map of Bahrain; source WR BAHRAIN

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Bahrain
country code ISO: BH [BHR] //; - FIPS: BA
location: SW Asia, Middle East, in Persian Gulf
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 694,2 sq.km = 268 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 710,9 sq.km = 274,5 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: / South: / East: / West:
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Persian Gulf
climate: tropical, arid
Government
independent since: 1971-12-16
type of government: emirate (since 2002-02 constitutional monarchy?)
capital: Manama (Al-Manamah)
administrative division: region (10), town with special status (2) and some islands
Population
population according to the last four censuses: (1971): 155,000 /; - (1981): 258,600 /; - (1991): 508,037 /; - (2001): 650,604
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 634,137 //; or: 691,000 ; 2001: 641,000 //; or: 2002: 698,000
population density: 994 per sq.km = 2578 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,2% //; - doubling time: 32 years
birth rate: 27 per 1000
death rate: 5 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 12 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 16 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 13 - 32 per 1000
life expectancy: 73 years (male: 71; female: 76)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 33% //; - 15-59 years: 64% //; - 60+ years: 3%
urbanisation: 83-92% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Bahraini Arabi 68-70%; Persian, Indian and Pakistani 24-25%; other Arab 4%; European 2-3%
languages: Arabic, English
religious affiliation: Islam 82% [of which Shî'î 57%; Sunnî 25%]; Christian 8%; other 10%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 907
people per hospital bed: 351
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 62% [2001: 81%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 25%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1-%
adult literacy: 70% (male: 77%; female: 59%) [2001: m 91% / f 83%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Bahrain dinar (BD) = 1000 fils
annual inflation rate: -0,1% [1990-2001: 0,8%]
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3700 per capita
GNI USD 11130 - 13700 per capita //; - [ppp: 16190]
GDP growth: 2% [2001: +3,5%]
income: USD 7640 per capita
import: USD 3625 per capita //; - export: USD 4092 per capita
trade: USD 14094 per capita //; - or 130% of GDP
trade partners: US JP AU GB DE SA KR IN
human development index: 0,824 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 40
female labour force: 20%
unemployment: 2-6% (unofficial more than 15%)
tourism: 1,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: 6% //; - wooded area: 0% //; - arid land and desert: > 80%
agriculture: labour force: 3% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 1%
agricultural products: fishing, fruit, vegetables
livestock (1000s): asses: / camels: 1 / cattle: 11 / goats: 16 / horses: / poultry: 465 / sheep: 16,3 - 17,5
fish catch: 10500 - 11730 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 14% //; - part of industry in GDP: 42%
industrial products: oil products, aluminium
mining products: crude petroleum, natural gas
CO2 emission per capita: 29,1
services: labour force: 83% //; - part of services in GDP: 57%
energy use (kg per capita): 9000 - 10268
electricity use (per capita): 8025
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 2835 km //; - of which paved: 78% [2531] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 182 - 255 per 1000 // international license plate: BRN
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 242 - 267 per 1000 // international dialling code: +973
ownership radio receivers: 542 - 555 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 442 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 128 per 1000
persons per post office: 48100
personal computers: 139 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Jabal ad-Dukhân 134 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): a nameless one in the SW part of the country found in sources at the disposal of the compiler
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: none
canals: none
waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Jazîrat al-Muharra, Umm al Na'sân, Sitrah // the state of Bahrain consists of an archipelago of 33 islands
deserts: at the edge of Arabian desert
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer