glass, footwear, textiles, ceramics, fuels, machinery
mining products: coal, copper, zinc, lead, kaolin, natoral oil & gas, uranium
CO2 emission per capita: 11,5
services: labour force: 37% [PG 1996: 43%; FW 2001: 56%] //; - part of services in GDP: 36% [PG: 44%; FW 2002: 57%]
energy use (kg per capita): 3754
electricity use (per capita): 4682
annual water use (per capita): 266
Traffic, communication
road network: 55530 [127693] km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 499 km
vehicles: 245 - 335 per 1000 // international license plate: CZ
railways: 9451 - 9493 km //; - railways passenger/km: 8023
navigable inland waterways: 322 km
ownership telephone: 237 - 375 per 1000 // international dialling code: +420
ownership radio receivers: 884 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 406 - 487 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 219 - 254 per 1000
persons per post office: 2940
personal computers: 122 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Snezka 1602 m
lowest point: 115 m in Decin district
lakes (natural): several small lakes, the largest lake is `'Cerné jezero 18,4 ha; largest pond: Ro`'zmberk 489 ha
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Lipno 4870 ha
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Labe (Elbe), Morava, Vltava (Moldau)
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: Macocha / deepest: unknown
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
a few of the above data are for the former combinated country, as the new ones were not yet available
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-31 by Jan Lahmeyer
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