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[Hrvatska] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Hrvatska
country code ISO: HR [HRV] //; - FIPS: HR
location: Southeast Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 56610 sq.km = 21857 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 56542 sq.km = 21831 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 46°33' N / South: 42°23' N / East: 19°27' E / West: 13°30' W
borders (land): total 2028 km: with Slovenia 501, Hungary 329, Serbia-Vojvodina 241, Bosnia-Hercegovina 932, Montenegro 25
borders (coastline): Adriatic Sea - Mediterranean Sea [total length mainland 1777 km; islands: 4058 km]
climate: temperate continental; and along the coast Mediterranean
Government
independent since: 1991-06-25
type of government: republic
capital: Zagreb
administrative division: kotar (21)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1991): 4784,265 //; - (2001): 4381,352, or: 4437,460
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 4282,216 /-; 2002: 4465,000
population density: 76 per sq.km = 197 per sq.mi
population growth: -0,9% //; - doubling time: not applicable, declining population
birth rate: 10 - 13 per 1000
death rate: 11 per 1000
fertility rate: 1,5 child per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 8 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 7 per 1000
life expectancy: 73-74 years (male: 69-70; female: 77-78)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 19% //; - 15-59 years: 63% //; - 60+ years: 18%
urbanisation: 55-58% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: ca 36%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Croat 78%; Serb 12%; Muslim 1%; Hungarian 0,5%; Slovene 0,5%; Italian 0,4%
languages: Croatian 96%; Serbian 1%; Italian 0,5%; Albanian 0,3%; Hungarian 0,3%; Slovene 0,3%
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 72% [88]; Orthodox 14%[4]; Sunnî Muslim 1,2%; Protestant 0,7%; other 12%
Health
daily food intake: 3181 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 63%
people per physician: 437 - 524
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 98% [FW 2001: 89%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 36%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 9%
adult literacy: 98% (male: 99%; female: 97%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Kuna (K) = 100 lipa
annual inflation rate: 86%
population below poverty line: 2%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2480 per capita
GNI USD 4540 - 4620 per capita //; - [ppp: 7960 - 10000]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 3250 - 5600 per capita
import: USD 7788 per capita //; - export: USD 4512 per capita
trade: USD 1500 per capita //; - or 65% of GDP
trade partners: SV YU IT DE RU AT BH
human development index: 0,803 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 46
female labour force: 44%
unemployment: 16 - 20%
tourism: 5,8 - 7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 24% //; - grass land: 36% //; - wooded area: 36% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 5% [FW 2002: 16%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 14% [FW 2002: 8%]
agricultural products: maize, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes, grapes, barley, plums, olives, fruits
livestock (1000s): asses: 4 / cattle: 427 / goats: 80 / horses: 11 / pigs: 1233-1290 / poultry: 11260 / sheep: 528 / turkeys: 710
fish catch: 19885 - 28062 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 42% [FW 2002: 30%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 50% [FW 2002: 30%]
industrial products: steel, aluminium, ammonia, detergents, plastics, machine tools, aluminium, chemicals
mining products: coal, bauxite, iron, natural gas & oil, lime, china clay (kaolin)
CO2 emission per capita: 4,5
services: labour force: 54% [FW 2002: 54%] //; - part of services in GDP: 36% [FW 2002: 62%]
energy use (kg per capita): 1864
electricity use (per capita): 2674
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 27378 km //; - of which paved: 85% [23792] //; - of which are motorways: 330 - 410 km
vehicles: 180 - 257 per 1000 // international license plate: HR
railways: 2425, or 2726 km //; - railways passenger/km: 962
navigable inland waterways: 785, or 918 km
ownership telephone: 269 - 365 per 1000 // international dialling code: +385
ownership radio receivers: 230 - 336 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 230-272 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 575 per 1000
persons per post office: 4010
personal computers: 81 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Dinara 1831 m, Kame'snica 1810, Sveti Jure 1762, Vaganski Vrh 1758, Ozeblin 1657, Bjelolasica-Kula 1533, Risnjak 1528
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Vransko 30,7 sq.km; Dubravsko 17,1; Prokljansko 11; the famous Plitvicka Jezera totals only 2 sq.km
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Peru'ca 13 sq.km; Vara'zdinsko 10
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Dunav (Danube, km of which in HR:) 188; Sava 562, Drava 505 (both tributaries to the Danube), Kupa 296
canals: none
waterfalls: possibly in the Plitvice National Park
caves: longest systems: Ðulin ponor - Medvedica 16,4 km; Mu'skina - Panjkova 'spilja 12,4 / deepest: unknown
islands: Krk, Cres, Bra'c, Hvar, Pag, Kor'cula, Dugi Otok, Vis, Mljet, Vis, Rab, Lo'sinj, etc.
deserts: none
other natural features: mountain passes: O'starijska vrata 928 m, Sveti Ilija 897, Kapela 887
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-30 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer