map of Poland; source: WR POLAND

[Polska] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Polska
country code ISO: PL //; - FIPS: PL
location: East Central Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 311904 sq.km = 120426 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 312685 sq.km = 120727 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 54°50' N / South: 49°00' N / East: 24°09' E / West: 14°08' E
borders (land): Russian Fed. 210 km, Lithuania 103, Belarus 416, Ukraine 528, Slovakia 541, Czech Rep. 790, Germany 467
borders (coastline): Baltic Sea 440 km, total length of coast 788 km
climate: mild continental
Government
independent since: 1918-11-10/11 ; 1945
type of government: republic
capital: Warszawa
administrative division: Województwo (49)
Population
population according to the latest census (1988): 37878,641
total population according to the estimate of midyear2000: 38646,023 /-; 2001: 38640,000
population density: 124 per sq.km = 321 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,6% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 10 - 11 per 1000
death rate: 10 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 11 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 13 per 1000
life expectancy: 73,5 years (male: 69; female: 78)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 25% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 15%
urbanisation: 66% //; - urbanisation growth: 2%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 15%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Polish 97,6%; Ukrainian 0,6%; other 1,8%
languages: Polish (official), Byelorussian, German, Ukrainian
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 90,7%; Eastern Orthodox 1,4%; other Christian or non religious 7,9%
Health
daily food intake: 3351 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 429
people per hospital bed: 188
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 99%
school enrolment: secondary education: 81%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 20%
adult literacy: 99,8% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Zloty = 100 groszy
annual inflation rate: 23%
population below poverty line: 24%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2790 per capita
GNI USD 4190 per capita //; - [ppp: 9000]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 1830 per capita
import: USD 28930 per capita //; - export: USD 22863 per capita
trade: USD 751 per capita //; - or 51% of GDP
trade partners: CIS-countries DE AT GB
human development index: 0,828 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 38
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: 15%
tourism: 18 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 48% //; - grass land: 13% //; - wooded area: 29% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 28% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 7%
agricultural products: potatoes, wheat, rye, sugarbeets, fruits, vegetables
livestock (million): cattle: 6 / horses: 0,6 / pigs: 18 / poultry: 54 / sheep: 0,4
fish catch: 235000 - 390586 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 28% //; - part of industry in GDP: 59%
industrial products: machinery, chemicals, metals & steel, textiles, cement, timber, food products, shipbuilding
mining products: coal, copper, silver, sulphur, natural gas, lead, salt, iron ore, zinc, aluminium
CO2 emission per capita: 8,3
services: labour force: 44% //; - part of services in GDP: 34%
energy use (kg per capita): 2416
electricity use (per capita): 2388
annual water use (per capita): 321
Traffic, communication
road network: 372479, or 381046 km //; - of which paved: 68% //; - of which are motorways: 268 km
vehicles: 137 per 1000
railways: 23986 km //; - railways passenger/km: 26635
navigable inland waterways: 3997 km
ownership telephone: 148 - 263 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 421 - 523 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 387 - 414 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 141 per 1000
persons per post office: 4920
personal computers: 69 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Rysy 2499 m, Mieguszowiecki Szczyt 2438, Swinica 2301, Wolowiec 2064, Kasprowy Wierch 1987
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): numerous; particularly the "famous" Mazury lakes: e.g. Sniardwy 114 sq.km, Mamry 104, Lebsko 71, Dabie 56
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Wloclawek, Jeziorsko, Solina, Godzalkowice, Siemanówka, Debe
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Wisla 941 km, San 90, Odra (Oder) 711, Nysa 407, Notec 282, Warta 407, Bug 587, Narew 300
canals: Wierpz-Krzna 140 km, Augustowski 80, Elblaski 62
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: Wieliczka (former salt mines) / deepest:
islands: Wolin
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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For data of the historical administrative division see the page of the regions of Poland prior to 1945

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-02 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer