map of Bangladesh; source WR BANGADESH

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Bangladesh
country code ISO: BD [BGD] //; - FIPS: BG
location: South Asia
time zone: +6 UT
surface (land) area: 130170 sq.km = 50259 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 147570 sq.km = 56977 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 26° 38' N / South: 20° 34' N / East: 92° 41' E / West: 88° 01' E
borders (land): India, Myanmar
borders (coastline): Bay of Bengal
climate: tropical monsoon
Government
independent since: (proclamation on 1971-03-26) 1971-12-16 of 1971-12-17
type of government: republic
capital: Dhaka (Dacca)
administrative division: division (4) into region (21) or zila (64) and thana/upazila (507) // municipalities 254 [2001-08]
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1991): 111455,185 //; - 2001: 123151,246
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 129194,224 // ; 2001: 131221,000 // ; 2002: 135684,000
population density: 920 per sq.km = 2382 per sq.mi [on land area: 999 per sq.km = 2586 per sq.mi]
population growth: 2,3% //; - doubling time: 30 years
birth rate: 41 [30] per 1000
death rate: 14 [11] per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 73 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 48 - 100 per 1000
life expectancy: 57 years (male: 57; female: 57)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 44% //; - 15-59 years: 52% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 24-26% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 30%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Bengali 98,8%, Bihari; tribal 1,1%; such as Chakma, Saontal, Marma
languages: Bengali; English and nearly 100 tribal dialects
religious affiliation: Islam (sunni) 88,3%; Hindu 10,5%; Buddhist 0,6%; Christian 0,3%
Health
daily food intake: 2050 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 84% [FW 2002: 97%]
people per physician: 4759 [PG 1999: 12500]
people per hospital bed: 3312
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 79% [FW 2002: 87%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 17% [FW 2002: 44%; DK 46%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 4% [DK: 7%]
adult literacy: 35% [DK: 41%] (male: 45%; female: 24%) [FW 2002: m 49% ; f 30%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Bangladesh taka (Tk.) = 100 paisa
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: 36%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 230 per capita
GNI USD 370 per capita //; - [ppp: 1590 - 1770]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 220 - 240 per capita
import: USD 2709 per capita //; - export: USD 2138 per capita
trade: USD 43-54 per capita //; - or 31,5% of GDP
trade partners: US JP IN CA KR CH SG WEU
human development index: 0,47 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 132
female labour force: 42%
unemployment: 36%
tourism: 0,2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 68-70% //; - grass land: 5% //; - wooded area: 14-15% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 57-59 [65]% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 30-36%
agricultural products: rice, jute, sugar cane, cattle, fish, timber, tea, wheat, tobacco
livestock (million): buffalo: 0,9 / cattle: 24 / ducks: 16 / goats: 34 / horses 0,05 / poultry: 153 / sheep: 1,1
fish catch: 924056 - 1660000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 10-13 [11]% //; - part of industry in GDP: 16-17%
industrial products: jute, textiles, sugar, glass, fertilizers, steel
mining products: natural gas, sand, lignite, limestone, ceramic clay, salt
CO2 emission per capita: 0,2
services: labour force: 28-34 [25]% //; - part of services in GDP: 48-52%
energy use (kg per capita): 139
electricity use (per capita): 89
annual water use (per capita): 220
Traffic, communication
road network: 193283 km //; - of which paved: 4-9% [19773] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 0,4 - 1 per 1000 // international license plate: BD
railways: 2706 - 2745 km //; - railways passenger/km: 4037
navigable inland waterways: 8046 - 8433 km
ownership telephone: 2,4 - 4 per 1000 // international dialling code: +880
ownership radio receivers: 67 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 7 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 6 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 1,5 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Reng Tlang 957 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Karnafuli Reservoir
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Padma (Ganges), Jamuna (Brahmaputra), forming Meghna, this splits into 4 mouths; Teesta, Surma, Kamaphuli
canals: unknown
waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: numerous islands in the delta (mouths of the Ganges)
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
due to a constant cycle of floods and famine Bangladesh is considered to be a "pitiful" country
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
At each census there is a possible underenumeration of 3-5%

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

back     Internet website:
Official site of Bangladesh


Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer