map of Taiwan; source WR TAIWAN
general data of the country

 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): T'aiwan
country code ISO: TW [TWN] //; - FIPS: TW
location: Southeast Asia
time zone: +8 UT
surface (land) area: 36006 sq.km = 13902 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 36179 sq.km = 13969 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 26° N / South: 22° N / East: 125° E / West: 119° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): South China Sea, Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical monsoon
Government
independent since: 1945-10-25 ; 1949
type of government: republic
capital: Taibei (Taipei)
administrative division: area county (16), municipality (7) + 2 non-Taiwan area counties
Population
population according to the last two censuses: 1990: 20393,628 ; 2000: 22226,879
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 22191,087 /-; 2001: 22370,461 /-; 2002: 22521,000
population density: 614 per sq.km = 1589 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,8% //; - doubling time: 79 years
birth rate: 14 - 15 per 1000
death rate: 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 7 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 5 per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 74; female: 80)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 28% //; - 15-59 years: 63% //; - 60+ years: 9%
urbanisation: 75% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 12%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Taiwanese (Han Chinese) 84%; mainland Chinese 14%; Aborigine 2% (Ami, Atayal, Paiwan)
languages: Mandarin Chinese (official); Taiwanese, Min (dilaect from Fukien), Hakka, Ami and 10 other malayan-polynesian
religious affiliation: Buddhist 23%; Taoist 18%; Protestant 2%; Roman Catholic 1%; Confucian 1%; non-religious 48%
Health
daily food intake: 3101 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 714 - 900
people per hospital bed: 176
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 67%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 42%
adult literacy: 94% (male: 97%; female: 90%) [DK total: 96%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: New Taiwan dollar (NT$) = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: -0,1 / -0,2%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 12490 per capita
GNI USD 11600 - 12588 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: 7%
income: USD 8000 - 12000 per capita
import: USD 102554 per capita //; - export: USD 115724per capita
trade: USD 7395 - 7713 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: US JP CN DE KW SA KR
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 39%
unemployment: 3 - 5%
tourism: 2 million [DK: 19?]
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 13% [PG: 24%] //; - grass land: 11% //; - wooded area: 52% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 21% [PG: 11% ; FW 2003: 7%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 4% [FW 2001: 2%]
agricultural products: sugarcane, rice, citrus fruits, maize, pineapples, sweet potatoes, bananas, fish, vegetables, tea
livestock (million): cattle: 0,2 / ducks: 10,6 / geese: 2,8 / goats: 0,3 / pigs: 6,5-10,5 / poultry: 77-135
fish catch: 1040000 - 1290000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 30% [PG: 39%; FW 2003: 35%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 43% [PG 41% ; FW 2001: 31%]
industrial products: textiles, chemicals, electronics, fish processing, clothing
mining products: silver, coal, copper, marble, dolomite, gold, natural gas, limestone
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 49% [PG: 50% ; FW 2003: 58%] //; - part of services in GDP: 54% [PG: 56% ; FW 2001: 67%]
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita): 4946
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 20042 km //; - of which paved: 89% [31583] //; - of which are motorways: 350 km [Sun-Yat-sen highway: 608 km]
vehicles: 112 per 1000 // international license plate: RC
railways: 1104, 3879, or 4600 km //; - railways passenger/km: 8975
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 467 - 526 per 1000 // international dialling code: +886
ownership radio receivers: 402 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 327 - 342 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 188 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 83 - 159 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Yü Shan 3997 m, Hsüeh Shan 3931 (3884?), Kuan Shan 3715, Nanhuta Shan 3598
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: some relatively short rivers to drain the main mountain range: the Chung-ang Shan-mo
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Kinmen (Quemoy) , Lienkiang (among which Matsu), Penghu (Pescadores)
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
in some sources data of Taiwan are included in those of China (mainland)
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-27 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer