map of Costa Rica; source: WR CUBA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Cuba
country code ISO: CU [CUB] //; - FIPS: CU
location: Central America, Caribbean; Westernmost island state of West Indies / Antilles
time zone: -5 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 110861 sq.km = 42803 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: north: 20°N / south: 23°N / east: 74°W / west: 85°W
borders (land): none
borders (coastline):
climate: subtropical, Caribbean
Government
independent since: 1902-05-20
type of government: republic
capital: La Habana (Havana)
administrative division: provinicia (14) + special municipality (1: Isla de la Juventud)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1981): 9723,605 //; - (1993): 10904,466
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 11141,997; or: 11188,000 /-; 2001: 11237,000 /-; 2002: 11263,000
population density: 100 per sq.km = 26 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,6% // doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 12 - 17 per 1000
death rate: 7 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 34 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 9 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 7 per 1000
life expectancy: 76-77 years (male: 73-74; female: 78)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 23% //; - 15-59 years: 66% //; - 60+ years : 12%
urbanisation: 75% //; - urbanisation growth: 2,4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 32%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: White 66[37-70]%, Mulatto 22[17-51]%, Black 12% [difference depends on criteria in sources used]
languages: Spanish
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 40% [85% prior to 1959]; Protestant 3%; other and non religious: 58%
Health
daily food intake: 2473 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 93%
people per physician: 169 - 300
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 95%
school enrolment: secondary education: 91% [FW 2001: 84%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 22%
adult literacy: 95,7% (male: 96,2%; female: 95,3%) [PG 1996: 75%; FW 2002: 97%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Peso cubano (cub$) = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 1%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1935 per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 1000 - 1250 per capita
import: USD 2185 per capita //; - export: 3860 USD per capita
trade: USD 678 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: CIS CN DE BG CZ NL ES CN VE IT FR
human development index: 0,791 //; - position of the country in the world no.: ca 50
female labour force: 40%
unemployment: 6%
tourism: 1,7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 30% //; - grass land: 27% //; - wooded area: 25% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 24% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 12% [FW 2000: 7%]
agricultural products: sugar cane, tobacco, citrus fruits, rice, cassava, potatoes, tomatoes, coffee
livestock (million): cattle: 4,2 / goats: 0,14 / horses: 0,4 / pigs: 1,3-2,6 / poultry: 11-15 / sheep: 0,3
fish catch: 67262 - 122823 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 29% [FW 2000: 24%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 52% [FW 2000: 46%]
industrial products: food processing, textiles, chemicals, fishing, tobacco, sugar, oil, timber
mining products: nickel, cobalt, copper, chrome, iron, manganese, salt, gold, natural oil
CO2 emission per capita: 2,2
services: labour force: 48% [FW 2000: 52%] //; - part of services in GDP: 36% [FW 2000: 47%]
energy use (kg per capita): 1117
electricity use (per capita): 973
annual water use (per capita): 870
Traffic, communication
road network: 34000, or 60858 km //; - of which paved: 49% [29820] //; - of which are motorways: 575 - 638 km
vehicles: 16 - 23 per 1000 // international license plate: C
railways: 4881, or 14519 km //; - railways passenger/km: 2160, or 3025
navigable inland waterways: 240 km
ownership telephone: 32 - 51 per 1000 // international dialling code: +53
ownership radio receivers: 334 - 353 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 200 - 246 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 120 per 1000
persons per post office: 7150
personal computers: 11 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Pico Turquino 1994 m, Pico Martí 1722, La Gran Pieda 1214
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Alacranes. Embalse Minerva, Zaza
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Cauto, Salado, Hanábana, Caonao, Jatibonico del Sur
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: islands: Isla de la Juventud, Arch. de Sabana, Arch. de Camagüey, Arch. de la Jardines de la Reina
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-30 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer