map of Jordan; source: WR JORDAN

[Urdunn] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Al Urdun
country code ISO: JO //; - FIPS: JO
location: Southwest Asia, Middle East
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 88946 sq.km = 34342 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 33° N / South: 29° N / East: 39° E / West: 35° E
borders (land): Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Israel, [Palestine]
borders (coastline): Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea - Indian Ocean)
climate: tropical arid
Government
independent since: 1946-05-25 ; 1949
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: 'Ammân
administrative division: muhafaza [governorate] (12)
Population
population according to the latest census (1994): 4095,579
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 4998,564; or: 4887,000 // -; 2001: 5300,000
population density: 56 per sq.km = 146 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,6% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 25 - 39 per 1000
death rate: 3- 5 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 34 per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 75; female: 80)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 51% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 74% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 37%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Arab 98% (of which half are Palestinian); Circassian 1%; Armenian 1%
languages: Arabic (official); English
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 93-97%; Christian 3-5%
Health
daily food intake: 2791 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 89%
people per physician: 625
people per hospital bed: 546
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 74%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 80% (male: %; female: %) [for total a later figure found: 90%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Jordan dinar = 1000 fils
annual inflation rate: 3%
population below poverty line: 12%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1510 per capita
GNI USD 1710 per capita //; - [ppp: 3950]
GDP growth: 1%
income: USD 1120 per capita
import: USD 3723 per capita //; - export: USD 1782 per capita
trade: USD 825 per capita //; - or 77% of GDP
trade partners: US IQ ID SA DE FR IN
human development index: 0,714 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 88
female labour force: 25%
unemployment: 16%
tourism: 1,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 4% //; - grass land: 9% //; - wooded area: 1% //; - arid land and desert: ca 80%
agriculture: labour force: 10% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 7%
agricultural products: fresh food and fruit; some grains and olives
livestock (1000s): asses: 18 / camels: 18 / cattle: 65 / goats: 640 / poultry: 23500 / sheep: 1896
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 26% //; - part of industry in GDP: 26%
industrial products: of some small importance are oil refining, cement, light manufacturing
mining products: phosphates, potash
CO2 emission per capita: 3,0
services: labour force: 26% //; - part of services in GDP: 26%
energy use (kg per capita): 1028
electricity use (per capita): 1207
annual water use (per capita): 173
Traffic, communication
road network: 5865, or 7133 km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 46 per 1000
railways: 618, or 677 km //; - railways passenger/km: 6
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 73 - 87 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 234 - 287 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 86 - 175 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 48 per 1000
persons per post office: 4190
personal computers: 23 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Jabal Ramm 1754 m, Rujm Tal'at al Jamâ'ah 1743, Jabal Mabrak 1727
lowest point: Dead Sea (at 408 m below sea level)
lakes (natural): Dead Sea, Wahat al Azraq
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): Dead Sea (?)
rivers: Jordan
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Ard as Sawwan (se), Syrian desert (ne)
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer