map of South Korea; source WR SOUTH KOREA

[Taehan ; Tai Han ; Han Kook] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Taehan Min'guk
country code ISO: KR //; - FIPS: KS
location: East Asia
time zone: +9 UT [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 99392 sq.km / 38375 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 43°00'35" N / South: 33°06'40" N / East: 131°52'20" E / West: 124°11'45" E
borders (land): North Korea
borders (coastline): East Sea [in most atlantes referred as: Sea of Japan], Yellow Sea
climate: 4 seasons with dry cold winters, hot humid summers
Government
independent since: 1948-08-15
type of government: republic
capital: Sõul (Seoul)
administrative division: province (9) + special city (6)
Population
population according to the latest census (2000): 45985,289
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 47275,000 /-; 2001: 46400,000
population density: 463 per sq.km = 1199 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,1% //; - doubling time: 76 years
birth rate: 15 per 1000
death rate: 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 26 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 10 per 1000
life expectancy: 75 years (male: 71; female: 79)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 26% //; - 15-59 years: 67% //; - 60+ years: 8%
urbanisation: 81% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 41%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Korean 99,9%
languages: Korean
religious affiliation: Buddhist 23%; Protestant 20%; Roman Catholic 7%; Confucian 0,5%; non religious 49%
Health
daily food intake: 3069 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 83%
people per physician: 735
people per hospital bed: 209
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 86%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 38%
adult literacy: 96 - 98% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Won = 100 chon
annual inflation rate: 5%
population below poverty line: ?%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 13590 per capita
GNI USD 8910 per capita //; - [ppp: 17300]
GDP growth: 4,7%
income: USD 6340 per capita
import: USD 150334 per capita //; - export: USD 129715 per capita
trade: USD 3546 per capita //; - or 73% of GDP
trade partners: JP US AU DE
human development index: 0,875 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 27
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: 4%
tourism: 5,3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 21% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 66% //; - arid land and desert: -%
agriculture: labour force: 18% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 8%
agricultural products: rice, fish, fruit, barley, vegetables
livestock (million): cattle: 2,1 / goats: 0,5 / pigs: 8 / poultry: 102 / sheep: 0,0014
fish catch: 2100000 - 2600000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 27% //; - part of industry in GDP: 45%
industrial products: chemicals, electronic & electrical goods, shipbuilding, transport equipment, textiles, clothing
mining products: tungsten, coal, iron, lead, zinc, gold, graphite, fluorite, magnesite, mica
CO2 emission per capita: 7,8
services: labour force: 56% //; - part of services in GDP: 47%
energy use (kg per capita): 3871
electricity use (per capita): 5160
annual water use (per capita): 299
Traffic, communication
road network: 55778, or 87534 km //; - of which paved: 76% //; - of which are motorways: 1550 km
vehicles: 49 per 1000
railways: 6456 km //; - railways passenger/km: 29292
navigable inland waterways: 1609 km
ownership telephone: 415 - 438 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 928 - 1037 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 321 - 361 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 405 per 1000
persons per post office: 13000
personal computers: 238 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Halla-san 1950 m, Kyebang-san 1577, Hambaek-san 1573
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): P'aro-ho
lakes (artificial reservoirs): some, among them Andong-ho and Ch'ungju-do are the largest
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Naktong, Pukhan, Han, Kum
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest: unknown
islands: Cheju-do, Chin-do and some smaller ones
deserts: none
other natural features: unknown
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2006-06-26 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2006 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer