map of Tunisia; source WR TUNISIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Tûnusîya
country code ISO: TN //; - FIPS: TS
location: North Africa
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 163610 sq.km = 63170 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 37° N / South: 30° N / East: 12° E / West: 8° E
borders (land): Libya, Algeria
borders (coastline): Mediterranean Sea
climate: Mediterranean, regional differences: N humid, S arid
Government
independent since: 1956-03-20
type of government: republic
capital: Tunis
administrative division: wilayat [=governorate] (23)
Population
population according to the latest census (1994): 8785,364
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 9564,000; or: 9593,402 /-; 2001: 9673,000; or: 9705,102
population density: 59 per sq.km = 152 per sq.mi
population growth: 2% //; - doubling time: 44 years
birth rate: 17 - 21 per 1000
death rate: 5 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 310 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 43 per 1000
life expectancy: 74 years (male: 72; female: 76)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 38% //; - 15-59 years: 56% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 63% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 30%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Arab 98,2%; Berber 1,2%; French 0,2%; Italian 0,1%; other 0,3%
languages: Arabic (official); French
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 99,4%; Christian 0,3%; Jewish 0,1%; other 0,2%
Health
daily food intake: 3297 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 99%
people per physician: 1290
people per hospital bed: 556
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 95%
school enrolment: secondary education: 44%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 7%
adult literacy: 67% (male: 79%; female: 55%) [later total figure found: 71%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Dinar = 1000 millimes
annual inflation rate: 4,5%
population below poverty line: 14%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1740 per capita
GNI USD 2100 per capita //; - [ppp: 6070]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 1510 per capita
import: USD 7698 per capita //; - export: USD 5517 per capita
trade: USD 1065 per capita //; - or 74% of GDP
trade partners: FR IT DE BE US
human development index: 0,714 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 89
female labour force: 32%
unemployment: 16%
tourism: 5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 29% //; - grass land: 22% //; - wooded area: 4% //; - arid land and desert: ca 40%
agriculture: labour force: 22% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 13%
agricultural products: tomatoes, wheat, olives, watermelons, sugar beets, potatoes, grapes, oranges, dates
livestock (million): asses: 0,2 / camels: 0,2 / cattle: 0,8 / goats: 1,4 / mules: 0,1 / poultry: 43 / sheep: 6,6
fish catch: 89000 - 92000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 16% //; - part of industry in GDP: 33%
industrial products: cement, phosphoric acid, flour, crude steel, food processing, textiles, oil products
mining products: phosphates, iron, zinc, lead, salt, natural oil & gas
CO2 emission per capita: 2,4
services: labour force: 62% //; - part of services in GDP: 54%
energy use (kg per capita): 811
electricity use (per capita): 911
annual water use (per capita): 381
Traffic, communication
road network: 22490, or 29183 km //; - of which paved: 79, or 65% //; - of which are motorways: 10 km
vehicles: 39 per 1000
railways: 2152, or 2168 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1038
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 58 - 90 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 193 - 223 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 100 - 156 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 46 per 1000
persons per post office: 9390
personal computers: 23 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Jebel Chambi 1544 m, J. Bireno 1419, J. Mrhila 1378, J. Selloum 1373, J. Tiouach 1363, J. Serj 1357, >
lowest point: sea level // > more mountains: J. es Sif 1352, J. Sekarna 1322, J. Semmama 1314, J. Zaghouan 1295
lakes (natural): some salt lakes, the main ones are Chott el Jerid, Sebkhet de Sidi el Hani
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Mejerda, Zeroud
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Jerba, Chergui, Gharbi
deserts: at the northern edge of the Sahara desert
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-12 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer