map of France; source: WR FRANCE

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): France
country code ISO: FR //; - FIPS: FR
location: Western Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 551500 sq.km = 212934 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 51° N / South: 42° N / East: 8° E / West: 5° W
borders (land): Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Spain, Andorra
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea
climate: varies regionally: maritime, alpine, mediterranean
Government
independent since: 843-08 ; 1685
type of government: republic
capital: Paris
administrative division: département (95)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1991): 56565,900 //; - (1999): 58518,748
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 58892,000 // - ; 2001: 58870,000
population density: 107 per sq.km = 277 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,5% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 12 - 13 per 1000
death rate: 9 - 10 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 14 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 7 - 8 per 1000
life expectancy: 79 years (male: 75; female: 83)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 20% //; - 15-59 years: 61% //; - 60+ years: 19%
urbanisation: 76% //; - urbanisation growth: 1,4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 23%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: French 92%; Arab/North African 4%; German 2%; Breton 1%; Catalan 1%
languages: French, Arabic; from other minorities: Breton, Catalan, Basque, Corsican, German, Flemish
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 76%; other Christian 4%; Muslim 6%; Jewish 1%; non religious 14%
Health
daily food intake: 3541 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 343
people per hospital bed: 89
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 97%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 35%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cents (until 2002: Franc = 100 centimes)
annual inflation rate: 1,5%
population below poverty line: 11%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 25000 per capita
GNI USD 24090 per capita //; - [ppp: 24420]
GDP growth: 1,4%
income: USD 20600 per capita
import: USD 273387 per capita //; - export: USD 284046 per capita
trade: USD 8195 per capita //; - or 47% of GDP
trade partners: DE IT BE GB US ES NL JP
human development index: 0,924 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 13
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: 10%
tourism: 75 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 35% //; - grass land: 21% //; - wooded area: 27% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 7% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 3%
agricultural products: cereals, fruit, vegetables, winegrapes, sugarbeets, potatoes, timber, dairy, fish
livestock (million): asses: 0,02 / cattle: 21 / goats: 1 / horses: 0,3 / pigs: 15 / poultry: 299 / sheep: 10
fish catch: 578071 - 829914 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 20% //; - part of industry in GDP: 29%
industrial products: machinery, automobiles, steel, chemicals, wine, textiles, perfumery, aircraft, electronics
mining products: coal, natural gas, iron, zinc, bauxite
CO2 emission per capita: 6,3
services: labour force: 74% //; - part of services in GDP: 68%
energy use (kg per capita): 4351
electricity use (per capita): 6392
annual water use (per capita): 665
Traffic, communication
road network: 804450 km //; - of which paved: 92% //; - of which are motorways: 9626 km
vehicles: 421 per 1000
railways: 31940 km //; - railways passenger/km: 55470
navigable inland waterways: 5524 - 14932 km
ownership telephone: 558 - 582 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 862 - 943 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 579 - 623 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 237 per 1000
persons per post office: 3440
personal computers: 304 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mont Blanc 4807 m, Mt. Maudit 4465, Dôme du Goûter 4304, Mt. Blanc du Tacul 4248, Aiguille Verte 4122
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lac d'Annecy, amongst a number of relatively small scattered lakes
lakes (artificial reservoirs): a number of relatively small artificial lakes
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Loire, Seine, Marne, Yonne, Rhône, Saône, Garonne, Lot, Somme, Meuse, Moselle, Durance
canals: Canal du Midi, several linking canals between the rivers Seine, Marne, Meuse, Loire, Rhône
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands (excl. overseas departements): Corsica, Île d'Oléron, Île de Ré, Belle Île, Îles de Hyères
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-10 by Jan Lahmeyer
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