map of Saudi Arabia; source WR SAUDI ARABIA

[al-'Arabiyya al-Sa'udiyya] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): al-'Arabîya as-Sa'ûdîya
country code ISO: SA //; - FIPS: SA
location: Southwest Asia
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 2248000 sq.km = 864000 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 32° N / South: 15° N / East: 56° E / West: 35° E
borders (land): Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen
borders (coastline): Persian Gulf, Red Sea (both parts of Indian Ocean)
climate: hot and arid
Government
independent since: 1932-09-23
type of government: monarchy
capital: ar-Riyâdh
administrative division: mintaqah [region] (13)
Population
population according to the latest census (1992): 16929,294, or: 16948,388
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 22023,506; or: 20723,000 /-; 2001: 22342,000
population density: 10 per sq.km = 25 per sq.mi
population growth: 5% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 37 - 42 per 1000
death rate: 6 -7 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 52 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 29 per 1000
life expectancy: 68 years (male: 66; female: 70)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 51% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 85% //; - urbanisation growth: 8%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 18%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Saudi 82%; Yemeni 10%; other Arab 3%; other 5%
languages: Arabic
religious affiliation: Muslim 96,7% (Sunnî 93,3%; Shî'î 3,4%); Christian 2,9%; other 0,4%
Health
daily food intake: 2888 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 95%
people per physician: 631
people per hospital bed: 435
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 76%
school enrolment: secondary education: 46%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 12%
adult literacy: 63% (male: 71%; female: 50%) [later total figure found: 82%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Saudi riyal = 100 halalah
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: 17%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 7240 per capita
GNI USD 7230 per capita //; - [ppp: 11390]
GDP growth: -1%
income: USD 7500 per capita
import: USD 23344 per capita //; - export: USD 42584 per capita
trade: USD 4606 per capita //; - or 66% of GDP
trade partners: US JP GB DE FR SG IT NL CH KS IN ES
human development index: 0,754 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 68
female labour force: 16%
unemployment: %
tourism: 4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 2% //; - grass land: 40% //; - wooded area: 1% //; - arid land and desert: 57%
agriculture: labour force: 49% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 7%
agricultural products: wheat, barley, dates, tomatoes, watermelons, potatoes, grapes, cucumbers, citrus fruits
livestock (million): asses: 0,1 / camels: 0,4 / cattle: 0,3 / goats: 4,3 / poultry: 130 / sheep: 7,6
fish catch: 46897 - 54085 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 14% //; - part of industry in GDP: 52%
industrial products: cement, steel, fuel oils, asphalt
mining products: natural gas & oil, gypsum, gold, limestone, marble, clay, salt, copper, iron
CO2 emission per capita: 14,4
services: labour force: 37% //; - part of services in GDP: 41%
energy use (kg per capita): 4204
electricity use (per capita): 4710
annual water use (per capita): 497
Traffic, communication
road network: 144676, or 162000 km //; - of which paved: 30 - 43% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 145 per 1000
railways: 1390 km //; - railways passenger/km: 139
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 96 -129 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 213 - 321 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 262 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 54 per 1000
persons per post office: 13900
personal computers: 60 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Jabal Sawdâ' 3133 m, Jabal al-Lawz 2403? - 2580?
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): none
rivers: some wadis
canals: none
waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: none / deepest:
islands: a few small ones
deserts: Rub ' al Khâli, Nafûd, Dhana, Najd
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-04 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer