map of Vietnam; source WR VIETNAM

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Viêt Nam
country code ISO: VN //; - FIPS: VM
location: Southeast Asia
time zone: +7 UT
surface (land) area: 331041 sq.km = 127816 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 23° N / South: 8° N / East: 109° E / West: 102° E
borders (land): Cambodia, Laos, China
borders (coastline): South China Sea
climate: north: relatively cool, south tropical
Government
independent since: 1945-09-02 ; 1954 ; 1976
type of government: republic
capital: Hà Nôi
administrative division: region (7) into province (50) + municipality (2) and capital (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1989): 64411,713
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 78773,873; or: 78523,000 /-; 2001: 79175,000; or: 79939,014
population density: 238 per sq.km = 616 per sq.mi
population growth: 2% //; - doubling time: ca 30 years
birth rate: 21 - 26 per 1000
death rate: 6 - 7 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 - 4 children per female
maternal mortality: 140 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 38 per 1000
life expectancy: 69 years (male: 67; female: 72)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 39% //; - 15-59 years: 54% //; - 60+ years: 7%
urbanisation: 20% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 21%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Vietnamese (Kinh) 87%; Hoa Chinese 2%; Meo 2%; Thai 2%; Khmer 1%; Muong 1%; Nung 1%; others: Man, Cham, Tay, Khome
languages: Vietnamese (official); Chinese, Tho, Khmer, Muong, Thai, Nung, Miao, Jarai, Rhadé, Hre, Bahnar, French, English
religious affiliation: Buddhist 67%; Roman Catholic 8%; Taoist, indigenous beliefs
Health
daily food intake: 2422 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 56%
people per physician: 2283
people per hospital bed: 380
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 57%
school enrolment: secondary education: 42%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 3%
adult literacy: 94% (male: 96,5%; female: 91%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: dong = 10 hao = 100 xu
annual inflation rate: 15%
population below poverty line: 51%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 200 per capita
GNI USD 390 per capita //; - [ppp: 2000]
GDP growth: 6%
income: USD 300 per capita
import: USD 3924 per capita //; - export: USD 2985 per capita
trade: USD 60 per capita //; - or 96% of GDP
trade partners: SG FR JP CN
human development index: 0,682 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 101
female labour force: 49%
unemployment: 7%
tourism: 2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 20% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 30% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 68% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 42%
agricultural products: rice, sugarcane, cassava, cashew nuts, fish, potatoes, soybeans, coffee, tea, corn/maize
livestock (million): buffalo: 3 / cattle: 4 / goats: 0,5 / pigs: 20 / poultry: 112-137 / [ducks 60?]
fish catch: 1200000 - 1550000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 12% //; - part of industry in GDP: 25%
industrial products: cement, fish sauce, food processing, garments, shoes, chemical fertilizer
mining products: phosphate rock, gold, coal, oil, tin, zinc, iron, antimony, apatite, salt, bauxite, gas, manganese, chromate
CO2 emission per capita: 0,6
services: labour force: 21% //; - part of services in GDP: 33%
energy use (kg per capita): 454
electricity use (per capita): 252
annual water use (per capita): 414
Traffic, communication
road network: 85700, or 106048 km //; - of which paved: 26% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 2,5 per 1000
railways: 2652 km //; - railways passenger/km: 2100
navigable inland waterways: 17702 km
ownership telephone: 11 - 27 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 95 - 109 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 47 - 182 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 8 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 9 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Fan Si Pan 3143 m, P. Si Lung 3076, Phu Luong 2983, Lang Cung 2913
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): a few ones
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Hong (Red River), Tien Giang (Mekong), Da Rang, Da (Black River) Ma, Ca, Chu
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Ðao Phu Quôc, Côn Ðao, Ðao Bach Long Vi
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Batin

back     Internet website:
Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-14 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer