map of Liechtenstein; source: WR LIECHTENSTEIN

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Liechtenstein
country code ISO: LI //; - FIPS: LS
location: Central Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 160 sq.km = 62 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 47°16'14" N / South: 47°02'54" N / East: 9°38'08" E / West: 9°28'18" E
borders (land): total 76 km: in the east with Austria (35 km) and in the west with Switzerland (41 km)
borders (coastline): none
climate: mild continental
Government
independent since: 1719 ; 1806-07-12
type of government: principality
capital: Vaduz
administrative division: region (2) into commune (11)
Population
population according to the latest census (1990): 29,032
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 32,207 / -; 2001: 32,863
population density: 201 per sq.km = 521 per sq.mi
population growth: 1% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 11 - 13 per 1000
death rate: 6 - 7per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 0 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 5,5 per 1000
life expectancy: 78 years (male: 75; female: 83)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 19% //; - 15-59 years: 67% //; - 60+ years: 14%
urbanisation: 22 - 28% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Alemannic 88 - 95%; plus Swiss, Austrian, German, Italian, Turkic, Yugoslav minorities
languages: German (official); Alemannic dialect
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 79%; Protestant 8%; other 13%
Health
daily food intake: 3531 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: virtually 100%
people per physician: 714
people per hospital bed: 288
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0% [in this country there are no higher education facilities available]
adult literacy: 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Swiss franc = 100 Rappen
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD per capita
GNI USD 23000 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: -0,2%
income: USD 33000 per capita
import: USD 906 per capita //; - export: USD 1818 per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: EU and EFTA countries
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 38%
unemployment: 4%
tourism: 0,061 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 25% //; - grass land: 38% //; - wooded area: 19% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 2% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 9%
agricultural products: dairy products, grain, corn/maize, potatoes, timber
livestock (1000s): cattle: 5-6 / goats: 0,3 / pigs: 2-3 / poultry: 45 / sheep: 3
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 34% //; - part of industry in GDP: 32%
industrial products: chemicals, furniture, ceramic dentures, precision instruments, textiles, electronics
mining products: none
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 63% //; - part of services in GDP: 59%
energy use (kg per capita): 3126
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 323 km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 603 per 1000
railways: 19 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 26 km
ownership telephone: 573 - 609 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 384 - 669 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 343 - 469 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 581 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Vorder Grauspitz 2599 m, Schwarzhorn 2574, Naafkopf 2570, Falknis 2560, Falknishorn 2452
lowest point: 430 m (Ruggeller Riet)
lakes (natural): none
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): not applicable
rivers: Rhein (Rhine), Samina
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
some figures [e.g. economical] are not separately available, in that case they are combined with data of Switzerland
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-22 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer