map of Bolivia; source WR BOLIVIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Bolivia
country code ISO: BO [BOL] //; - FIPS: BL
location: West central South America
time zone: -4 UT
surface (land) area: 1098581 sq.km = 424165 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 10° S / South: 23° S / East: 58° W / West: 69° W
borders (land): Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Perú
borders (coastline): none
climate: tropical highland
Government
independent since: 1825-08-25
type of government: republic
capital: Sucre (legal), La Paz (governmental seat)
administrative division: departamento (9); and those into provincia (96)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1992): 6420,792 //; - (2001): 8274,325
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 8152,620 //; or: 8329,000; 2001: //; or: 2002: 8809,000
population density: 7,5 per sq.km = 19,5 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,8% //; - doubling time: 29 years
birth rate: 27 - 41 per 1000
death rate: 8 - 12 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 25 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 71 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 56 per 1000
life expectancy: 56 - 64 years (male: 54 - 61; female: 58 - 67)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 40% //; - 15-59 years: 55% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 62% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city:44 %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed) 27 - 31%; Quechua 25 - 30%; Aymará 17 - 25%; European 10 - 15%
languages: Spanish, Aymará, Quechua, Guaraní
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 88,5% [source DK: 93%] ; Evangelical Protestant 9%; others 2,5%
Health
daily food intake: 2214 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 55% [FW 2000: 83%]
people per physician: 3663
people per hospital bed: 1005
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 81% [FW 2002: 94%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 34%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 23%
adult literacy: 80% (male: 88%; female: 72%) [DK: 86%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Boliviano (Bs) = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 8-9%
population below poverty line: 14 - 16%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 655 per capita
GNI USD 900 - 990 per capita //; - [ppp: 2360 - 2390]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 650 per capita
import: USD 1397 per capita //; - export: USD 1181 per capita
trade: USD 237 per capita //; - or 36% of GDP
trade partners: US AR BR JP GB DE PE CH CO VE CL
human development index: 0,648 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 104
female labour force: 38%
unemployment: 7% [FW 2002: 40%]
tourism: 0,3 - 0,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 2% //; - grass land: 25% //; - wooded area: 51% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 47% [FW 2002: 44%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 24% [FW 2002: 15%]
agricultural products: sugar cane, rice, coffee, corn, potatoes, cotton, coca, timber
livestock (million): asses: 0,6 / cattle: 6,7 / goats: 1,5 / horses: 0,3 / mules: 0,08 / pigs: 2,8 / poultry: 58 - 75 / sheep: 8,8
fish catch: 6052 - 6511 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 19% //; - part of industry in GDP: 30% [FW 2002: 33%]
industrial products: food processing, manufacturing, textiles, wood products, tobacco, handicrafts
mining products: tin (world's largest), oil & natural gas, silver, zinc, tungsten, gold, lead, antimony, iron
CO2 emission per capita: 1,5
services: labour force: 34% //; - part of services in GDP: 46% [FW 2002: 52%]
energy use (kg per capita): 562
electricity use (per capita): 390
annual water use (per capita): 201
Traffic, communication
road network: 55500 km //; - of which paved: 6% [3496] //; - of which are motorways: 2848 km [DK: 13]
vehicles: 22 - 48 per 1000 // international license plate: BOL
railways: 3694 km //; - railways passenger/km: 349
navigable inland waterways: 10000 - 14000 km
ownership telephone: 47 - 62 per 1000 // international dialling code: +591
ownership radio receivers: 553 - 676 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 98 - 202 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 69 per 1000
persons per post office: 46600
personal computers: 17 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Illimani 6402 - 6882 m, Sajama 6520 - 6780, Illampu 6485 - 6550, Ancohuma 6388 - 6550
lowest point: at the SE corner near the border with Paraguay & Brazil where the Río Paraguai leaves the county
lakes (natural): Lago Titicaca, Lago de Poopó
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Madre de Dios, Beni, Mamoré, S. Miguel
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: (in the restricted sense) none
other natural features: salt lake: Salar de Uyuni
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
the data differ a lot according to the sources used, but these do not give a trustworthy solution

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
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