map of Lithuania; source: WR LITHUANIA [Lietuva]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Lietuva
country code ISO: LT //; - FIPS: LH
location: Eastern Europe
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 65200 sq.km = 25174 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 56°27' N / South: 53°54' N / East: 26°51' E / West: 20°56' E
borders (land): Latvia 588 km, Belarus 660, Poland 103, Russian Federation 273 km (incl. Kur'siu Lagoon 18) / in total 1714 km
borders (coastline): Baltic Sea 90 km
climate: cool maritime and continental
Government
independent from: 1918-1940 ; and since 1990-03-11 ; or 1991-09-06
type of government: republic
capital: Vilnius
administrative division: raion (44) + city under republic jurisdiction (11)
Population
population according to the latest census (1989): 3689,779
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 3620,756 / -; 2001: 3494,000 / -; 2002: 3475,600
population density: 53 per sq.km = 139 per sq.mi
population growth: -0,3% //; - doubling time: not applicable, declining population
birth rate: 10 - 13 per 1000
death rate: 6 - 13 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 10 per 1000
life expectancy: 69 years (male: 63; female: 75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 23% //; - 15-59 years: 62% //; - 60+ years: 15%
urbanisation: 67% //; - urbanisation growth: 1,2%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Lithuanian 81,4%; Russian 8,2%; Polish 7%; Belorussian 1,5%; Ukrainian 1%; other 0,9%
languages: Lithuanian (official); Polish, Russian
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 72,2%; Russian Orthodox 2,4%; Old Believer, Evangelical Lutheran
Health
daily food intake: 3126 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 250
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 90%
school enrolment: secondary education: 57%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 13%
adult literacy: 98,4% (male: 99,2%; female: 97,8%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Litas (plural: litai) = 100 centai
annual inflation rate: 75%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1350 per capita
GNI USD 2930 per capita //; - [ppp: 6980]
GDP growth: -3%
income: USD 2710 per capita
import: USD 4559 per capita //; - export: USD 3355 per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or 82% of GDP
trade partners: RU UA LV
human development index: 0,803 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 47
female labour force: 49%
unemployment: 13%
tourism: 1,2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 35% //; - grass land: 17% //; - wooded area: 28% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 6% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 32%
agricultural products: potatoes, barley, wheat, sugar beets, livestock, rye, flax, vegetables
livestock (1000s): cattle: 898 / goats: 25 / horses: 75 / pigs: 936 / poultry: 6000 / sheep: 14
fish catch: 19837 - 33594 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 26% //; - part of industry in GDP: 49%
industrial products: food processing, textiles, machinery, electronics, shipbuilding
mining products: limestone, peat, sand, gravel, clay, gypsum
CO2 emission per capita: 4,2
services: labour force: 67% //; - part of services in GDP: 19%
energy use (kg per capita): 2138
electricity use (per capita): 1769
annual water use (per capita): 1190
Traffic, communication
road network: 61329, or 68161 km //; - of which paved: 86% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 177 per 1000
railways: 2996 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1130
navigable inland waterways: 600 km
ownership telephone: 254 - 311 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 381 - 513 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 364 - 459 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 136 per 1000
persons per post office: 3680
personal computers: 65 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Juozapine kalnis 293,6 m, Kruopine 293,4; Nevaisiu kalnis 288,9; Budaklanis (A'zu'silis) 284,8; Pavi'stytis 282,4
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Druk` siai 45 sq.km, Dysnu 24, Dusia 23, Sartai 13, Luodis 13, Metelys 13
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Nemunas 475 km, Neris 234, Venta 161, 'Se'supe 209, 'Sventoji 246, Mu'sa (Lielupe) 146, Neve'zis 209, Minija 202, Merkys 190
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-22 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer