map of Norway; source: WR NORWAY

[Norge] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Norge
country code ISO: NO //; - FIPS: NO
location: Northern Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 323900 sq.km = 125060 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 71°11'09" N / South: 57°57'31" N / East: 31°10'07" E / West: 04°29'57" E
borders (land): Sweden 1619 km, Finland 727, Russian Federation 196
borders (coastline): Northern Atlantic Ocean / length (without fjords and bays) 2650 km, (with f&b) 25418, islands 58133, total 83281
climate: cool maritime, with colder circumstances depending on altitude and latitude
Government
independent since: 872 ; 1905-10-26
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Oslo
administrative division: fylke (20)
Population
population according to the latest census (2001): 4520,900
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 4478,479 /or:/ 4481,162 /or:/ 4491,000
population density: 14 per sq.km = 36 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,6% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 12,6 - 13,8 per 1000
death rate: 9,8 - 10,4 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 2 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 8 per 1000
life expectancy: 79 years (male: 76; female: 82)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 19% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 21%
urbanisation: 75,5% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 33%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Norwegian 96,4%; Sami (Lapp) 0,5%; Finn 0,3%; other 2,8%
languages: Norwegian (official), distincted in bokmål [riksmål] and nynorsk [landsmål], resp. written-spoken
religious affiliation: Evangelical Lutheran 88%; other Christian 4%; nonreligious 3%; other 5%
Health
daily food intake: 3425 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 285
people per hospital bed: 210
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 98%
school enrolment: secondary education: 81%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 36%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: kron = 100 øre
annual inflation rate: 2,8%
population below poverty line: 7,5%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 25000 per capita
GNI USD 34530 per capita //; - [ppp: 29630]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD per capita
import: USD 34309 per capita //; - export: USD 48955 per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or 58% of GDP
trade partners: SE GB DE US NL DK
human development index: 0,939 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 1
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: 3%
tourism: 4,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: 0,4% //; - wooded area: 27% //; - arid land and desert: ca 65%
agriculture: labour force: 5% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 3%
agricultural products: cereals, oats, potatoes, liverstock, fruit, timber, fish
livestock (million): cattle: 1 / goats: 0,05 / pigs: 0,7 / poultry: 3,7-23? / sheep: 2,3
fish catch: 2620000 - 3220000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 32% //; - part of industry in GDP: 19%
industrial products: mining, oil refining, minerals, shipbuilding, food processing, fishing, forestry, metals, chemicals
mining products: natural oil & gas, coal, copper, iron, lead, nickel, titanium, quartz, pyrites, zinc
CO2 emission per capita: 7,6
services: labour force: 60% //; - part of services in GDP: 71%
energy use (kg per capita): 5965
electricity use (per capita): 24248
annual water use (per capita): 490
Traffic, communication
road network: 90262, or 91254 km //; - of which paved: 74% //; - of which are motorways: 570 km
vehicles: 403 per 1000
railways: 4021, or 4223 km //; - railways passenger/km: 2381
navigable inland waterways: 1577 km
ownership telephone: 558 - 709 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 767 - 915 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 561 - 579 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 498 per 1000
persons per post office: 1850
personal computers: 491 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Galdhöppigen 2469 m, Glittertind 2464, Store Skagastølstind 2403, Styggdalstind 2387, Skarstind 2373
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Mjøsa 368 sq.km, Røssvatn 210, Femund 204
lakes (artificial reservoirs): possibly some small ones
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Glomma 598 km, Pasvikelva (Tana med Anarjokka) 360, Numedalslågen 352, Gudbrandsdalslågen 351, Tana 348, Dramsvassdraget 301
canals: none
waterfalls: Kjellfossen 840 m, Søndre Mardalsfoss 705, Mongefossen 700
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Hinnøy 2198 sq.km, Senja 1590
deserts: none
other natural features: glacier: Jostedalsbreen 487-815 sq.km / fjord: Sognefjorden 204 km, Hardangerfjorden 179
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks [Statistisk årbok]
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-29 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer