map of Iceland; source: WR ICELAND [Ísland]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Ísland
country code ISO: IS //; - FIPS: IC
location: European part of the Northern Atlantic Ocean
time zone: 0 UT
surface (land) area: 102829 sq.km = 39758 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 67° N / South: 63° N / East: 13° W / West: 25° W
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Northern Atlantic Ocean
climate: cool maritime
Government
independent since: 1944-06-17
type of government: republic
capital: Reykjavík
administrative division: distrikt (7); into syslur (22); into municipality (224)
Population
population according to the latest census (1994): 266,978
total population according to the estimate of midyearmidyear 2000: 276,365; 2001: 282,000
population density: 2,7 per sq.km = 7 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,1% //; - doubling time: 68 years
birth rate: 14,5 - 18,5 per 1000
death rate: 6,5 - 6,9 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 5,9 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): <1 per 1000
life expectancy: 79 years (male: 77; female: 82)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 25% //; - 15-59 years: 61% //; - 60+ years: 14%
urbanisation: 92% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 100%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Icelanders, descendents of Norwegian, Celts: 98%; Swedish 0,5%; Danish 0,4%
languages: Islenska [= Icelandic]
religious affiliation: Evangelical Lutheran 96% [according to other source: Evangelical Lutheran 89%; other: 11%]
Health
daily food intake: 3222 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 385
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 95%
school enrolment: secondary education: 65%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: virtually 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Króna = 100 aurar
annual inflation rate: 3,2%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 25680 per capita
GNI USD 30390 per capita //; - [ppp: 28710]
GDP growth: 1,8%
income: USD 21000 per capita
import: USD 1751 per capita //; - export: USD 1802 per capita
trade: USD 12592 per capita //; - or 53% of GDP
trade partners: US GB DE RU NO DK
human development index: 0,932 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 7
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: 2%
tourism: 0,3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0,1% //; - grass land: 23% //; - wooded area: 1,2% //; - arid land and desert: ca 70%
agriculture: labour force: 10% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 10%
agricultural products: fisheries, potatoes, dried hay, silage, turnips
livestock (1000s): cattle: 72 / goats: 0,4 / horses: 74 / pigs: 44 / poultry: 160-186 / sheep: 466
fish catch: 1736267 - 2210000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 19% //; - part of industry in GDP: 15%
industrial products: aluminium, processed fish, printing & publishing, metal products, wood furniture
mining products: geothermal energy, diatomite
CO2 emission per capita: 7,6
services: labour force: 70% //; - part of services in GDP: 75%
energy use (kg per capita): 11434 - 22757
electricity use (per capita): 23110
annual water use (per capita): 636
Traffic, communication
road network: 12691 km //; - of which paved: 25% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 464 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 556 - 677 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 590 - 950 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 285 - 447 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 515 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 392 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Öræfa-Jökull [Hvannadalshnjúkur] 2119 m, Bárðarbunga 2000, Kverkjöll 1920, Snæfell1833; Hekla (volcano) 1447
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Þingvallavatn (area 82 sq.km), Myvatn (38 sq.km)
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): Þingvallavatn (144m)
rivers: Þjórsá 230 km, Ölfusá 185
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: Glymur í Botnsá 190 m, Háifoss 122, Hengifoss 110, Seljalandsfoss 65, Skógafoss 62, Dettifoss 44, Gullfoss 32
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Heimaey
deserts: none
other natural features: geysers, hot springs: Strokkur, Stóri geysir // glaciers: Vatnajökull, Hofsjökull, Langjökull
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
volcanism, geysirs and glaciers; geothermal and hydroelectric energy
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-17 by Jan Lahmeyer
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