map of Guatemala; source: WR GUATEMALA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Guatemala
country code ISO: GT //; - FIPS: GT
location: Central America
time zone: -6 UT
surface (land) area: 108889 sq.km = 42042 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 18° N / South: 14° N / East: 88° W / West: 92° W
borders (land): Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador
borders (coastline): Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean), Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical, with variations according to altitude
Government
independent since: 1821-09-15 ; 1838
type of government: republic
capital: Ciudad de Guatemala (Guatemala City)
administrative division: departamento (22)
Population
population according to the latest census (1994): 8331,874
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 12639,939; or: 11385,000 // -; 2001: 12974,361
population density: 116 per sq.km = 300 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 24 years
birth rate: 35 - 39 per 1000
death rate: 7 - 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 110 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 48 per 1000
life expectancy: 64 - 66 years (male: 62 - 64; female: 67 - 69)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 40% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 36%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mayaquiche Indian 55 - [44] %, Ladino (Mestizo) 42 - [56] %
languages: Spanish 40%; plus some twenty Indian dialects, predominantly Mayan
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 76%; Protestant 22%; traditional Mayan
Health
daily food intake: 2159 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 67 - 92%
people per physician: 2180
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 20%
school enrolment: secondary education: 5%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 4%
adult literacy: 57% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Quetzal = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 10%
population below poverty line: 58%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1340 per capita
GNI USD 1680 per capita //; - [ppp: 3770]
GDP growth: 1,4%
income: USD 930 per capita
import: USD 3293 per capita //; - export: USD 1936 per capita
trade: USD 286 per capita //; - or 39% of GDP
trade partners: US ES VE CR JP DE
human development index: 0,626 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 108
female labour force: 28%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,8 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 17% //; - grass land: 13% //; - wooded area: 35% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 50% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 26%
agricultural products: coffee, bananas, sugar, cardemom, corn
livestock (million): cattle: 2,5 / goats: 0,1 / horses: 0,1 / pigs: 1,4 / poultry: 34 / sheep: 0,6
fish catch: 11303 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 12% //; - part of industry in GDP: 20%
industrial products: petroleum, iron, furniture, rubber, sugar, chemicals, textiles
mining products: natural oil, antimony, tungsten, lead, nickel, copper
CO2 emission per capita: 0,9
services: labour force: 38% //; - part of services in GDP: 54%
energy use (kg per capita): 548
electricity use (per capita): 341
annual water use (per capita): 139
Traffic, communication
road network: 13352 km //; - of which paved: 28% //; - of which are motorways: 519 km (Pan American highway)
vehicles: 27 per 1000
railways: 884 km //; - railways passenger/km: 13; or: 612
navigable inland waterways: 260; or: 990 km
ownership telephone: 27 - 55 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 52 - 79 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 45 - 122 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 23 - 29 per 1000
persons per post office: 19700
personal computers: 11 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Vulcán Tajamulco 4220 m, Vulcán Tacaná 4093, Vulcán de Acatenango 3976, Vulcán Santa María 3789
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago de Izabal, Lago Peten Itzá, Lago de Atitlán
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none; or: unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Motagua, Chixoy, Usumacinta
canals: none; or: unknown
waterfalls: none; or: unknown
caves: longest system: none; or: unknown / deepest:
islands: none; or: unknown
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
if there is a range between the figures, the differences are due to the use of several sources
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
data of census reports are often not realiable

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-15 by Jan Lahmeyer
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