map of Canada; source: WR CANADA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Canada
country code ISO: CA [CAN] //; - FIPS: CA
location: North America
time zone: -3:30 / -8 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 9220970 sq.km = 3560216 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 9976140 sq.km = 3851788 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 83° N / South: 42° N / East: 53° W / West: 141° W
borders (land): United States of America
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean
climate: varies from polar (n) to cool temperate (s)
Government
independent since: 1867-07-01 ; 1949 ; 1982 (last change of constitution)
type of government: constitutional monarchy (United Kingdom)
capital: Ottawa
administrative division: province (10) + territory (3)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1991): 27296,900 //; - (2001): 30007,094
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 31281,092 / or: 30750,000; 2002: 31362,000
population density: 3 per sq.km = 8 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,2% //; - doubling time: ca 35 years
birth rate: 11- 13 per 1000
death rate: 7 - 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 3 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 7 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 5 per 1000
life expectancy: 79 years (male: 76; female: 83)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 21% //; - 15-59 years: 63% //; - 60+ years: 16%
urbanisation: 77% //; - urbanisation growth: 1,7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 18%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: British origin 40%; French origin 27%; other European 20%; Asiatic 2%; Amerindian, Iniut 2%
languages: English, French (both official); Inuktitut
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 45%; United Church 12%; Anglican 8%; other (Muslim, Jewish) 22%; non religious 13%
Health
daily food intake: 3167 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 99%
people per physician: 450 - 538
people per hospital bed: 177
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 93%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 62%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Canadian dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 1,4%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 21000 per capita
GNI USD 21130 - 22390 per capita //; - [ppp: 27170 - 28930]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 19380 - 21620 per capita
import: USD 54800 per capita //; - export: USD 68400 per capita
trade: USD 9355 per capita //; - or 76% of GDP
trade partners: US GB JP EU CN MX
human development index: 0,936 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 3
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: 7 - 8%
tourism: 20 - 40 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 5% //; - grass land: 3% //; - wooded area: 39% //; - arid land and desert: 45% [arctic]
agriculture: labour force: 3% [PG: 5%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 3%
agricultural products: fish, furs, timber, wheat, grains, oilseed, tobacco, fruit, vegetables
livestock (million): cattle: 12,8 - 13,7 / goats: 0,03 / horses: 0,4 / pigs: 12,2 - 14,4 / poultry: 169 / sheep: 0,7 / turkeys: 5,9
fish catch: 1021916 - 1120000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 19% [PG: 21%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 21%
industrial products: transport equipment, food, paper, metals, electronics, rubber, plastics, chemicals
mining products: coal, cobalt, copper, gold, iron ore, lead, molybdenum, gas, oil, nickel, platinum, zinc, uranium, asbestos, potash, gypsum, silver
CO2 emission per capita: 15,4
services: labour force: 77% [PG: 72%] //; - part of services in GDP: 76%
energy use (kg per capita): 7929
electricity use (per capita): 15260
annual water use (per capita): 1602
Traffic, communication
road network: 1021000 km //; - of which paved: 35% [497306] //; - of which are motorways: 16571 - 16900 km
vehicles: 500 per 1000 // international license plate: CDN
railways: 12754 km? ; or: 71104 - 194000 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1430
navigable inland waterways: 3000 - 3770 km
ownership telephone: 590 - 676 per 1000 // international dialling code: +1
ownership radio receivers: 803 - 1078 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 647 - 717 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 189 per 1000
persons per post office: 1590
personal computers: 390 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mount Logan 5959 m; Mt. Saint Elias 5489; Mt. Lucania 5226; King Pk 5173, Mt. Steele 5067, Mt. Robson 3954
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Lake Winnipeg, Lake Superior - Huron - Erie - Ontario
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Nechako Reservoir
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Mackenzie, Fraser, Nelson, St. Lawrence, Yukon, Columbia, Ottawa, Peace, Athabasca, Liard, Saskatchewan, Assiniboine, Churchill
canals: Welland Canal
waterfalls: Della 440 m, Takakkaw 366, Panther 183
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Baffin -, Ellesmere -, Victoria -, Devon -, Melville -, Banks Isl., Newfoundland, Axel Heiberg, Southampton, Prince of Wales, Vancouver
deserts: none in the sense of warm arid areas, however, the Arctic area could be described as a cold desert
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-24 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer