map of Switzerland; source WR SWITZERLAND

[Schweiz = Suisse = Svizzera = Svizra = Helvetia] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Schweiz, Suisse, Svizzera, Svizra
country code ISO: CH //; - FIPS: SZ
location: Central West Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 41285 sq.km = 15940 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 48° N / South: 46° N / East: 10° E / West: 6° E
borders (land): Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy, France
borders (coastline): none
climate: temperate continental, with variations depending on altitude
Government
independent since: 1291 ; 1499-09-22 ; 1815
type of government: confederative republic
capital: Bern (administrative), Lausanne (judicial)
administrative division: Kanton / canton (26)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1990): 6873,687 /-; (2000): 7284,930
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 7262,372 /-; 2001: 7300,000
population density: 176 per sq.km = 456 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,8% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 10 - 11 per 1000
death rate: 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 5 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 5 per 1000
life expectancy: 80 years (male: 77; female: 83)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 16% //; - 15-59 years: 64% //; - 60+ years: 20%
urbanisation: 68% //; - urbanisation growth: 1%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 22%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: German 65%; French 18%; Italian 5%; Yugoslav 5%; Portuguese 2%; German 1%; Spanish 1%; Romansch 1%; Turk 1%
languages: German, French, Italian, Romansch (all official)
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 46%; Protestant 40%; other 14%
Health
daily food intake: 3222 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 556
people per hospital bed: 190
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 98%
school enrolment: secondary education: 86%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 25%
adult literacy: virtually 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Swiss Frank/franc = 100 Rappen/centimes
annual inflation rate: 1,3%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 25240 per capita
GNI USD 38140 per capita //; - [ppp: 30450]
GDP growth: 0,2%
income: USD 33510 per capita
import: USD 79365 per capita //; - export: USD 80455 per capita
trade: USD 19088 per capita //; - or 69% of GDP
trade partners: DE FR IT US
human development index: 0,924 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 11
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: 2%
tourism: 11 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 10% //; - grass land: 40% //; - wooded area: 26% //; - arid land and desert: ca 20%
agriculture: labour force: 6% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 4%
agricultural products: milk, sugar beets, potatoes, wheat, barley, apples, grapes, vegetables
livestock (million): cattle: 1,6 / goats: 0,06 / horses: 0,05 / pigs: 1,5 / poultry: 6,8 / sheep: 0,4
fish catch: 1840 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 30% //; - part of industry in GDP: 42%
industrial products: machinery, precision engineering, chemicals, electronics, optics, metals, watches, textiles, foodstuffs
mining products: rock salt
CO2 emission per capita: 5,9
services: labour force: 30% //; - part of services in GDP: 42%
energy use (kg per capita): 3738
electricity use (per capita): 7291
annual water use (per capita): 173
Traffic, communication
road network: 71099 km //; - of which paved: 96% //; - of which are motorways: 1642 km
vehicles: 430 per 1000
railways: 4942, or: 5208 km //; - railways passenger/km: 11400
navigable inland waterways: 1208 km
ownership telephone: 613 - 699 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 791 - 1000 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 370 - 536 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 415 per 1000
persons per post office: 1920
personal computers: 500 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Dufourspitze 4634 m, Dom 4545, Weisshorn 4506, Matterhorn 4478, Dent Blanche 4357
lowest point: ca 250 m, in the NW tip, near Basel where the river Rhein leaves the country
lakes (natural): Lake Constance, Geneva (Lac Léman), Zürichsee, Lac de Neuchâtel, Vierwaldstätter See, Bielersee >
> some more natural lakes: Thunersee, Brienzersee, Zugersee // lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Rhein (Rhine), Rhône, Aare, Inn, Ticino
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: Trummelbach 400 m, Giessbach 300, Staubbach 300
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest: // glaciers: Aletschgletscher
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features: mountain passes: Gr. St. Bernard, Bernina, Flüela, Simplon, Furka, Grimsel, Gotthard
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer