map of Turkey; source WR TURKEY

[Türkiye] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Türkiye
country code ISO: TR //; - FIPS: TU
location: Eastern Mediterranean, Western Asia, SE Europe
time zone: -2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 779450 sq.km = 300948 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: north: 42 06 N / south: 35 51 N / east: 44 48 E / west: 25 40 E
climate: coastal regions: Mediterranean; interior: continental, mountainous
borders (land): Georgia 276 km, Armenia 325, Azerbaijan 18, Iran 529, Iraq 378, Syria 877, Greece 203, Bulgaria 269; total 2875 km
borders (coastline): Anatolian coast (Black Sea ): 6480, Thracian coast 786, islands: 1067; total 8333 km
Government
independent since: 1923-10-29
type of government: republic
capital: Ankara
administrative division: wilayet [=province] (80)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1990): 56473,035; (1997:) 62810,111; or: 62865,574
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 65666,677; or: 65239,000; 2001: 66493,970; or: 66921,000 //; or: 2002:
population density: per 85 sq.km = 22 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,5% //; - doubling time: 36 years
birth rate: 18-25 per 1000
death rate: 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 210 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 46 per 1000
life expectancy: 71 years (male: 69; female: 74)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 35% //; - 15-59 years: 58% //; - 60+ years : 7%
urbanisation: 75% //; - urbanisation growth: 4,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 24%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Turkish 85,7%; Kurdish 11%; Arabic 1,5%; other 1,8%
languages: Turkish (official); Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim ca 80%, Alevi (nonorthodox Shî'î sect) 20%, Christian ca 0,2%
Health
daily food intake: 3554 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 75-83%
people per physician: 867
people per hospital bed: 431
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 84%
school enrolment: secondary education: 46%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 11%
adult literacy: ca 85% (male: 94%; female: 76%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Turkish lira = 100 kurush
annual inflation rate: 76%
population below poverty line: 13%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2450 per capita
GNI USD 3100 per capita //; - [ppp: 7030]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 1820 per capita
import: USD 35707 per capita //; - export: USD 21599 per capita
trade: USD 586 per capita //; - or 40% of GDP
trade partners: DE US IT FR CIS GB
human development index: 0,735 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 82
female labour force: 38%
unemployment: 7%
tourism: 9,6 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 36% //; - grass land: 11% //; - wooded area: 26% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 47% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 18%
agricultural products: wheat, sugar beets, barley, potatoes, grapes, apples, seed cotton, maize, fruit, tobacco, pulses, citrus, olives
livestock (million): asses: 0,6 / buffalo: 0,2 / cattle: 11 / goats: 8 / horses: 0,3 / mules: 0,1 / pigs: 0,03 / poultry: 205 / sheep: 29
fish catch: 500260 - 575100 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 15% //; - part of industry in GDP: 34%
industrial products: refined petroleum, textiles, food products, transport equipment, electrical machinery, stell
mining products: chromium, copper, borax, coal, natural gas, bauxite, iron, pumice, celestite, antimony, mercury
CO2 emission per capita: 3,2
services: labour force: 39% //; - part of services in GDP: 48%
energy use (kg per capita): 1093
electricity use (per capita): 1396
annual water use (per capita): 585
Traffic, communication
road network: 62627 km //; - of which paved: 34% //; - of which are motorways: 1746 km
vehicles: 25 per 1000
railways: 8452, or 8671 km //; - railways passenger/km: 6385
navigable inland waterways: 1200 km
ownership telephone: 215-265 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 141-181 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 240-332 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 44 per 1000
persons per post office: 1970
personal computers: 38 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Büyük Agri dagi 5137 m, Uludoruk 4135, Buzul d. 4116, Suphan d. 4058, Kackar d. 3932, Erciyes d. 3917
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Van Gölü 3713 sq.km, Tuz G. 1500, Beysehir G. 656, Egridir G. 468, Aksehir G. 353, Iznik G. 298
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Atatürk Baraji 817 sq.km, Keban B. 675, Karakaya B. 298, Hirfanli B. 263
lakes (deepest):
rivers: Kizilirmak 1335 km, Firat (Euphrates), Sakarya, Murat, Dicle (Tigris), Seyhan, Göksu, Çoruh, Büyük Menderes
canals:
waterfalls: in the Eastern Anatolian Mountains, in the West Pamukkale is famous, although this is not really a fall
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: Gökçeada 279 sq.km, Marmara Adasi 117, Bozcaada 36, Uzunada 25, Alibey 23, Pasalimani 21, Avsar 21
deserts:
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

next    To the page containing estimates of the historical population growth statistics of the parts of the former Ottoman Empire

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Turkey Online

back     Internet website:
State Institute of Statistics


Latest modification of this page on 2004-01-12 by Jan Lahmeyer
© 1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer