map of Honduras; source: WR HONDURAS

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Honduras
country code ISO: HN //; - FIPS: HO
location: Central America
time zone: -5 UT
surface (land) area: 112090 sq.km = 43278 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 16° N / South: 13° N / East: 83° W / West: 89° W
borders (land): Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua
borders (coastline): Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean), Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1821-09-15 (proclaimed) ; 1838-10-26 (effective)
type of government: republic
capital: Tegucigalpa
administrative division: departamento (18)
Population
population according to the latest census (1988): 4376,839
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 6249,598 /or:/ 6417,000 /or:/ 6597,100 // - ; 2001: 6575,000
population density: 58 per sq.km = 150 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,3% //; - doubling time: 24 years
birth rate: 32 - 37 per 1000
death rate: 5 -7 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 50 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 57 per 1000
life expectancy: 66 - 69 years (male: 64 - 68; female: 68 - 71)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 53% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 33%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mestizo 90%; Amerindian 7%; black 2%; white 1%
languages: Spanish, Black Carib (Garifuna)
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 86,7%; Protestant 10,5%; other 2,8%
Health
daily food intake: 2343 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 65%
people per physician: 3090
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 89%
school enrolment: secondary education: 21%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 8%
adult literacy: 73% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Lempira = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 19%
population below poverty line: 53%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 600 per capita
GNI USD 860 per capita //; - [ppp: 2400]
GDP growth: 0,4%
income: USD 570 per capita
import: USD 1727 per capita //; - export: USD 656 per capita
trade: USD 321 per capita //; - or 71% of GDP
trade partners: US VE DE MX JP BE
human development index: 0,634 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 107
female labour force: 32%
unemployment: 4%
tourism: 0,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 16% //; - grass land: 23% //; - wooded area: 29% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 60% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 22%
agricultural products: timber (hardwoods), bananas, coffee, cotton, flowers, [citrus] fruit
livestock (1000s): cattle: 1780 / goats: 31 / horses: 179 / mules: 70 / pigs: 470 / poultry: 17300 / sheep: 14
fish catch: 7215 - 23585 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 16% //; - part of industry in GDP: 27%
industrial products: textiles, wood products
mining products: lead, zinc, silver, gold, copper, iron, antimony, coal
CO2 emission per capita: 0,8
services: labour force: 23% //; - part of services in GDP: 51%
energy use (kg per capita): 522
electricity use (per capita): 449
annual water use (per capita): 294
Traffic, communication
road network: 11371, or 15100 km //; - of which paved: 20% //; - of which are motorways: 243 km [Pan American highway]
vehicles: 7 per 1000
railways: 955, or: 988 km //; - railways passenger/km: 8
navigable inland waterways: 465 km
ownership telephone: 29 - 44 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 337 - 386 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 90 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 44 per 1000
persons per post office: 12700
personal computers: 11 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Cerro Las Minas 2849 m, Santa Bárbara 2744, Sierra de Agalta 2590, Cerro El Homo 2470
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago de Yojoa
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Represa el Cajón
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Coco, Alúa, Chamelecón, Aguán, Río Sico, Patuca, Goascorán, Choluteca
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Islas de la Bahía
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
if there is a range between the figures, the differences are due to the use of several sources
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-16 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer