a map of Argentina; source WR ARGENTINA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Argentina
country code ISO: AR [ARG] //; - FIPS: AR
location: southern South America
time zone: -3 UT
surface (land) area: 2736690 sq.km = 1056636 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 2780092 sq.km = 1073402 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 22° S / South: 55° S / East: 73° W / West: 54° W
borders (land): Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: several, raging from almost tropical via semi-arid to mild
Government
independent since: 1816-07-09 (or 1816-07-10)
type of government: federal republic
capital: Buenos Aires
administrative division: provincia (22) + distrito federal (1) + intendencia (1)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1991): 32615,528; (2001): 36260,130
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 36955,182 ; or: 37032,000 //; or: 2002: 36480,000
population density: 12 per sq.km = 35 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,2% //; - doubling time: 63 years
birth rate: 19 per 1000
death rate: 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 69 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 19 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 16 per 1000
life expectancy: 75,5 years (male: 71-72; female: 78-79)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 28% //; - 15-59 years: 57% //; - 60+ years : 15%
urbanisation: 87-88% //; - urbanisation growth: 1,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 45%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: of European descent 85% (of Italian origin: 36%; of Spanish origin: 29%); Mestizo 5%; Amerindian
languages: Spanish, Italian, Guarani, Guaicurú, Quechua, Tehuelce
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 88%; Protestant 7%; Muslim 2%; Jews 1%; others 2%
Health
daily food intake: 3144 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 66%
people per physician: 329 - 376
people per hospital bed: 304
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 81% [later figure: 97%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 41% [later figure: 48%]
adult literacy: 97% (male: 97%; female: 97%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: (new) peso [arg$] = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 5% [later figure found: 13% and 26%]
population below poverty line: 18%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 7550 per capita
GNI USD 4220 - 7460 per capita //; - [ppp: 10600 - 2050]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 2760 per capita
import: USD 20122 per capita //; - export: USD 20963 per capita
trade: USD 877 per capita //; - or 18% of GDP
trade partners: US BR IT DE BO NL CL UR JP CN ES MX
human development index: 0,842 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 34
female labour force: 33%
unemployment: 15% [later figure found: 18%]
tourism: 3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 9-10% //; - grass land: 52% //; - wooded area: 22% //; - arid land and desert: 15%
agriculture: labour force: 13% ; [later figure found: 10%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 15% [6-11%]
agricultural products: beef meat, wine, fruit, cotton, sunflower seeds, lemons, grapes, peanuts, corn
livestock (million): cattle: 52 / goats: 4,5 / horses: 3,6 / pigs: 3,2 - 4,5 / poultry: 55 - 110 / sheep: 14 - 17,3
fish catch: 919500 - 1350000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 34% //; - part of industry in GDP: 30% [32%]
industrial products: cement, iron, steel, traffic equipment, textiles
mining products: coal, crude petroleum, natural gas, zinc, lead, silver, gold, tin, uranium, copper, iron
CO2 emission per capita: 3,8
services: labour force: 53% [later figure found: 66%] //; - part of services in GDP: 45% [57-63%]
energy use (kg per capita): 1727
electricity use (per capita): 1938
annual water use (per capita): 1043
Traffic, communication
road network: 216100 km //; - of which paved: 29% [63348 km] //; - of which are motorways: 734 or 4835 km
vehicles: 5,7 million ; or 140 per 1000 // international license plate: RA
railways: 34509 km //; - railways passenger/km: 190000
navigable inland waterways: 11000 km
ownership telephone: 160 - 224 per 1000 // international dialling code: +54
ownership radio receivers: 778 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 347 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 138 per 1000
persons per post office: 6100
personal computers: 51 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Cerro Aconcagua 6959 m, C. Bonete 6872, C. Ojos del Salado 6863, C. Tupungato 6800, Monte Pissis 6779, C. Mercedario 6770
lowest point: Península Valdés 48 m below sea level
lakes (natural): Argentino 1415 km2, Viedma 1088, L. Buenos Aires 881, Colhue Huapi 803
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Paraná 1800 km, Río Negro 635, R. Colorado 860, R. Salado 2000, R. Bermejo-Teuco 1000, Pilcomayo 850, Uruguay 1100
canals: unknown
waterfalls: Iguazu 70 m
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: Terra del Fuego (eastern part)
deserts: Patagonia (semi-desert)
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
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