map of the Yugoslav Federation / Serbia & Montenegro; source WR The YUGOSLAV FEDERATION

[Jugoslavija ; Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ;
Serbia & Montenegro ; Srbija i Crna Gora] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Jugoslavija ; Srbija-Crna Gora
country code ISO: YU //; - [former FIPS code: YO, now retired]
location: Southeast Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 102173 sq.km = 39449 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 46°11' N / South: 41°50' N / East: 23°00' E / West: 18°16' E
borders (land): Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia
borders (coastline): Adriatic Sea (part of Mediterranean Sea)
climate: continental inland, Mediterranean along the coast
Government
independent since: 1389 ; 1878 ; 1918-12-01 ; 1992-04-27
type of government: federal republic
capital: Beograd
administrative division: republic (2) + autonomous province (2); all further divided into communes
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 10394,026
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 10662,087; or: 10637,000 /-; 2001: 10538,000; or: 10677,290
population density: 104 per sq.km = 270 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,5% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 12 - 13 per 1000
death rate: 10 - 11 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 16 per 1000
life expectancy: 72 years (male: 69 - 70; female: 74 - 75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 23% //; - 15-59 years: 61% //; - 60+ years: 16%
urbanisation: 52% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Serbian 62%; Albanian 16%; Montenegrin 5%; Yugoslav 3%; Hungarian 3%; Muslim 3%; Roma 1%
languages: Serbo-Croatian (official) 95%; Albanian 5%
religious affiliation: Serbian Orthodox 63%; Muslim 19%; Roman Catholic 6%; Protestant 1%; other 11%
Health
daily food intake: 2963 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 471
people per hospital bed: 181
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: ca 95%
school enrolment: secondary education: ca 85%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 9%
adult literacy: 93% (male: 97%; female: 89%) [later total figure found: 98%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Yugoslav new dinar = 100 paras
annual inflation rate: %
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1510 per capita
GNI USD 940 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD 4500 per capita
import: USD 5549 per capita //; - export: USD 934 per capita
trade: USD 1000 per capita //; - or 64% of GDP
trade partners: international trade collapsed since the United Nations economic sanctions in 1992
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 44%
unemployment: 27%
tourism: 0,15 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 36% //; - grass land: 21% //; - wooded area: 30% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 5% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 18%
agricultural products: maize, wheat, potatoes, grapes, plums, vegetables
livestock (million): asses: / cattle: 1,5 / goats: 0,2 / horses: 0,08 / pigs: 4,1 / poultry: 22,3 / sheep: 1,9
fish catch: 1253 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 45% //; - part of industry in GDP: 52%
industrial products: food processing, metalworks, textiles, machinery, consumer goods, electronics
mining products: coal, bauxite, iron, lead, copper, zinc, magnesite, salt, asbestos, silver, natural gas & oil, antimony, nickel, gold, pyrite, chrome
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 50% //; - part of services in GDP: 30%
energy use (kg per capita): 1258
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 50497 km //; - of which paved: 58 - 62% //; - of which are motorways: 374 km
vehicles: 130 per 1000
railways: 4031, or 4059 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1830
navigable inland waterways: ca 500, or 1419 km
ownership telephone: 192 - 214 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 118 - 297 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 170 - 273 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 90 per 1000
persons per post office: 6722
personal computers: 23 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Ðeravica 2656 m, Crni vrh 2585, Gusan 2539, Bogda's 2533, Durmitor (Bobotov Kuk) 2522, 'Zuti kamen 2522, Ljuboten 2498
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Ðerdap [Zlatarsko Jezero] 253 sq.km; Pivsko Jezero 113; Skadarsko Jezero (370, split equally on the border with Albania)
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Dunav (Danube) 588 km in YU, Zapdnaja Morava 308, Ju'zna Morava 295, Ibar 272, Drina 220, Sava 206, Timok 202, Velika Morava 185, Tisza 168
canals: Banat.Palanka - N.Be'cej 147 km, Tami's 118, Be'cej-Bogojevo 90, Vrbas-Bezdan 81
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none, or unknown
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
official governmental site of the Federation of Serbia & Montenegro

back     Internet website:
Federal Statistical Office


Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-15 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer