map of Belize; source WR BELIZE

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Belize
country code ISO: BZ [BLZ] //; - FIPS: BH
location: Central America
time zone: -6 UT
surface (land) area: 22965 sq.km = 8867 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North:18° N / South: 16° N / East: 87° W / West: 89° W
borders (land): Guatemala, Mexico
borders (coastline): Caribbean Sea
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1981-09-21
type of government: constitutional democracy within the monarchy of the United Kingdom
capital: Belmopan
administrative division: district (6)
Population
population according to the last three censuses (1980): 144,900 //; - (1991): 183,392 // ; - (2000): 240,204
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 249,183 //; or: 240,000 /-; 2001: 248,000 /-; 2002: 253,000
population density: 11 per sq.km = 28 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,8% //; - doubling time: 28 years
birth rate: 32 - 34 per 1000
death rate: 5 - 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 40 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 34 per 1000
life expectancy: 71 [74] years (male: 69; female: 73)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 20% [38] //; - 15-59 years: 77% //; - 60+ years: 3%
urbanisation: 54% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mestizo 44%; Creole 30%; Maya Indian 11%; Garifuna 7%; white 4%; East Indian 3%
languages: English, Creole, Spanish, Indian, Carib
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 58%; Protestant 27%; Anglican 7% [12]; other: 8% [Muslim, Hindu, Jewish, Baha-i]
Health
daily food intake: 904 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 73% [FW 2000: 92%]
people per physician: 1818
people per hospital bed: [1 bed per 350 persons]
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 64%
school enrolment: secondary education: 15%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 7%
adult literacy: 93% (male: 93%; female: 93%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Belize dollar (Bz$) = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 2,7%
population below poverty line: 11%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 4750 per capita
GNI USD 2970 - 3110 per capita //; - [ppp: 5240 - 5490]
GDP growth: 1,6%
income: USD 2000 per capita
import: USD 258 per capita //; - export: USD 162 per capita
trade: USD 1953 per capita //; - or 79% of GDP
trade partners: US GB CA MX AN JP TW CU PE
human development index: 0,776 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 54
female labour force: 24%
unemployment: 13%
tourism: 0,2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 2% //; - grass land: 2% //; - wooded area: 44% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 28% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 19% [FW 2001: 23%]
agricultural products: sugar, citrus fruits, bananas, cocoa
livestock (1000s): cattle: 57 - 60 / goats: 1,3 / horses: 5 / mules: 4 / pigs: 23 / poultry: 1400 / sheep: 3 / turkeys: 36
fish catch: 39940 - 63707 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 9% [FW 1999: 17%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 14% [FW 2001: 25%]
industrial products: textiles, garments, food processing
mining products: limestone, sand and gravel
CO2 emission per capita: 1,8
services: labour force: 62% [FW 1999: 56%] //; - part of services in GDP: 67% [FW 2001: 52%]
energy use (kg per capita): 417
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 109
Traffic, communication
road network: 2872 km //; - of which paved: 19% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 85 per 1000 // international license plate: BZ
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 825 km
ownership telephone: 134 - 143 per 1000 // international dialling code: +501
ownership radio receivers: 140 - 591 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 167 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 0,5 per 1000
persons per post office: 1900
personal computers: 125 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Victoria Peak 1120 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): there are some small lakes, but not really of importance
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Hondo, Belize, New River, Sarstoon
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Ambergris Cay, Turneffe Islands
deserts: none
other natural features: coral reef
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer