map of Australia; source WR AUSTRALIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): [Commonwealth of] Australia
country code ISO: AU [AUS] //; - FIPS: AS
location: Southwestern part of Oceania
time zone: between 8:00-10:30 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 7692300 sq.km = 2969228 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 11° S / South: 44° S / East: 154° E / West: 113° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Pacific, Indian Ocean
climate: various kinds; from arid to wet and from moderate to (sub)tropical
Government
independent since: 1901-01-01 (1931-12-11 Westminster statute)
type of government: federal parliamentary republic
capital: Canberra
administrative division: state (6) plus territory (2) and dependency (6), for these latter see a separate file on this site
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1996): 17889,100 ; (2001): 18970,221, or: 18972,350
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 19169,083 // or: 19182,000 // -; 2002: 19663,000
population density: 2,6 per sq.km = 7 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,3% //; - doubling time: 99 years
birth rate: 14-15 per 1000
death rate: 7-8 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 8 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 6 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 5 - 7 per 1000
life expectancy: 77-79 years (male: 75-77; female: 81-83)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 22% [FW 2002: 20%] //; - 15-59 years: 63% //; - 60+ years : 15%
urbanisation: 85-86% //; - urbanisation growth: 1,4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 25%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: so-called "whites" [from European descent] 95,2%; aborigines 1,5%; Asian 1,3%; other 2%
languages: English // religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 27%; Anglican 24%; Protestant 19%; Orthodox 3%; more>
> more religious affiliation: Muslim 1%; Buddhist 0,8%; Jewish 0,4%; non religious 17%; other 7%
Health
daily food intake: 3190 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 99%
people per physician: 389
people per hospital bed: 227
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100% [FW 2001: 96%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 98% [FW 2001: 89%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 29%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Australian dollar ($A)= 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 1,5 - 1,7% [3%]
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: 30000 USD per capita
GNI USD 19530 - 20240 per capita //; - [ppp: 24970 - 27440]
GDP growth: 3% [FW 1990-2002: 3,8%]
income: USD 17000 per capita
import: USD 65425 per capita //; - export: USD 60530 per capita
trade: USD 4741 per capita //; - or 35% of GDP
trade partners: JP US KR DE NZ GB CN ID SG MY IT
human development index: 0,936 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 2 [FW 2003: 4]
female labour force: 44%
unemployment: 6 - 7%
tourism: 5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 6-7% //; - grass land: 54-55% //; - wooded area: 14% //; - arid land and desert: 20%
agriculture: labour force: 5,3% [FW 2001: 4,7%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 4% [FW 1999: 3%]
agricultural products: sheep, cattle, timber, wheat, barley, fruit, sugarcane
livestock (million): asses: 0,002 / cattle: 26 - 30 / goats: 0,2 / horses: 0,2 / pigs: 2,6 / poultry: 70 - 93 / sheep: 113 - 120
fish catch: 216346 - 251300 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 33% [FW 2001: 21,5%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 34% [FW 1999: 26%]
industrial products: metals and mining products, transportation equipment, chemicals, food processing
mining products: coal, natural oil & gas, iron, bauxite, zirkon, zinc, gold, silver, nickel, opals, copper, lead, uranium
CO2 emission per capita: 17,7
services: labour force: 78% [FW 2001: 73,7%] //; - part of services in GDP: 66% [FW 1999: 71%]
energy use (kg per capita): 5690
electricity use (per capita): 8884
annual water use (per capita): 933
Traffic, communication
road network: 913000 km //; - of which paved: 39% [314090] //; - of which are motorways: 1360 - 18619 km
vehicles: 446 - 510 per 1000 // international license plate: AUS
railways: 39251 - 39848 km //; - railways passenger/km: 11510
navigable inland waterways: 8368 km
ownership telephone: 510 - 520 per 1000 // international dialling code: +61
ownership radio receivers: 1152 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 641 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 255 - 293 per 1000
persons per post office: 4560
personal computers: 465 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mt. Kosciusko 2237 m, Feathertop 2922, Bimberi 1912
lowest point: Lake Eyre, 16 m below sea level
lakes (natural): Lake Eyre 9580 sq.km, L. Torrens, L. Gairdner, L. Mackay, L. Frome, L. Disappointment
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Murray-Darling 2589 km and its tributaries; and lots of smaller rivers and wadi-like creeks
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Tasmania, Kangaroo Island, Melville I., Groote Eylandt, Flinders I., Fraser I., King I. // plus dependencies
deserts: Great Sandy Desert, Gibson Desert, Great Victoria Desert
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer