map of  Czechoslovakia CZECHOSLOVAKIA

[Ceskoslovenká Respublika] :
general data of the country

General useful information
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
Nation and population
official name (short form): `'Ceskoslovensko
country code ISO: CS //; - FIPS: CS
location: Central Europe
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: [1945-1992:] 127869 = 49371 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 51°03' N / South: 47°43' N / East: 22°34' E / West: 12°05' E
borders (land): Poland, Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Austria, Germany
borders (coastline): none
climate: mixed, mild continental
independent as a combinated state from 1918-10-28 until 1992-12-31
type of government: republic
capital: Praha (Prague)
administrative division: kraj / oblast (12); these were divide into: okres (113)
population according to the last two censuses (1980): 15283,095 //; - (1991): 15576,550
total population according to the latest estimate: (until the existence of this country ultimo 1992) 15760,000
population density: 123 per = 319 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,2% //; - doubling time: not applicable; the country istself does not exists anymore
birth rate: 14 per 1000
death rate: 11 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 10 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 12 per 1000
life expectancy: 73 years (male: 69; female: 76)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 23% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 17%
urbanisation: 69% //; - urbanisation growth: 2%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 12%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Czech 63%; Slovak 23%; Hungarian 4% + Polish, German, Russian, Ukrainian and Roma minorities
languages: Czech, Slovak; Hungarian
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 50%; Protestant 20%; Czechoslovak Church 4%; Orthodox 2%
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 310
hospital beds: 10 per 1000 persons
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 92%
school enrolment: secondary education: 43%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 16%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
Economy and infrastructure
Economy and trade
currency: Koruna = 100 haleru
annual inflation rate: figure is not of actual value anymore
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 5820 per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: was ca 4%
income: USD 2450 per capita
import: USD 1352 per capita //; - export: USD 1314 per capita
trade: USD 1432 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: RU PL HU DE AT US EG
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.: [ figure is not of actual value anymore]
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: figure is not of actual value anymore
tourism: 46 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 41% //; - grass land: 13% //; - wooded area: 37% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 13% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 8%
agricultural products: timber
livestock; detailed figures see the files of the seperate countries: Czech Republic, and Slovakia
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 49% //; - part of industry in GDP: 56%
industrial products: machines, vehicles, glass, footwear, textiles, ceramics, chemicals
mining products: coal, copper, zinc
CO2 emission per capita: unknown
services: labour force: 37% //; - part of services in GDP: 36%
energy use (kg per capita): 6300
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 73022 km //; - of which paved: % //; - of which are motorways: 518 km
vehicles: 390 per 1000
railways: 13100 km //; - railways passenger/km: 20000
navigable inland waterways: 475 km
ownership telephone: - per 1000 // 2,6 persons per telephone [1986]
ownership radio receivers: 256 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 285 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 332 per 1000
persons per post office: 2639
personal computers: per 1000
Some physical landmarks
mountains: Tatra (Gerlachovka 2655) m, Dumbier 2043, Snezka 1602
lowest point: ca 115 m in the South where the river Danube leaves the country, crossing the border with Hungary
lakes (natural): several small lakes
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Dunaj (Danube), Labe (Elbe), Morava, Váh, Vltava (Moldau)
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest systems: Demanovska, Dob`'sina ice caves, Macocha ? / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
On 1993-01-01 this country has been peacefully split up into the Czech Republic and Slovakia
primary sources used for the general information:
BB EV PW WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-06 by Jan Lahmeyer
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