map of Papua New Guinea; source: WR PAPUA NEW GUINEA

[Papua Niugini] : general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Papua Niugini ; Papua New Guinea
country code ISO: PG //; - FIPS: PP
location: Southeast Asia / Northwest Oceania
time zone: +10 UT
surface (land) area: 462840 sq.km = 178704 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 0° S / South: 12° S / East: 164° E / West: 141° E
borders (land): Indonesia (Irian Jaya)
borders (coastline): Bismarck Sea, Solomon Sea, Coral Sea (all parts of Pacific Ocean)
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1975-09-16
type of government: republic
capital: Port Moresby
administrative division: province (20)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1990): 3607,954; (2000): 5190,786
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 4926,984; or: 5130,000
population density: 11 per sq.km = 29 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,2% //; - doubling time: 31 years
birth rate: 32 per 1000
death rate: 8 - 10 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 900 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 63 per 1000
life expectancy: 63 years (male: 61; female: 66)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 40% //; - 15-59 years: 55% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 17% //; - urbanisation growth: 9%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 25%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: New Guinea Papuan 84%; New Guinea Melanesian 15%
languages: English (official); Pidgin English, Motu plus 715 indigenous dialects
religious affiliation: Protestant 58% (of which Lutheran 16%); Roman Catholic 28%; Anglican 5%; traditional beliefs 2%; Baha'i 1%
Health
daily food intake: 2168 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 28 - 42%
people per physician: 13708
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 64%
school enrolment: secondary education: 12%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: <1%
adult literacy: 52% (male: 65%; female: 38%) [later total figure found: 76%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Kina = 100 toea
annual inflation rate: 8%
population below poverty line: 36%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2654 per capita
GNI USD 700 per capita //; - [ppp: 2180]
GDP growth: 1,4%
income: USD 820 per capita
import: USD 1299 per capita //; - export: USD 2625 per capita
trade: USD 712 per capita //; - or 81% of GDP
trade partners: AU JP SG US GB KR DE
human development index: 0,534 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 122
female labour force: 42%
unemployment: 13%
tourism: 0,06 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0,9% //; - grass land: 0,2% //; - wooded area: 84% //; - arid land and desert: ca 10%
agriculture: labour force: 76% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 26%
agricultural products: coconuts, bananas, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, palm oil, yams, taro, cassava, coffee, cocoa
livestock (1000s): cattle: 87 / goats: 2 / horses: 2 / pigs: 1550 / poultry: 3715 / sheep: 6
fish catch: 45205 - 53746 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 10% //; - part of industry in GDP: 35%
industrial products: some food products, beverages, tobacco, metals, machinery, wood products
mining products: copper, gold, silver, natural gas, oil, chromite, cobalt
CO2 emission per capita: 0,5
services: labour force: 14% //; - part of services in GDP: 39%
energy use (kg per capita): 236
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 28
Traffic, communication
road network: 19736 km //; - of which paved: 6% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 4 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 10940 km
ownership telephone: 10 - 13 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 68 - 91 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 13 - 163 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 15 per 1000
persons per post office: 39800
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mt. Wilhelm 4509 m, Mt. Kubor 4359, Mt. Giluwe 4088, Mt. Victoria 4035
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lake Murray, Chambri Lake
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Fly, Sepik, Purari, Kikori, Ramu
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Islands
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-01 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer