CHINA

historical demographical data of the administrative division


PROVINCEcapitalsurface/sq.kmsurface/sq.mic2000nvc2000e1997ue1995c19901990e1987e1985c1982c1982e1978e1977e1976e1974e19701957c1953c1953e1947e1943e1936e1925e1911e1900e1898e1879c1850e1842c1787codecodecodepos.particularsvariants of the name
source:CA,GS,TBCSFEBBTBODGLGLDVGLGLSYGLGLDVDVMIGLSYEBEBAGAGAGGLAGMIAGMIGLISOFIPS
AnhuiHefei1399005400059860,058999,961270,059550,056181,056180,852170,051030,049665,749665,045000,045000,045000,031240,038042,033560,030344,030343,622705,022704,523265,420198,814077,723670,320596,320597,037611,036597,028918,0AH34CH01ecAnhwei
FujianFuzhou1231004750034710,034097,932820,031830,030048,330048,227490,026770,025873,325873,024000,024000,020000,016760,017206,014650,013143,013142,711990,011990,411755,614329,68556,722876,522790,623502,822799,612012,0FJ35CH07seFukien
GansuLanzhou36650014150025620,025124,324940,023780,022371,122371,120710,020160,019569,319569,019000,019000,018000,012650,017592,014610,012928,012928,16256,06255,56705,47422,83807,910385,49285,44368,915437,019512,715162,0GS62CH15nwKansu
GuangdongGuangzhou1971007610086420,085225,070150,066890,062829,762829,263640,061660,053631,659299,053500,053500,053000,042800,037985,037960,034770,034770,132339,032338,832385,236773,523696,431865,329706,229740,128182,020152,616014,0GD44CH30scKwantung
GuizhouGuiyang1740006720035250,035247,736060,034580,032391,132391,130080,029320,028553,028553,025000,025000,024000,017140,020119,016890,015037,015037,310557,010557,49043,211291,39266,97650,37669,27669,25434,05679,15158,0GZ52CH18swKweichow, Kweichwei
HainanHaikou34300132007870,07559,07430,07110,06556,86557,52098,05667,72500,0HA0CH31sc
HebeiShijiazhuang2027007820067440,066684,465250,063880,061082,861082,456170,054870,053005,953006,050000,050000,047000,041410,058130,048730,038678,035984,628644,028644,731634,931246,222970,720937,017937,017937,023401,036879,822957,0HB13CH10cnHopeh, Hopei, Petchili
HeilongjiangHarbin46360017900036890,036237,637510,036720,035215,935214,933320,032950,032665,532665,032000,032000,032000,021390,020964,014860,011897,011897,32469,01560,0HL23CH08neHeilungkiang
HenanZhengzhou1670006450092560,091236,992430,090270,085534,285509,578080,076460,074422,774422,070000,070000,060000,050320,055335,048670,044215,044214,631806,031805,634289,835289,822375,535316,822115,822117,023927,029069,821036,0HE41CH09c Honan
HubeiWuhan1875007240060280,059508,958730,057190,053970,553969,249890,048760,047804,247804,045000,042000,040000,033710,035745,030790,027789,027789,724659,024659,025541,628616,621256,135280,733365,033600,533738,028584,619019,0HU42CH12c Hupeh, Hupei
HunanChangsha2105008130064400,063274,264650,063550,060658,060659,856960,055610,054008,954008,050000,050000,040000,037810,040718,036220,033227,033227,028092,028092,528293,740530,020583,222169,721002,621005,220614,020049,016165,0HN43CH11cs
JiangsuNanjing1026003960074380,073043,671480,070210,067056,867056,562130,061710,060521,160521,057000,057000,055000,044500,060275,052130,047457,041252,236469,036469,336469,328378,615379,013980,220905,221260,044155,039464,931427,0JS32CH04ecKiangsu
JiangxiNanchang1648006360041400,040397,641500,040150,037710,237710,335090,034210,033184,833184,028000,028000,028000,021070,021652,018610,016773,016772,913794,018540,115820,412258,316254,426532,124534,124541,424515,026513,919156,0JX36CH03csKiangsi
JilinChangchun1870007220027280,026802,226280,025740,024659,824658,723150,022840,022560,122560,024000,024000,023000,017890,014659,012550,011570,011290,15122,05350,0327,0150,0JL22CH05neKirin
LiaoningShenyang1510005830042380,041824,441380,040670,039434,039459,737260,036550,035721,735721,036000,036000,033000,029500,030863,024090,018545,018545,112460,01750,01657,05830,02571,0811,0LN21CH19nedata of 1936 and 1943 are for the Kwantung areaFengtien
QinghaiXining7210002784005180,04823,04960,04740,04457,04456,94120,04020,03895,73895,03500,03500,03000,02140,02808,02050,01676,01676,51513,01512,81196,1QH63CH06Tsinghai, Chinghai
ShaanxiXi'an1958007560036050,035365,135700,034810,033221,632882,430430,029660,028904,428904,027000,027000,026000,020770,022239,018130,015881,015881,39389,09388,87717,917222,66726,18450,28432,28277,012107,010309,88403,0SA61CH26cnShensi
ShandongJinan1533005920090790,089971,887850,086710,084392,184392,877760,076370,074419,174419,072000,070000,068000,055520,062422,054030,048877,048876,538100,038690,138029,334375,825813,738247,936247,836545,733127,029529,922565,0SD37CH25eShantung
ShanxiTaiyuan1571006070032970,032471,231410,030450,028758,828759,026550,026000,025291,425291,023000,023000,023000,018010,018756,015960,014314,014314,511601,011601,011601,012153,19422,912200,512211,510791,315131,017056,913232,0SX14CH24cnShansi
SichuanChengdu56900021970083290,082348,384390,0112140,078352,1107218,2103200,0101120,099713,399713,097000,090000,080000,067960,082394,072160,062304,062304,045846,046762,052963,352063,654505,668724,967712,971073,744164,035000,08567,0SC51CH27cwSzechwan
YunnanKunming43620016840042880,042360,140940,039390,036972,636972,634560,033620,032553,832553,030000,030000,028000,020510,021599,019100,017473,017472,710853,010853,411994,511020,68049,712324,611721,611721,67376,05823,73461,0YN53CH29sw
ZhejiangHangzhou1018003930046770,045930,744350,042940,041446,041445,940700,039930,038884,638884,036000,036000,035000,028320,029238,025280,022866,022865,721776,021776,121230,724139,813942,711580,711588,711685,330027,08100,021719,0ZJ33CH02eChekiang
AUTONOMOUS REGION:
Guangxi ZhuangzuNanning2204008510044890,043854,546330,044930,042244,942245,839460,038060,036421,036420,033000,032000,031000,020840,022280,019390,019561,019560,814861,014861,513385,227653,45426,45142,35151,35121,37827,08121,36376,0GX45CH16sKwangsi-Chuang
Manchukuo43234,035338,024040,816000,012000,03187,3ne
Nei MonggolHohhot117750045460023760,023323,323260,022600,021456,521456,820290,019850,019274,319274,018000,08500,08000,06240,013053,09200,07338,07174,21800,01900,02000,02000,0NM15CH20nInner-Mongolia
Ningxia HuizuYinchuan66400256005620,05486,45300,05040,04655,44655,54240,04060,03895,63895,03600,03000,03000,02160,0724,0724,31023,1NX64CH21ncNingsia Hui
Xinjiang UygurÜrümqi164690063590019250,018459,517180,016320,015156,915155,813840,013440,013081,713081,012000,011000,010000,07270,07077,05640,04874,04873,64360,04360,04360,02688,32000,0XJ65CH13nwSinkiang Uighur
XizangLhasa12216004717002620,02616,32480,02360,02196,02196,02030,01970,01892,41892,01800,01700,02000,01250,01844,01270,01274,01274,01700,03722,02000,06500,07180,03000,0XZ54CH14swTibet
MUNICIPALITIES:
Beijing16800650013820,013569,212400,011250,010819,410819,49750,09470,09230,79230,08700,08000,07800,07570,02768,11556,47659,5BJ11CH22ncPeking, Peiching, Peiping
Chongqing30900,030512,830420,028866,2
Macau (SAR)218440,0440,0430,5special administrative region; former Portuguese colony, reverted to China ultimo 1999Macao, Aomen
Shanghai6200240016740,016407,714570,013560,013341,913341,912320,012050,011859,711859,011000,010000,010700,010820,06204,43486,06245,9SH31CH23nc
Tianjin11300440010010,09848,79530,09350,08785,48785,48190,07990,07764,17764,07000,07000,05500,04280,02693,81292,0TJ12CH28eTientsin
Xianggang (SAR)10924226780,06780,06687,2XGspecial administrative region, reverted to China medio 1997Hsiang Kang, Hong Kong
military personnel13040,0excluded from the regional figures
other cities with special status:(in Wade-Giles transcription)special status in 1936 figures
Nanking1019,1
Sian188,3
Tsingtau514,8
Weihaiwei214,1
other temporarily provinces:(all in Wade-Giles transcription)mostly in the Manchukuo or Mongolian area
AntungTunghwa3214,0nesurface: 41963 sq.km = 16202 sq.mi; formed 1932, dissolved 1945
ChaharChangchiakow2034,02036,02036,0nepartitioned 1952 among other provinces
HokiangKiamusze1298,0nesurface: 131613 sq.km = 50816 sq.mi; now part of Heilongjiang
HsinganHulun1293,0nesurface: 269148 sq.km = 103918 sq.mi
JeholChengteh2185,0nesurface: 192380 sq.km = 74278 sq.mi
LiaopeiLiaoyuan, Szepingkai4030,0nesurface: 104890 sq.km = 40498 sq.miLiao-peh
NunkiangLungkiang2094,0nesurface: 61932 sq.km = 23912 sq.mi
SikangKangting3381,11756,01755,5968,2swdissolved 1955; partitioned between Sichuan and XizangHsikang
SuiyuanKweisui2084,02083,72083,7nsurface: 291357 sq.km = 112493 sq.mi
SungkiangMutankiang, Harbin4923,0nesurface: 79521 sq.km = 30703 sq.miSongjiang, Sung-chiang
TOTAL:Beijing957401336965301269500,01249832,21243107,71188710,01130823,01130483,41055678,01030510,01003937,11003924,0942100,0916200,0859000,0691850,0752995,0646530,0572811,0571342,5452996,0463447,0479955,6485598,9320651,6431735,4382973,3402735,0409671,0409931,9292308,0

Particulars:
Most population figures of China are believed to be somewhat unreliable.
Figures of the former colonies Hong Kong and Macau have been incorporated in the following columns: surface area and population of 1997.
For reasons of historical comparability, however, separate files have been made for Hong Kong and Macau.
Source "FE" for figures 1997u: Far East and Australasia, 2000.
Source "SC" for figures of the census 2000: "China statistical yearbook".
File created on 2000-05-21; revised on 2001-12-27; and last modified on 2003-11-12 by Jan Lahmeyer

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1999/2003 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer