map of Austria; source WR AUSTRIA

[Österreich] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Österreich
country code ISO: AT [AUT] //; - FIPS: AU
location: South Central Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 83858,1 sq.km = 32378 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 15° 01' N / South: 14° 34' N / East: 17° 10' E / West: 9° 32' E
borders (land): Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein
borders (coastline): none
climate: temperate continental, Alpine
Government
independent since: 1648
type of government: republic [since 1918-10-30]
capital: Wien (Vienna)
administrative division: Bundesland (9)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1991): 7795,786 // (2001): 8032,926 / or: 8065,466
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 8131,111 //; or: 8110,000 ; 2001: //; or: 2002: 8048,000
population density: 96,5 per sq.km = 250 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,4% //; - doubling time: not applicable, quite stable population
birth rate: 11-12 per 1000
death rate: 11-12 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 7 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 5 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 5 - 9 per 1000
life expectancy: 76 years (male: 72-74; female: 79-80)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 17% //; - 15-59 years: 62% //; - 60+ years : 20%
urbanisation: 65% //; - urbanisation growth: 0,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 40%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Austrian 93,4%; German 0,7%; Croatian + Slovene 2,5%; Turks 1,5%
languages: predominantly German [89%]; minorities: Croatian, Hungarian, Slovenian
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 74%; Protestant 5%; Muslim 4%; non religious 12%, other religions 5%
Health
daily food intake: 3531 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 230 - 241
people per hospital bed: 105
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 80%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 31%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cents (until 2002: Schilling = 100 Groschen)
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 20200 per capita
GNI USD 25220 per capita //; - [ppp: 26330]
GDP growth: 1,7%
income: USD 21000 per capita
import: USD 20000 per capita //; - export: USD 16000 per capita
trade: USD 11653 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: GE IT CH GB FR JP US NL HU CZ SI
human development index: 0,921 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 16
female labour force: 40%
unemployment: 6%
tourism: 18 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 18% //; - grass land: 24% //; - wooded area: 39% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 8% [PG: 7%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 3% [PG: 2%]
agricultural products: cattle, wheat, timber, wine
livestock (million): cattle: 2,2 / goats: 0,07 / horses: 0,08 / pigs: 3,4 - 3,7 / poultry: 11- 14 / sheep: 0,4
fish catch: 3706 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 28% [PG: 37%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 36% [PG: 35%]
industrial products: machinery and transport equipment, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, paper, food
mining products: iron ore, lignite, natural gas and oil, graphite, magnesite, zinc, lead
CO2 emission per capita: 7,9
services: labour force: 65% [PG: 56%] //; - part of services in GDP: 61% [PG: 62%]
energy use (kg per capita): 3513
electricity use (per capita): 6176
annual water use (per capita): 304
Traffic, communication
road network: 133000 km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 1633 km
vehicles: 500 per 1000 // international license plate: A
railways: 5625 - 5780 km //; - railways passenger/km: 7363
navigable inland waterways: 351 - 446 km
ownership telephone: 468 per 1000 // international dialling code: +43
ownership radio receivers: 584 - 753 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 497 - 527 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 465 per 1000
persons per post office: 3050
personal computers: 277 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Grossglockner 3797 m, Wildspitze 3774, Grossvenediger 3674, Hochfeiler 3509, Zuckerhütl 3507
lowest point: ca 160 m [east of Hainburg where the Donau (Danube) river leaves the country]
lakes (natural): Neusiedler See, Wörther See, Attersee, Traun (Gmundner) See, Milstätter See, Mondsee >
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown // > some more natural lakes: Bodensee (partly), Wolfgangsee, Ossiacher See
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Donau, Inn, Drau, Mur, Enns, Salzach, Raab, Traun, March
canals: unknown
waterfalls: Gastein 150 m; Gavarnie 422 (great seasonal variation)
caves: longest system: Eishöhle near Hallstatt ? / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features: mountain passes: Hochtor Grossglocknerstrasse 2504 m, Timmelsjoch 2474
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
the height of the mountain peaks [using several sources] differ a few metres; e.g. for Wildspitze also 3768 m is found
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Österreichisches Statistisches Zentralamt

back     Internet website:
Official site of Austria


Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
© 1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer