UNITED STATES OF AMERICA : general data
map of the United States of America [without Alaska & Hawaii]; source EA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

[USA] : general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): United States ; United States of America
country code ISO: US //; - FIPS: US
location: North America
time zones: from -5 to -10 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 9166600 sq.km = 3539224 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 9372610 sq.km = 3618760 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 71° N / South: 19° N / East: 67° W / West: 161° W
borders (land): Canada, Mexico
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico , Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean
climate: a full range of climates
Government
independent since: 1776-07-04
type of government: republic
capital: Washington, DC
administrative division: state (50)
Population
population according to the latest census (2000): 281421,906
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 275562,673; or: 281550,000 / -; 2001: 278058,881; or: 283955,000
population density: 30 per sq.km = 78 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,9% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 14 - 15 per 1000
death rate: 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 9 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 10 per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 74; female: 80)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 21% //; - 15-59 years: 62% //; - 60+ years: 17%
urbanisation: 77% //; - urbanisation growth: 1,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 15%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: non-Hispanic white 75%; non-Hispanic black 12%; Hispanic 10%; Asian/Pacific islanders 3,3%; American Indian and Eskimo 0,7%
languages: English (official); Spanish
religious affiliation: Christian 85% (of which Protestant: 57%; Roman Catholic: 22%); Jewish 2%; Orthodox 2%; Muslim 2%; non-religious 10%
Health
daily food intake: 3757 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 365
people per hospital bed: 250
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 88%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 60%
adult literacy: 91% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: US dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: 16%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 27000 per capita
GNI USD 34100 per capita //; - [ppp: 34100]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 22560 per capita
import: USD 817627 per capita //; - export: USD 622784 per capita
trade: USD 3922 per capita //; - or 21% of GDP
trade partners: CA JP DE MX GB FR IT NL BE VE BR AU CH ES TW CN PH SE PE IN
human development index: 0,934 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 6
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: 4%
tourism: 51 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 21% //; - grass land: 26% //; - wooded area: 32% //; - arid land and desert: ca 15%
agriculture: labour force: 3% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 2%
agricultural products: cereals, cotton, tobacco, soya beans, fruit, potatoes, oilseeds, sugar cane
livestock (million): cattle: 98 / goats: 1,35 / horses: 5,2 / pigs: 59 / poultry: 1823 / sheep: 7
fish catch: 5450000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 18% //; - part of industry in GDP: 29%
industrial products: iron & steel, vehicles, chemicals, telecommunications, aeronautics & space, food products
mining products: oil & natural gas, coal, copper, lead, iron ore, zinc, molybdenum, silver, gold, phosphates, bauxite, uranium >
CO2 emission per capita: 19,8 // some more mining products: mercury, nickel, potash, tungsten
services: labour force: 76% //; - part of services in GDP: 69%
energy use (kg per capita): 8159
electricity use (per capita): 11994
annual water use (per capita): 1870
Traffic, communication
road network: 6370000 km //; - of which paved: 91% //; - of which are motorways: 89203 km
vehicles: 570 per 1000
railways: 161817, or: 270312 km //; - railways passenger/km: 22365
navigable inland waterways: 41009, or 41485 km
ownership telephone: 626 - 682 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 1976 - 2146 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 780 - 847 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 228 per 1000
persons per post office: 5300
personal computers: 585 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mt. McKinley 6194 m, Mt. St. Elias 5489, Mt. Foraker 5304, Mt. Bona 5005, Mt. Blackburn 4994, Mt. Sanford 4949 >
> Mt. Fairweather 4663, Mt. Bear 4520, Mt. Whitney 4418, Mt. Elbert 4399, Mt. Rainier 4392, Mt. Shasta 4317, Wrangell 4317 >
> Pikes Peak 4301, Mauna Kea 4205, Mauna Loa 4169 / for more mountains see the separate files per state
lowest point: 86 m below sea level: Death Valley
lakes (natural): Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, Great Salt Lake
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Lake Mead, Lake Powell, Lake Sakakawea, Lake Ohae, Lake Cumberland an lots more
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Mississippi/Missouri, Yukon, St.Lawrence, Rio Grande, Arkansas, Colorado, Atchafalaya, Ohio, Red, Brazos, Columbia >
canals: Welland Canal // some more rivers: Snake, Platte
waterfalls: Yosemite 739 m, Ribbon, Silver Strand, Feather, Bridaveil, Multnomah
caves: longest system: Carlsbad Caverns / deepest: Mammoth Cave
islands: Hawaii, Aleutian Islands
deserts: Mojave, Death Valley, Great Basin
other natural features: canyons, geysers, glaciers, large trees, rain forests, volcanoes
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
no further particulars concerning population data

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next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the states

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down    To the files containing historical population statistics of all counties and of some important cities - seperately per state of the USA

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back     Internet website:
official governmental website of the USA

back     Internet website:
U.S. Census Bureau


Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-13 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer