map of the United Kingdom; source WR The UNITED KINGDOM of Great Britain & Northern Ireland

[Great Britain & Northern Ireland] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): United Kingdom ; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
country code ISO: GB //; - FIPS: UK
location: West Europe
time zone: +0 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 241600 sq.km = 93282 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 244880 sq.km = 94548 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: / South: / East: / West:
borders (land): Ireland
borders (coastline): North Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea, English Channel
climate: mild temperate maritime
Government
independent since: 1066-10-14 ; 1921
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: London
administrative division: county, district, island area, metropolitan county, region, bailiwick, crown dependency: in total 95
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 56467,000
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 59511,464 /-; 2001: 59647,790
population density: 247 per sq.km = per 639 sq.mi
population growth: 0,2% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 12 - 14 per 1000
death rate: 10 - 12 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 9 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 9 per 1000
life expectancy: 78 years (male: 75; female: 81)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 19% //; - 15-59 years: 61% //; - 60+ years: 21%
urbanisation: 89,5% //; - urbanisation growth: 0,3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 20%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: white 95% (English 81,5%; Scottish 9,6%; Irish 2,4%; Welsh 1,9%); Asian Indian 1%; West Indian 1%; Pakistani 1%
languages: English, Welsh, Scottish, Gaelic
religious affiliation: Anglican 44%; Roman Catholic 10%; Presbyterian 7%; Methodist 4%; Baptist 1%; Muslim 1%; non-religious 31%
Health
daily food intake: 3257 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 1719
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 82%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 24%
adult literacy: virtually 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Pound sterling = 100 new pence
annual inflation rate: 3%
population below poverty line: 15%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 18700 per capita
GNI USD 24430 per capita //; - [ppp: 23550]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 16750 per capita
import: USD 287529 per capita //; - export: USD 261950 per capita
trade: USD 7140 per capita //; - or 44% of GDP
trade partners: DE US FR NL ES EI JP IT SE CH CA
human development index: 0,923 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 14
female labour force: 44%
unemployment: 5.5%
tourism: 25 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 28% //; - grass land: 46% //; - wooded area: 10% //; - arid land and desert: ca 10%
agriculture: labour force: 2% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 2%
agricultural products: wheat, sugar beets, barley, potatoes, rapeseed, cabbage, carrots, oats, oilseeds, vegetables
livestock (million): cattle: 11,1 / horses: 0,2 / pigs: 6,5 / poultry: 170 / sheep: 42,3
fish catch: 837000 - 1030000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 20% //; - part of industry in GDP: 37%
industrial products: scala of diverse products: food, chemicals, electrical, chemical, metal, transport
mining products: limestone, iron, tin, lead, coal, natural gas & oil, salt, clay
CO2 emission per capita: 9,2
services: labour force: 78% //; - part of services in GDP: 61%
energy use (kg per capita): 3871
electricity use (per capita): 5384
annual water use (per capita): 205
Traffic, communication
road network: 356517 km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 3422 km
vehicles: 367 per 1000
railways: 16583, or 37849 km //; - railways passenger/km: 29216
navigable inland waterways: 1135, or 3200 km
ownership telephone: 502 - 567 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 1109 - 1452 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 524 - 641 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 351 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 338 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Ben Nevis 1343 m, Ben Macdui 1309, Ben Lawers 1214, Carn Eige 1182, Ben More 1174
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lough Neagh 396 sq.km, Lower Lough Erne, Loch Ness, Loch Lomond and a lot more smaller lakes
lakes (artificial reservoirs): possibly some small ones
lakes (deepest): Loch Morar 310 m
rivers: Severn 354 km, Thames, Avon, Humber, Ouse, Tees, Tyne, Trent, Tay
canals: some canals between several rivers
waterfalls: Eas a'Chual Aluinn from Glas Bheinn, 200 m
caves: longest system: / deepest: Ogof Ffynnon Ddu 308 m
islands: the state itself consists of islands, bigger and smaller ones
deserts: none
other natural features: most northerly point of the British mainland: Dunnet Head, north-east Scotland / most southerly: Lizard Point, Cornwall
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-13 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer