map of Lebanon; source: WR LEBANON

[Lubnanija] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Lubnân
country code ISO: LB //; - FIPS: LE
location: Southwest Asia, Middle East
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 10230 sq.km = 3950 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 10400 sq.km = 4015 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 35° N / South: 33° N / East: 37° E / West: 35° E
borders (land): Syria, Israel
borders (coastline): Mediterranean Sea
climate: Mediterranean
Government
independent since: 1920-09-01 ; 1941-11-26 ; 1944
type of government: republic
capital: Bayrût (Beirut)
administrative division: governorate (6)
Population
population according to the latest census (1970): 2126,325
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 3578,036 / -; 2001: 3328,000, or: 3627,774
population density: 352 per sq.km = 911 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,6% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 20 - 30 per 1000
death rate: 6 - 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 39 per 1000
life expectancy: 71 years (male: 69; female: 74)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 36% //; - 15-59 years: 56% //; - 60+ years: 8%
urbanisation: 90% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 80%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Arab 93%; Armenian 4-6%; other 1%
languages: Arabic (official); French, English, Armenian
religious affiliation: Muslim 54% [of which Shî'î 34%, Sunnî 21%]; Christian 23%; Orthodox 11%; Druse 7%; other 3%
Health
daily food intake: 3285 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 476
people per hospital bed: 319
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 97%
school enrolment: secondary education: 50%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 28%
adult literacy: 80% (male: %; female: %) [other total figures found: 86 - 92%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Lebanese pound = 100 paisters
annual inflation rate: 17%
population below poverty line: 10%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3700 per capita
GNI USD 4010 per capita //; - [ppp: 4550]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 2000 per capita
import: USD 5990 per capita //; - export: USD 573 per capita
trade: USD 750 per capita //; - or 42% of GDP
trade partners: AS IT CH FR JP US TR JR KW
human development index: 0,758 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 65
female labour force: 30%
unemployment: 19%
tourism: 0,7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 29% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 8% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 14% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 8%
agricultural products: grapes, potatoes, tomatoes, oranges, cucumbers & gherkins, apples, citrus, olives, tobacco, vegetables
livestock (1000s): asses: 25 / cattle: 75 / goats: 445 / horses: 6 / pigs: 63 / poultry: 32000 / sheep: 380
fish catch: 3560 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 27% //; - part of industry in GDP: 21%
industrial products: clothing, food processing, aluminium & pharmaceutical products, jewellery, textiles, cement, oil refining
mining products: salt, gypsum, tin, lignite, iron ore, limestone
CO2 emission per capita: 3,9
services: labour force: 58% //; - part of services in GDP: 71%
energy use (kg per capita): 1280
electricity use (per capita): 1778
annual water use (per capita): 241
Traffic, communication
road network: 6359, or 7370 km //; - of which paved: 85 - 95% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 175 per 1000
railways: 222 km //; - railways passenger/km: 9
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 89 - 201 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 601 - 907 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 291 -375 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 135 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 50 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Qornet es Saouda 3087 m, Qornet el-Asharah 2903, Jebel Sannîn 2548
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lac du Qaraoun
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Litani, Barouk, Orontes
canals: none
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
due to the former civil war circumstances there are not always recent data available
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer