map of Kiribati; source: WR KIRIBATI

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Kiribati
country code ISO: KI //; - FIPS: KR
location: Western Pacific Ocean
time zone: from +12 - +14 UT
surface (land) area: 728 sq.km = 281 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 810,5 sq.km = 312,9 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 5° N / South: 13° S / East: 168° E / West: 148° W
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical Pacific
Government
independent since: 1979-07-12
type of government: republic
capital: Bairiki on Tarawa South
administrative division: 3 island groups, no further division, see the separate file of the administrative division
Population
population according to the latest census (1995): 77,658
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 91,985; or: 91,000 // -; 2001: 84,000?, or: 94,149
population density: 125 per sq.km = 324 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,2% //; - doubling time: 36 years
birth rate: 14 -32 per 1000
death rate: 9 - 12 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 54 per 1000
life expectancy: 60 years (male: 57; female: 63)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 39% //; - 15-59 years: 55% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 39% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 100%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: I-Kiribati 97,4% (Micronesian); mixed 1,5%; Tuvaluan 0,5%; European 0,2%; other 0,4%
languages: English ; Gilbertese (I-Kiribati)
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 53,4%; Kiribati Protestant (Congregational) 39,2%; Bahai 2,4%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 47%
people per physician: 4000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 68%
school enrolment: secondary education: 24%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0,6%
adult literacy: 90% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Australian dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 730 per capita
GNI USD 950 per capita //; - [ppp: 910]
GDP growth: 0,5%
income: USD 750 per capita
import: USD 26 per capita //; - export: USD 5 per capita
trade: USD 350 per capita //; - or 121% of GDP
trade partners: US AU DE NZ JP GB SE DK IT NL
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,05 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 52% //; - grass land: % //; - wooded area: 3%[, or 38%?] //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 71% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 30%
agricultural products: coconuts, copra, roots & tubers (taro), fish, vegetables, melons, bananas, sweet potatoes, breadfruit
livestock (1000s): asses: / cattle: / goats: / horses: / pigs: 12 / poultry: 365 / sheep:
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 3% //; - part of industry in GDP: 8%
industrial products: food processing, handicrafts
mining products: phosphate
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 26% //; - part of services in GDP: 62%
energy use (kg per capita): 103
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 655 - 670 km //; - of which paved: 5% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 7 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 5 km
ownership telephone: 26 - 43 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 79 - 212 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 15 - 25 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 3310
personal computers: 18 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: none, or unknown
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: none, or unknown
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: 3 groups of atoll islands: Gilbert Islands, Line Islands and Phoenix Islands
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
Kiribati is pronounced Kiribass // the 1999/2000 millennium change caused a temporary booming number of tourists
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer