map of Yemen; source WR YEMEN

[Yamaniyyah] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Al-Yaman
country code ISO: YE //; - FIPS: YM
location: Southwest Asia
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 527970 sq.km = 203849 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 19° N / South: 13° N / East: 53° E / West: 43° E
borders (land): Saudi Arabia, Oman
borders (coastline): Gulf of Aden, Red Sea (both parts of Indian Ocean)
climate: arid and hot, temperature influenced by altitude
Government
independent since: 1918-12 ; 1990
type of government: republic
capital: San'â'
administrative division: muhafazah [governorate] (17) + city (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1994): 14587,807
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 17479,206; or: 17507,000 /-; 2001: 18078,035; or:18710,000
population density: 33 per sq.km = 86 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,3% //; - doubling time: 21 years
birth rate: 43 - 45 per 1000
death rate: 9 - 12 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 81 per 1000
life expectancy: 57,5 - 60 years (male: 56 - 58; female: 59 - 62)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 50% //; - 15-59 years: 46% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 25% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Arab 92%; Afro-Arab 3%; Indian 3%; Somali 1%; European 1%
languages: Arabic
religious affiliation: Muslim 99,9% (of which Sha'fi-Sunnî 53%; Zaydi-Shî'î 47%)
Health
daily food intake: 2087calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 39 - 69%
people per physician: 4211
people per hospital bed: 1788
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 76%
school enrolment: secondary education: 30%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2%
adult literacy: 43% (male: 69%; female: 23%) [later total figure found: 46%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Yemeni Rial = 100 fils
annual inflation rate: 22%
population below poverty line: 19 - 42%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 280 - 810 per capita
GNI USD 370 per capita //; - [ppp: 770]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 540 per capita
import: USD 2087 per capita //; - export: USD 934 per capita
trade: USD 141 per capita //; - or 83% of GDP
trade partners: RU GB ET SA US DE JP IT NL FR AU
human development index: 0,468 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 133
female labour force: 28%
unemployment: 25%
tourism: 0,075 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: 30% //; - wooded area: 8% //; - arid land and desert: ca 55%
agriculture: labour force: 63% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 22%
agricultural products: sorghum, potatoes, tomatoes, wheat, grapes, watermelons, bananas, onions, qat, coffee, cotton
livestock (million): asses: 0,5 / camels: 0,2 / cattle: 1,3 / goats: 4,3 / horses: 0,003 / poultry: 29 / sheep: 4,8
fish catch: 115654 - 123252 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 11% //; - part of industry in GDP: 26%
industry: labour force: 11% / - of GDP: 26% // CO2 emissions p.cap.: 0,9 // unemployment: 25%
industrial products: food processing, chemicals, oil
CO2 emission per capita: 0,9
services: labour force: 26% //; - part of services in GDP: 52%
energy use (kg per capita): 184
electricity use (per capita): 110
annual water use (per capita): 136
Traffic, communication
road network: 7264, or 64725 km //; - of which paved: 8 - 11,5% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 13 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 12 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 43 - 48 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 6 - 243 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 17 per 1000
persons per post office: 34000
personal computers: 2 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Jabal an Nabî Shu'ayb 3760 m, J. Nuqum 3400, J. Masar 3310, ? 3267, J. al-Hashâ 3227
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: mainly dry rivers (wâdîs), like: al Masîlah, Mawr, Zabîd, al Jîz, Aywat as Say'ar
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Suqutrá (Socotra) a.o.
deserts: southern part of the Arabian desert Rub' al-Khâli
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
some figures are not very recent, they are from the period before the unification of North and South
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-15 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer