map of Hong Kong HONG KONG [Xianggang] :

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Hong Kong ; Xianggang
country code ISO: HK //; - FIPS: HK
location: East Asia, Southeast China
time zone: +8 UT
surface (land) area: 990 sq.km = 382 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 1092 sq.km = 422 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North/South: 22° N / East/West: 114° E
borders (land): China, prov. Guangdong
borders (coastline): South China Sea
climate: subtropical monsoon
Government
from 1897-1997-07-01 colony of the U.K.; since then it's a special administrative region within China
type of government: special administrative region within China
capital: officially none; Victoria had been regarded as such because it was the seat of administration
administrative division: (prior to 1997-07-01:) district (18)
Population
population according to the latest census (2001): 6708,389
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 7116,302 [or: 6797,000] // - ; 2001: 7210,505
population density: 6869 per sq.km = 17790 per sq.mi
population growth: 2% //; - doubling time: years
birth rate: 12 per 1000
death rate: 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 1 child per female
maternal mortality: 5 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 6 per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 75; female: 80)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 21% //; - 15-59 years: 66% //; - 60+ years: 13%
urbanisation: 93% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 100%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin) 95%; Philippine 2%; Indonesian 1%; English 0,3%
languages: Chinese (97%, of which Cantonese 89%), English 2%
religious affiliation: predominantly Buddhist and Daoist (74%); further some Christian, Muslim and Hindu
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 686
people per hospital bed: 210
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 87%
school enrolment: secondary education: 46%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 11%
adult literacy: 88% (male: 95%; female: 81%) [later total figure found: 83%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Hong Kong dollar = 100 cents (until 1997-07?) ; since then the Chinese currency Renminbi yuan
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 23000 per capita
GNI USD 25920 per capita //; - [ppp: 25590]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 13200 per capita
import: USD 201165 per capita //; - export: USD 160802 per capita
trade: USD 41886 per capita //; - or 256% of GDP
trade partners: CN JP US DE GB SG TW KR FR MY NL IT
human development index: 0,88 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 24
female labour force: 37%
unemployment: 5%
tourism: 13 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 7% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 12% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 1% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 0%
agricultural products: vegetables, fruits and nuts
livestock (1000s): cattle: 32 / horses: 2 / pigs: 110 / poultry: 3000
fish catch: 127780 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 28% //; - part of industry in GDP: 25%
industrial products: wearing apparel, textiles, electrical and electronic products
mining products: of no importance since 1990
CO2 emission per capita: 5,4
services: labour force: 71% //; - part of services in GDP: 75%
energy use (kg per capita): 2661
electricity use (per capita): 5178
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 1743, or 1888 km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 40 per 1000
railways: 34, or 121 km //; - railways passenger/km: 3591
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 556 - 576 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 586 - 684 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 283 - 359 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 479 per 1000
persons per post office: 50000
personal computers: 351 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Damao Shan (Tai Mo Shan) 957 m, Fung Wong Shan (Lantau Peak) 934, Victoria Peak 554
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Fish Ponds
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Tai Lam Chung, Shing Mun, High Island, Plover Cove a.o.
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: some small rivers, Sheung Yue Ho
canals: none, or: unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none / deepest:
islands: Hong Kong Island, Lantau Island, Lamma, Tsing Yi, Po Toi a.o.
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
so these above data are mostly prior to 1997, thus before Hong Kong was reverted to China
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
if there is a range between the figures, the differences are due to the use of several sources

Particulars:
This "state" has been incorporated within the state of China on 1997-07-01 ; from medio 1997 onwards see:
next    CHINA : the file of the administrative division ; under municipality : Xianggang (SAR).

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next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the administrative division

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-16 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer