map of Estonia; source: WR ESTONIA [Eesti]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Eesti
country code ISO: EE //; - FIPS: EN
location: Eastern Europe
time zone: + 2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 45227 sq.km = 17462 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 60° N / South: 58° N / East: 28° E / West: 22° E
borders (land): Russian Federation, Latvia
borders (coastline): Baltic Sea, Gulf of Finland
climate: cool maritime
Government
independent since: [1918-1940] ; 1990-05-08 ; 1991-08-20
type of government: republic
capital: Tallinn
administrative division: maakond (15) ; linna [city] (39) ; city without municipal status (8) ; rural municipality (202)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1989): 1572,916 //; - (2000): 1370,500
estimated total population of midyear 2000: 1369,000 ; 2001: 1366,723 ; 2002: 1361,200 ; 2003: 1356,000
population density: 30 per sq.km = 77 per sq.mi
population growth: -5% //; - doubling time: not applicable; declining population
birth rate: 9 per 1000
death rate: 14 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 14,5 per 1000
life expectancy: 70 years (male: 64; female: 76)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 23% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 17%
urbanisation: 69% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Estonian 65%; Russian 28%; Ukrainian 2,5%; Belarusian 1,5%; Finnish 1%
languages: Estonian, Russian
religious affiliation: Evangelical Lutheran 67%; Russian Orthodox 19%; Baptist 14%
Health
daily food intake: 3058 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 217
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 90%
school enrolment: secondary education: 45%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 14%
adult literacy: 99,7% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Kroon [EEK] = 100 senti
annual inflation rate: 53%
population below poverty line: 9%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2860 per capita
GNI USD 3580 per capita //; - [ppp: 9340]
GDP growth: 1%
income: USD 3830 per capita
import: USD 3197 per capita //; - export: USD 2074 per capita
trade: USD 850 per capita //; - or 150% of GDP
trade partners: RU BL UR LV LT FI SE DE NL
human development index: 0,812 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 44
female labour force: 49%
unemployment: 5%
tourism: 1,1 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 22% //; - grass land: 25% //; - wooded area: 43% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 12% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 26%
agricultural products: flax, rye, hay, potatoes, barley, fruits, vegetables
livestock (1000s): asses: / cattle: 267 / goats: / horses: 4 / pigs: 286 / poultry: 2500 / sheep: 28
fish catch: 111793 - 123873 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 32% //; - part of industry in GDP: 56%
industrial products: food products, chemicals, textiles, shipbuilding, electric motors, cement
mining products: oil shale, phosphorite, peat
CO2 emission per capita: 12,1
services: labour force: 57% //; - part of services in GDP: 18%
energy use (kg per capita): 3286
electricity use (per capita): 3435
annual water use (per capita): 2097
Traffic, communication
road network: 14922 - 16430 km //; - of which paved: 54% //; - of which are motorways: 64 km
vehicles: 125 per 1000
railways: 1024 km //; - railways passenger/km: 421
navigable inland waterways: 500 km
ownership telephone: 277 - 357 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 698 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 411 - 480 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 242 per 1000
persons per post office: 2550
personal computers: 153 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Suur Munamägi 318 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Peipsi järv (`'Cudskoje, Peipus) [total 3555 sq.km, of which in Estonia 1529], Vörtsjärv 271
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Narva Reservoir [total 191, in Estonia 38]
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Vohandu 162 km, Pärnu 144, Poltsamaa 135, Kasari, Narva
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Saaremaa (Ösel) 2671 sq.km, Hiiumaa (Dagö) 989 , Muhu 198, Vormsi ; in total 1521 islands
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer