map of Cambodia; source: WR CAMBODIA

[Kampuchea ; Khmer] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Kampuchea
country code ISO: KH [KHM] //; - FIPS: CB
location: Southeast Asia
time zone: +7 UT
surface (land) area: 176520 sq.km = 68154 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 181035 sq.km = 69898 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 10° N / South: 15° N / East: 108° E / West: 103° E
borders (land): Thailand, Laos, Vietnam
borders (coastline): Gulf of Thailand
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1953-11-09
type of government: republic
capital: Pnom Penh
administrative division: province (18) [or: 20] + municipality (2) [or: 3 / 4]
Population
population according to the latest census: (1998) 11426,223 ; or: 11437,656
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 12212,306 ; or: 12021,000 /; 2001: 12350,000 /; 2002: 12487,000
population density: 67 per sq.km = 175 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,9% //; - doubling time: ca 35 years
birth rate: 33 - 43 per 1000
death rate: 11 - 15 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 138 - 166 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 96 - 116 per 1000
life expectancy: 51 - 57 years (male: 49 - 55; female: 52 - 59)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 35% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 16 - 21% //; - urbanisation growth: 3,6%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: ca 75%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Khmer 89 - 94%; Chinese 2 - 4%; Vietnamese 1 - 7%; Thai, Cham, Moi
languages: Khmer, French, Chinese, Vietnamese
religious affiliation: Theravada Buddhism 95% [FW: 88%]; Muslim 2%; other 3%
Health
daily food intake: 2078 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 13% [FW 2000: 30%]
people per physician: 25000 [DK: 3333]
people per hospital bed: 950
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 77% [FW 2001: 86%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 9% [FW 2001: 21%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1% [DK: 3%]
adult literacy: 75% (male: 85%; female: 65%) [FW 2000: m: 80%; f: 57%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Riel (CR) = 100 sen
annual inflation rate: 22 - 25%
population below poverty line: 36%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 193 per capita
GNI USD 260 - 300 per capita //; - [ppp: 1440 - 1970]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 200 - 270 per capita
import: USD 404 per capita //; - export: USD 219 per capita
trade: USD 25 per capita //; - or 40% of GDP
trade partners: RU EU TR JP US AU SG TH CN VN
human development index: 0,541 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 121
female labour force: 52%
unemployment: 3,5%
tourism: 0,3 - 0,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 17% //; - grass land: 3% //; - wooded area: 76% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 74% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 90%
agricultural products: rice, com, rubber, vegetables, fishing
livestock (million): buffalo: 0,8 / cattle: 2,9 / pigs: 2,1-2,6 / poultry: 15-23 [chickens 11-17, ducks: 3-6]
fish catch: 269100 - 298798 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 7 - 8% //; - part of industry in GDP: 6%
industrial products: iron and steel, rubber, wood products
mining products: salt, iron ore, phosphates, gemstones, manganese
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 18 - 19% //; - part of services in GDP: 4%
energy use (kg per capita): 52
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 64
Traffic, communication
road network: 13351; or: 35769 km //; - of which paved: 16 - 34% [1996] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 6 - 26 per 1000 // international license plate: K
railways: 601 - 612 km //; - railways passenger/km: 54
navigable inland waterways: 2400 - 3700 km
ownership telephone: 2 - 3 per 1000 // international dialling code: +855
ownership radio receivers: 124 - 150 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 7 - 9 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 4 per 1000
persons per post office: 328000
personal computers: 1 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Phnum Aôral 1771 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Tônlé Sap
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Mekong, Sab, Basak
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Kaôh Rûng, Kaôh Rûng Sâmlôen, Kaôh Kông
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-22 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer