map of Somalia; source WR SOMALIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Soomaaliya
country code ISO: SO //; - FIPS: SO
location: Northeast Africa
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 637660 sq.km = 246200 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 12° N / South: 2° S / East: 52° E / West: 41° E
borders (land): Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean
climate: tropical arid, northern coast hot and humid
Government
independent since: 1960-07-01
type of government: republic
capital: Muqdisho (Mogadishu)
administrative division: region (16)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1975): 4089,203 /-; (1986): 7114,431
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 7253,137; or: 8778,000 /-; 2001: 10390,000
population density: 14 per sq.km = 36 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 22 years
birth rate: 45 - 47 per 1000
death rate: 13 - 18 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 1100 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 117 - 123 per 1000
life expectancy: 47 years (male: 45; female: 48)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 47% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 27 - 36% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 34%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Somali 98,3%; Arab 1,2%; Bantu 0,4%; other 0,1%
languages: Somali (official); Arab, English, Italian
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 99,8%; Christian 0,1%; other 0,1%
Health
daily food intake: 1531 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 37%
people per physician: 19000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 50%
school enrolment: secondary education: 7%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 24% (male: 43%; female: 14%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Somali shilling = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: %
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 150 per capita
GNI USD 110 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD 150 per capita
import: USD 228 per capita //; - export: USD 44 per capita
trade: USD 35 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: SA IT GB KE DE
human development index: unknown //; - position of the country in the world no.: one of the lowest of the world
female labour force: 43 - 49%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,01 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 2% //; - grass land: 69% //; - wooded area: 14 - 25% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 76% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 65%
agricultural products: fruits, sugarcane, maize, sorghum, bananas, sesame seed, beans, dates, fish, mangoes
livestock (million): camels: 6,1 / cattle: 5,1 / goats: 12,3 / pigs: 0,004 / poultry: 3,2 / sheep: 13,1
fish catch: 15700 - 20250 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 8% //; - part of industry in GDP: 10%
industrial products: hides & skins, food processing,
mining products: sepiolote, salt, tin, zinc, copper, gypsum, manganese, uranium, iron, bauxite
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 16% //; - part of services in GDP: 25%
energy use (kg per capita): 7
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 98
Traffic, communication
road network: 22218, or 23700 km //; - of which paved: 12% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 1 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 1,7 - 2 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 41 - 53 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 13 - 18 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 1 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Buuraha Surud Cad (Shimbiris) 2407 m, Baxaya 2200, Bur Afaf 2073, Qar Wager 2000
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Juba, Shebeli and lots of wadi rivers
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none, or unknown
deserts:
other natural features: at the fringe of Ogaden
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
due to the instable situation - mainly caused by civil war conditions - data are not reliable nor trustworthy
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
sources used state a wide range of estimates

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-06 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer