map of Azerbaijan; source WR AZERBAIJAN

[Azârbaycan, Azerbajdzan] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Azârbaycan
country code ISO: AZ [AZE] //; - FIPS: AJ
location: SW Asia; or in some other views SE Europe
time zone: +4 UT
surface (land) area: 86600 sq.km = 33436 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 42° N / South: 38° N / East: 51° E / West: 45° E
borders (land): Iran, Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Russian Federation
borders (coastline): Caspian Sea
climate: continental
Government
independent since: 1991-08-30, or 1991-10-18 (new proclamation)
type of government: republic
capital: Baki (Baku)
administrative division: rayon (59, or 65?) + city (11) + autonomous republic (1)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1989): 7037,867; (1999): 7953,000 [FW: 8016,200]
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 7748,163; or: 8049,000 //; or: ; 2001: //; or: 2002: 8172,000
population density: 84 per sq.km = 233 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,3% //; - doubling time: 50 years
birth rate: 19-22 per 1000
death rate: 5-10 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 96 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 21 per 1000 [FW 2002: 76]
life expectancy: 65 - 71 years (male: 59/67; female: 67/75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 33% [FW 2002: 27,6%] //; - 15-59 years: 58% //; - 60+ years : 9%
urbanisation: 57% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Azerbaijani (Azeri) 78-91%; Russian 3-8%; Armenian 2-8%; Lesghi 2%; Daghestani 3%
languages: Azerbaijani (Azeri), Russian, Armenian, Lesghi and those of the other minorities
religious affiliation: Shî'î Muslim 65%; Sunnî Muslim 28 [35?]%; Russian & Armenian Orthodox, Christian and other religions 7%
Health
daily food intake: 2191 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 78%
people per physician: 280
people per hospital bed: 110
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 90% [FW 2001: 80]
school enrolment: secondary education: 58% [FW 2001: 75-76%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 10%
adult literacy: 97% (male: 99%; female: 96%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Manat (A.M.) = 100 gopik (or: gepik)
annual inflation rate: 199%
population below poverty line: 68%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2450 per capita
GNI USD 600 - 710 per capita //; - [ppp: 2740 - 3010]
GDP growth: -7 - +11 %
income: USD 1670 per capita
import: USD 668 per capita //; - export: USD 547 per capita
trade: USD 400 - 4000 per capita //; - or 60% of GDP
trade partners: RU UA GE BY TR CH IT IL DE CZ KZ
human development index: 0,738 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 79 [source FW 2003: 89]
female labour force: 44%
unemployment: 1,5%
tourism: 0,7 - 0,8 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 18, or 48% //; - grass land: 25% //; - wooded area: 11% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 15-33% [FW 2002: 40%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 22-31% [FW 2002: 16%]
agricultural products: wine, timber, cotton, rice, fishing, grain, grapes
livestock (million): buffaloes: 0,3 / camels: 0,1 / cattle: 1,9 / goats: 0,5 / horses: 0,03 / pigs: 0,03 / poultry: 15-23 / sheep: 5,4-6
fish catch: 4700 - 18917 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 16-21% [FW 2002: 11%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 55% [FW 2002: 52%]
industrial products: petrochemicals, carpets, cement, aluminium, chemicals, textiles
mining products: oil and natural gas, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, salt, limestone
CO2 emission per capita: 4,9
services: labour force: 51-64% [FW 2002: 49%] //; - part of services in GDP: 14-26% [FW 2002: 32%]
energy use (kg per capita): 1575
electricity use (per capita): 1750
annual water use (per capita): 2248
Traffic, communication
road network: 24981, or 57770 km //; - of which paved: 94% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 33 - 41 per 1000 // international license plate: AZ
railways: 2123 km //; - railways passenger/km: 830
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 85 - 111 per 1000 // international dialling code: +994
ownership radio receivers: 23 - 160 per 1000
ownership tv sets: 212 - 259 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 28 per 1000
persons per post office: 4040
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Bazardüzü 4466 m, Kapydzik 3904, G'amis 3724, Babadag 3629, Dalidag 3616
lowest point: shores of the Caspian Sea 28 m below sea level
lakes (natural): Sarisu 67 sq.km, Aggel 56, Agzibirchala 37, Mehman 35, Mingäçevir Su Anbari
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Kura 1515 km, Aras 1072, Alazan (Ganikh) 413, Iori (Gabirri) 389, Samur 216, Terter 200
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Pirallahi 14,4 sq.km; Çilov 11,5 sq.km
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
differences may occur due to the use of several sources

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
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