map of Uruguay; source WR URUGUAY

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Uruguay
country code ISO: UY //; - FIPS: UY
location: Southern South America
time zone: -3 UT
surface (land) area: 176215 sq.km = 68037 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 177410 sq.km = 68498 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 30° S / South: 35° S / East: 53° W / West: 58° W
borders (land): Argentina, Brazil
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: temperate maritime subtropical
Government
independent since: 1828-08-25
type of government: republic
capital: Montevideo
administrative division: departamento (19)
Population
population according to the latest census (1996): 3139,376
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 3334,074; or: 3337,000 /-; 2001: 3342,000; or: 3360,105
population density: 19 per sq.km = 49 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,7% //; - doubling time: 90 years
birth rate: 17 - 18 per 1000
death rate: 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 38 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 19 per 1000
life expectancy: 75 years (male: 72; female: 79)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 26% //; - 15-59 years: 58% //; - 60+ years: 17%
urbanisation: 91% //; - urbanisation growth: 1%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 52%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: white 86% (mostly Spanish, Italian, or mixed Spanish/Italian); mestizo 8%; mulatto or black 6%
languages: Spanish
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 66%; Protestant 4,6%; Jewish 0,8%; nonreligious or atheist 31,2%
Health
daily food intake: 2866 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 89 - 98%
people per physician: 263
people per hospital bed: 488
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 77%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 50%
adult literacy: 95 - 97% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Peso uruguayo = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 31%
population below poverty line: 4%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 9200 per capita
GNI USD 6000 per capita //; - [ppp: 8880]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 2850 per capita
import: USD 2866 per capita //; - export: USD 2117 per capita
trade: USD 1032 per capita //; - or 29% of GDP
trade partners: BR AR US DE CIS-countries
human development index: 0,828 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 37
female labour force: 42%
unemployment: 14%
tourism: 2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 7% //; - grass land: 77% //; - wooded area: 4% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 15% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 10%
agricultural products: rice, wheat, sugarcane, barley, potatoes, oranges, maize, sunflower seed, sorghum
livestock (million): cattle: 10,8 / goats: 0,015 / horses: 0,5 / pigs: 0,38 / poultry: 13,3 / sheep: 13
fish catch: 103000 - 136912 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 18% //; - part of industry in GDP: 32%
industrial products: meat processing, food products & beverages, chemicals, textiles, tobacco products, wine, wool & hides
mining products: gypsum, agate, amethyst, gold, iron
CO2 emission per capita: 1,8
services: labour force: 67% //; - part of services in GDP: 58%
energy use (kg per capita): 976
electricity use (per capita): 1871
annual water use (per capita): 241
Traffic, communication
road network: 52000 km //; - of which paved: 14, or 90% //; - of which are motorways: 2484 km
vehicles: 116 per 1000
railways: 2073, or 3002 km //; - railways passenger/km: 141
navigable inland waterways: 1250, or 1600 km
ownership telephone: 199 - 271 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 586 - 612 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 191 - 310 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 237 per 1000
persons per post office: 10600
personal computers: 105 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Cerro Catedral 513 m, Cerro Ventana 420, Cerro Colorado (?) 299
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lagoa Mirim
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Embalse de Río Negro, Embalse de Salto Grande
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Uruguay, Negro
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-13 by Jan Lahmeyer
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