map of Ireland; source: WR IRELAND [Éire]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Éire
country code ISO: IE //; - FIPS: EI
location: West Europe
time zone: 0 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 70285 sq.km = 27137 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 55° N / South: 51° N / East: 6° W / West: 11° W
borders (land): Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean, Celtic Sea, Irish Sea
climate: temperate maritime, and in general humid
Government
independent since: 1921-12-06
type of government: republic
capital: Baile Átha Cliath [Dublin]
administrative division: province (4) into county (26)
Population
population according to the latest census (1996): 3621,035; or: 3626,087
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 3797,257; or: 3794,000; 2001: 3828,000
population density: 54 per sq.km = 140 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,5% //; - doubling time: possibly close to 100 years
birth rate: 13 - 15 per 1000
death rate: 8 - 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 6 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 8 per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 74; female: 80)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 28% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 14%
urbanisation: 59% //; - urbanisation growth: 2%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 50%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Irish 97%; English 2%
languages: English, Irish Gealic (both official)
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 92%; Anglican (Church of Ireland) 2,3%; Presbyterian 0,4%
Health
daily food intake: 3622 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: virtually almost 100%
people per physician: 457
people per hospital bed: 301
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 43%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 13%
adult literacy: virtually 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: 100 cents (until 2002: Irish pound [punt] = 100 pence)
annual inflation rate: 3,5%
population below poverty line: 15%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 15000 per capita
GNI USD 22660 per capita //; - [ppp: 25520]
GDP growth: 6,5%
income: USD 11000 per capita
import: USD 35768 per capita //; - export: USD 48153 per capita
trade: USD 14305 per capita //; - or 139% of GDP
trade partners: GB US DE JP FR NL
human development index: 0,916 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 18
female labour force: 31%
unemployment: 4%
tourism: 6,7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 13,4% //; - grass land: 68% //; - wooded area: 4,6% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 13% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 11%
agricultural products: meat, dairy products, cereals, potatoes, vegetables, peat, fish, sugar beets, turnips
livestock (million): asses: 0,01 / cattle: 6,7 / horses: 0,07 / pigs: 1,8 / poultry: 11,8 / sheep: 5,4
fish catch: 285921 - 329496 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 18% //; - part of industry in GDP: 9%
industrial products: machinery, textiles, chemicals, food processing, brewing, crystals
mining products: gypsum, zinc, lead, natural gas, baryte, copper
CO2 emission per capita: 10,3
services: labour force: 69% //; - part of services in GDP: 80%
energy use (kg per capita): 3726
electricity use (per capita): 5011
annual water use (per capita): 233
Traffic, communication
road network: 92340, or 95835 km //; - of which paved: 94% //; - of which are motorways: 103 km
vehicles: 223 per 1000
railways: 1947 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1332
navigable inland waterways: 429 km
ownership telephone: 365 - 478 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 697 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 283 - 457 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 170 per 1000
persons per post office: 1860
personal computers: 359 - 405 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Carrauntoohill 1041 m, Cahir 973, Brandon Mt. 953, Percy's Table [Lugnaquilla] 927, Galtymore 919
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lough Corib, Lough Derg, Lough Ree, Lough Mask, Lough Conn
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Shannon, Blackwater, Boyne, Suir, Lee, Slaney, Nore
canals: Royal Canal
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Achill Island, Aran Islands
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-18 by Jan Lahmeyer
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