map of Japan; source: EA JAPAN

[Nihon ; Nippon] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Nihon ; Nippon
country code ISO: JP //; - FIPS: JA
location: East Asia
time zone: +9 UT
surface (land) area: 377835 [377880] sq.km = 145883 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 46° N / South: 21° N / East: 146° E / West: 122° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Sea of Japan, Pacific Ocean // length of coastline: total 33889 km; only of the main islands: 19240 km
climate: various maritime
Government
independent since: ca. 660 BC ; 1868
type of government: constitutional monarchy [empire]
capital: Tokyo
administrative division: region (9) into prefecture (46) and urban prefecture (2) and metropolis (1)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1995): 125568,504 ; (2000): 126925,843
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 126549,976 // -; 2001: 127056,000
population density: 336 per sq.km = 870 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,5% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 10 - 12 per 1000
death rate: 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 16 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 5 per 1000
life expectancy: 81 years (male: 78; female: 84)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 18% //; - 15-59 years: 64% //; - 60+ years: 17%
urbanisation: 79% //; - urbanisation growth: 2%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 22%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Japanese 99,1%; Korean 0,5%; Chinese 0,2%; other 0,2%
languages: Japanese; Korean, Chinese
religious affiliation: Shintoism and Buddhism 91%; Christian 1 - 8%
Health
daily food intake: 2874 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 96%
people per physician: 509
people per hospital bed: 76
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 96%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 31%
adult literacy: 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Yen = 100 sen
annual inflation rate: 1,4%
population below poverty line: 11%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 29640 per capita
GNI USD 35620 per capita //; - [ppp: 27080]
GDP growth: 2,9%
income: USD 26920 per capita
import: USD 349186 per capita //; - export: USD 410947 per capita
trade: USD 4617 per capita //; - or 18% of GDP
trade partners: US DE SK SG GB IN AU
human development index: 0,928 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 9
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: 5%
tourism: 4,8 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 12% //; - grass land: 2% //; - wooded area: 67% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 7% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 3%
agricultural products: rice, vegetables, timber, fish, sugar beets, fruits
livestock (million): cattle: 4,6 / goats: 0,03 / horses: 0,025 / pigs: 9,8 / poultry: 296 / sheep: 0,01
fish catch: 5176460 - 6690000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 24% //; - part of industry in GDP: 42%
industrial products: iron & steel, electrical-, electronic equipment, cars, ships, textiles, chemicals, machinery
mining products: copper, gold, sulphur, natural gas, coal, lead
CO2 emission per capita: 9,0
services: labour force: 69% //; - part of services in GDP: 55%
energy use (kg per capita): 4070
electricity use (per capita): 7443
annual water use (per capita): 735
Traffic, communication
road network: 1136346 km //; - of which paved: 73% //; - of which are motorways: 6400 km
vehicles: 283 per 1000
railways: 20134, or: 27327 km //; - railways passenger/km: 400058
navigable inland waterways: 1770 km
ownership telephone: 488 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 801 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 619 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 576 per 1000
persons per post office: 5090
personal computers: 315 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Fuji-san 3776 m, Kita-dake (Shirane-san) 3192, Okuhotaka-dake (Hodaka-dake) 3190, Aino-take 3189, Yariga-take 3180
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Biwa-ko 670 sq.km, Kasumiga-ura 168, Saroma-ko 152, Inawashiro-ko 103, Naka-umi 86, Kussharo-ko 79, Shinji-ko 79, Shikotsu-ko 78
lakes (artificial reservoirs): some small ones
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Shinano-gawa 367 km, Tone-gawa 322, Ishikari-gawa 268; and many shorter ones to drain the mountains
canals: unknown
waterfalls: Kegon 100 m
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
(main) islands: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku, Etorofu, Kunashiri, Okinawa, Nansei-shoto
deserts: none
other natural features: some volcanic activity and earthquake danger
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer