map of Paraguay; source: WR PARAGUAY

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Paraguay
country code ISO: PY //; - FIPS: PA
location: Central South America
time zone: -4 UT
surface (land) area: 406752 sq.km = 157408 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 19° S / South: 27° S / East: 54° W / West: 63° W
borders (land): Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina
borders (coastline): none
climate: subtropical
Government
independent since: 1811-05-14
type of government: republic
capital: Asunción
administrative division: región (2) ; departamento (18)
Population
population according to the latest census (1992): 4152,588
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 5585,828; or: 5496,000 -; 2001: 5291,000, or 5734,139
population density: 13,5 per sq.km = 35 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 26 years
birth rate: 31 - 35 per 1000
death rate: 5 -6 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 380 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 47 per 1000
life expectancy: 74 years (male: 71; female: 77)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 40% //; - 15-59 years: 55% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 56% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 44%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: mestizo (Spanish-Guaraní) 90,8%; Amerindian 3%; German 1,7%; other 4,5%
languages: Spanish 60% (official); Guaraní 40%
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 88%; Protestant 5%; other 7%
Health
daily food intake: 2577 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 39 - 79%
people per physician: 1400
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 98%
school enrolment: secondary education: 25%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 8%
adult literacy: 92% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Guaraní = 100 céntimos
annual inflation rate: 12,5%
population below poverty line: 22%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3980 per capita
GNI USD 1440 per capita //; - [ppp: 4450]
GDP growth: -0,4%
income: USD 1210 per capita
import: USD 3136 per capita //; - export: USD 820 per capita
trade: USD 447 per capita //; - or 40% of GDP
trade partners: BR AG US NL DZ CH
human development index: 0,738 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 80
female labour force: 30%
unemployment: 8%
tourism: 0,3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 6% //; - grass land: 53% //; - wooded area: 35% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 49% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 22%
agricultural products: sugarcane, cassava, soybeans, maize, seed cotton, oranges, bananas, cotton
livestock (million): cattle: 9,8 / goats: 0,1 / horses: 0,4 / pigs: 2,7 / poultry: 15-25 / sheep: 0,4
fish catch: 25000 - 28000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 21% //; - part of industry in GDP: 24%
industrial products: food products, wood products, handicrafts, textiles, cement
mining products: iron, manganese, limestone, kaolin, gypsum
CO2 emission per capita: 0,9
services: labour force: 31% //; - part of services in GDP: 54%
energy use (kg per capita): 773
electricity use (per capita): 789
annual water use (per capita): 109
Traffic, communication
road network: 23606, or 29500 km //; - of which paved: 10% //; - of which are motorways: 705 km [Pan American Highway]
vehicles: 35 per 1000
railways: 441, or: 970 km //; - railways passenger/km: 2
navigable inland waterways: 3100 km
ownership telephone: 34 - 55 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 141 - 182 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 101 - 144 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 42 per 1000
persons per post office: 15000
personal computers: 13 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Cerro León 1000 m
lowest point: ca 58 m, at the merging of the Paraguay and Paraná in the southern tip of the country
lakes (natural): Laguna Vera
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Represa de Acaray, Represa de Itaipú (on the border with Brazil)
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Paraguay, Paraná, Pilcomayo
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-01 by Jan Lahmeyer
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