map of Belarus; source WR BELARUS

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Belarus
country code ISO: BY [BLR] //; - FIPS: BO
location: Eastern Europe
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 207595 sq.km = 80155 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 56° 10' N / South: 51° 16' N / East: 32° 47' E / West: 23° 11' E
borders (land): Russian Federation, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia
borders (coastline): none
climate: moderate continental
Government
independent since: 1991-08-26 [1990-07-27 ; proclamation 1991-08-25]
type of government: republic
capital: Mensk (Minsk)
administrative division: oblast (6); and these into rajon (100)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1989) 10199,709 //; - (1999): 10045,237
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 10366,719 //; or: 10005,000; 2001: 9955,000 //; 2002: 9925,000
population density: 48 per sq.km = 125 per sq.mi
population growth: -0,1% //; - doubling time: not appicable; deminishing population
birth rate: 11 - 15 per 1000
death rate: 13 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 13 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 20 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 12 - 17 per 1000
life expectancy: 70 years (male: 64; female: 75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 23% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 17%
urbanisation: 71% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Byelarussian 78% [81]; Russian 13% [11]; Polish 4%; Ukrainian 3% [2]; Jewish 1%
languages: Belorussian 70 [78]%; Russian 25%
religious affiliation: Belorussian Orthodox 60%; Roman Catholic 8%; Evangelical Protestant, Jewish, Uniate, Muslim
Health
daily food intake: 3136 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 219 - 224
people per hospital bed: 81
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 76% [84%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 10%
adult literacy: 99% (male: 99%; female: 99%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Zaichik [or: Belarus Rubel? (BYR)] = 100 kopecks
annual inflation rate: 335%
population below poverty line: 42%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2620 - 3117 per capita
GNI USD 1360 - 2870 per capita //; - [ppp: 5500 - 7550]
GDP growth: -1,4%
income: USD 3110 per capita
import: USD 5564 per capita //; - export: USD 4707 per capita
trade: USD 1000 - 6458 per capita //; - or 53% of GDP
trade partners: RU (CIS) UA DE PL IT US
human development index: 0,782 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 53
female labour force: 49%
unemployment: 2 - 3%
tourism: 0,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 45 [- 50]% //; - grass land: 15% //; - wooded area: 33 [- 39]% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 13-20% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 26% [PG 1998: 17% ; FW 2002: 11%]
agricultural products: flax, cereals, potatoes, dairying, pigs, peat
livestock (1000s): cattle: 4080 - 4326 / goats: 58 / horses: 215 / pigs: 3370 - 3566 / poultry: 30600 - 33000 / sheep: 92
fish catch: 450 - 7269 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 31-35% //; - part of industry in GDP: 56% [PG 1998: 54% ; FW 2002: 37%]
industrial products: electrical equipment, engineering, steel, chemical fibers, textiles
mining products: natural gas, coal, rock salts, potassium
CO2 emission per capita: 6,0
services: labour force: 50-51% //; - part of services in GDP: 18% [PG 1998: 29% ; FW 2002: 52%]
energy use (kg per capita): 2381
electricity use (per capita): 2704
annual water use (per capita): 205
Traffic, communication
road network: 63355, or acc. to other sources: 265600 km (66203) //; - of which paved: 89% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 68 - 145 per 1000 // international license plate: BY
railways: 5512 - 5590 km //; - railways passenger/km: 12505
navigable inland waterways: 1757 km
ownership telephone: 190 - 280 per 1000 // international dialling code: +375
ownership radio receivers: 311 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 265 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 187 per 1000
persons per post office: 2650
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Dzerzhinskaya 346 m, Lysaya 342
lowest point: in the SE corner where the river Dnyepr crosses the border with Ukraine and leaves the country
lakes (natural): Naroc' 79,6 sq.km; Osveyskoye 52,8; Chervonoye 40,8; Lukomskoye 37,7; Drivjaty 36,1
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Dnyepr 700 km, Pripyat 495, Sepadnaya Dvina 338, Neman 459, Sozh 493, Berezina 613, Ptich 421
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
since 1993 the total population is declining because of the huge emigration and strong ageing

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer