map of Finland; source: WR FINLAND [Suomi]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Suomi ; Finland
country code ISO: FI //; - FIPS: FI
location: Northern Europe
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 338144 sq.km = 130558 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 70°05'30" N / South: 59° 30'10" N / East: 31°35'20" E / West: 9°08'10" E
borders (land): Sweden, Norway, Russian Federation
borders (coastline): Baltic Sea: Gulf of Bothnia, Gulf of Finland
climate: cool continental
Government
independent since: 1917-02-06
type of government: republic
capital: Helsinki
administrative division: län, lääni (12)
Population
population according to the latest census (1995): 5116,826
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 5167,486; or: 5177,000; 2001: 5195,000
population density: 15 per sq.km = 40 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,3% //; - doubling time: not applicable: population is stable
birth rate: 12 per 1000
death rate: 10 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 6 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 6 per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 74; female: 81)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 19% //; - 15-59 years: 62% //; - 60+ years: 18%
urbanisation: 67% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 35%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Finn 93%; Swede 6%; Sami 0,1%; other 1%
languages: Finnish, Swedish (both official); Sami, Russian
religious affiliation: Evangelical Lutheran 86%; Finnish (Greek) Orthodox 1%; non-religious 12%
Health
daily food intake: 3180 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 84%
people per physician: 338
people per hospital bed: 110
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 84%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 33%
adult literacy: virtually 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cents (until 2002: markka = 100 penniä)
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 20580 per capita
GNI USD 25130 per capita //; - [ppp: 24570]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 24400 per capita
import: USD 30905 per capita //; - export: USD 40556 per capita
trade: USD 8852 per capita //; - or 66% of GDP
trade partners: GB DE RU SE
human development index: 0,925 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 10
female labour force: 48%
unemployment: 9%
tourism: 2,7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 8,5% //; - grass land: 0,3% //; - wooded area: 76% //; - arid land and desert: ca 10%
agriculture: labour force: 8% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 6%
agricultural products: silage, barley, oats, sugar beet, grains, potatoes
livestock (1000s): cattle: 1100 / goats: 8 / horses: 55 / pigs: 1295 / poultry: 7910 / reindeer: 196 / sheep: 99
fish catch: 196513 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 21% //; - part of industry in GDP: 34%
industrial products: timber, paper, pulp, high-tech, metal products, shipbuilding, wood processing, chemicals, textiles
mining products: copper, chromite, nickel, iron, silver, zinc
CO2 emission per capita: 10,3
services: labour force: 71% //; - part of services in GDP: 60%
energy use (kg per capita): 6461
electricity use (per capita): 14366
annual water use (per capita): 440
Traffic, communication
road network: 77894 km //; - of which paved: 63% //; - of which are motorways: 473 km
vehicles: 385 per 1000
railways: 5859 km //; - railways passenger/km: 2616
navigable inland waterways: 6675 km
ownership telephone: 547 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 966 - 1563 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 519 - 643 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 464 per 1000
persons per post office: 2850
personal computers: 396 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Haltitunturi 1324 m, Kahperusvaara 1138, Saana 1029
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Saimaa, Päijänne, Inarijärvi, Haukivesi, Oulujärvi, Pielinen, Keitele, Näsijärvi and many others
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Muoniojoki, Torniojoki, Ounasjoki, Kemijoki, Kitinen, Oulujoki, Kokemäenjoki
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Ahvenanmaa (Åland) and numerous other small ones
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-09 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer