map of the Kyrgyz Republic; source: WR KYRGYZSTAN

[Kyrgyz Republic ; Kyrgyzston ; Qyrgyzston] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Kyrgyzstan
country code ISO: KG //; - FIPS: KG
location: Central Asia
time zone: +5 UT
surface (land) area: 198500 sq.km = 76640 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 42° N / South: 39° N / East: 80° E / West: 69° E
borders (land): Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
borders (coastline): none
climate: cold arid (mountainous regions), hot arid (lower regions)
Government
independent since: 1991-08-31
type of government: republic
capital: Bishkek
administrative division: province (6), city of republic subordination (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1999): 4822,938
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 4685,230; or: 4915,000 // -; 2001: 4968,000
population density: 25 per sq.km = 64 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,8% //; - doubling time: 44 years
birth rate: 26 - 29 per 1000
death rate: 7 - 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 31 per 1000
life expectancy: 64 - 68 years (male: 59 - 65; female: 68 - 73)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 39% //; - 15-59 years: 53% //; - 60+ years: 8%
urbanisation: 35% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Kyrgyz 65%; Uzbek 14%; Russian 13%; Dungani 1%; Ukrainian 1%; Uighur 1%; Kazakh 1%; Tajik 1%; Tatar 1%; other 3%
languages: Kyrgyz, Russian (both official)
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 70%; Christian (predominantly Russian Orthodox 6%); non religious 25%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 81%
people per physician: 320
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 95%
school enrolment: secondary education: 44%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 11%
adult literacy: 97% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Som = 100 tyiyn
annual inflation rate: 110%
population below poverty line: 51%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2250 per capita
GNI USD 270 per capita //; - [ppp: 2540]
GDP growth: -5%
income: USD 1550 per capita
import: USD 522 per capita //; - export: USD 409 per capita
trade: USD 30 per capita //; - or 81% of GDP
trade partners: predominantly CIS countries
human development index: 0,707 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 92
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: 6%
tourism: 0,07 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 13% //; - grass land: 69% //; - wooded area: 6% //; - arid land and desert: ca 10%
agriculture: labour force: 33% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 42%
agricultural products: grain, potatoes, vegetables, fruit, seed cotton, grapes, tobacco
livestock (1000s): camels: 47 / cattle: 932 / goats: 234 / horses: 328 / pigs: 88-105 / poultry: 3080 / sheep: 3264
fish catch: 48 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 28% //; - part of industry in GDP: 45%
industrial products: textiles, food processing, construction materials & cement, footwear & leather, small machinery
mining products: coal, antimony, pas, oil, tin, mercury, iron, uranium, zinc, gold
CO2 emission per capita: 1,3
services: labour force: 39% //; - part of services in GDP: 15%
energy use (kg per capita): 504
electricity use (per capita): 1512
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 18560, or 28400 km //; - of which paved: 91% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 33 per 1000
railways: 424 km //; - railways passenger/km: 131
navigable inland waterways: 466, or 600 km
ownership telephone: 77 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 113 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 45 - 247 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 11 per 1000
persons per post office: 4920
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Pik Pobedy 7439 m, Pik Dankova 5982
lowest point: possibly in the northernmost point where the river Chu leaves the country at an altitude of ca 600 m
lakes (natural): Ozero Issyk-Kul
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest):
rivers: Naryn, Kyzyl-Suu, Chu
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer